The Limitation Of Epidemiological Data Relating To Mental Health Difficulties In L Mic University Of Glasgow Essay

1291 words - 6 pages

Epidemiology is defined as ‘the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations and the application of this study to control of health problems’(Mortensen, 2012). It is a powerful tool in dealing with public health and medical problems. Since the publication of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study in 1996, mental health problems had become a major public health concern(Ustun, 1999). As a result, epidemiological information about mental health problems plays a more important role for that response system(Baxter, Patton, Scott, Degenhardt, & Whiteford, 2013). This essay will discuss the global epidemiology of common mental health problems and the limitations of exist data in low and middle-income countries (LMIC).
The Global epidemiology of common mental health problems
The WMH Survey Initiative from the World Health Organization (WHO) is designed to analyze epidemiological surveys of mental health problems all over the world. These years, large number of surveys are conducted to measure the common mental health problems. According to the completed WMH surveys, the 12-months prevalence of anxiety disorders is on the top position for approximately 11% across surveys, which is followed by mood disorders with a 12-month prevalence estimates about 6%(Kessler et al., 2009). In contrast with developing countries, western developed countries represent higher prevalence both on anxiety and mood disorders. Another global systematic review with 174 surveys around 63 countries from 1980 to 2013 showed that nearly 1 in 5 respondents were identified as common mental disorder during the previous 12 months. Anxiety disorders showed the highest prevalence rate of 6.7%, this was followed by mood disorders (5.4%) and substance use disorders (3.8%)(Steel et al., 2014). It also pointed out that LMIC in East Asia and Pacific area showed a lower prevalence estimates in common mental health disorders than the pooled average. Similarly, studies found that LMIC such as Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Laos and Philippines had the lowest prevalence estimates for MDD.
Limitations of the exist data in LMIC
Epidemiological studies seem have revealed the prevalence of common mental health problems in a global range, however, there still have many limitations of the available data especially in LMIC.
The first limitation is the absence of publishing data in LMIC. This could be attributed to the limited funding for research in LMIC. Moreover, language difficulties hinder the data publication in international journals, which can be peer-reviewed globally. Study revealed there are only less than five percentage of indexed psychiatric journals are originated from MIC and none of them are from LIC(Herrman, 2010). The lack of reports could lead to an underestimate prevalence of common mental health illness.
The second limitation is the available data should not be generalized indiscriminately without considering the...

Find Another Essay On the limitation of epidemiological data relating to mental health difficulties in lMIC - University of Glasgow - essay

Corporate Social Responsibility and the example of The Body Shop - Glasgow University - Essay

1321 words - 6 pages pressure combining social, environmental and political issues (Huczynski and Buchanan, 2013). This essay investigates if the claims of companies to feel responsible in an ethical and environmental way are empty good intensions while identifying the benefits and burdens resulting from these claims with the example of The Body Shop (TBS). Firstly, it explores possible advantages TBS’s values have as part of their business strategy. Secondly, it

Quality of life. What is it and in which ways can we think of it? - Glasgow University - Essay

2399 words - 10 pages -life-balance’, which is a factor of increasing influence on perceived QoL in highly developed countries (Kimura, 2016), could be used as an illustration. The topic is concerned in psychological and pedagogical, as well as economic research and is related to variables of the economic, psychological well-being and health dimension (Allen, 2005). The complexity of the concept of QoL is therefore demonstrated through both, the variety of related

Mental Poverty: The degradation of the mental health in America

2182 words - 9 pages In the United States mental health is avoided by political and societal elites. Mental health should be a priority to combat the cyclical nature of poverty, drug addiction, and mental illness. The underprivileged are disproportionately affected by mental illnesses. Due to the Affordable Care Act, states are in a position to expand Medicaid and thus mental healthcare to those that need it most. Without the support of state legislatures though

The importance of mental health in america

1190 words - 5 pages Mental health is a significant issue in America and has been overlooked by the government for a very extensive time. I believe that mental health is a very substantial issue in America that is being neglected by the government and needs to addressed immediately.Considering that this issue affects 26.2 percent of Americans, this baffles me that such a serious issue is overlooked and not addressed for a long extent by the government. Mental health

Adoption of Cloud Computing relating to Data Storage

2267 words - 9 pages approach cannot ignore the fact of possible organisational restructuring. Another important issue to consider is the lack of standardisation involved in cloud computing. As cloud computing and data storage are in the early stages, no formal standardisation has been developed. The International Standards Organisation (ISO) / International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 27002 information security standards is the only thing relating to the

Big Data Analytics: A discussion of the importance of big data in today's world. - South Dakota State University/ Data Science - Essay

627 words - 3 pages , processing and analysis of data that was previously ignored. In other words, big data analytics can be understood to be the gathering, systematic processing and analysis of much more data by a business entity. There are several terms related to the big data concept. These related terms which help in the definition and further understanding of big data are the four Vs; namely, volume, variety, velocity and veracity. The main aim of the big data concept

The impact of Virtual Reality and Sharing Economy on tourism - University of Glasgow - assignment

3680 words - 15 pages world, was invented by Morton Heilig, a filmmaker in 1957 (Dormehl, 2017). After the invention, VR technologies have been applied practically in a number of fields. It has been used as a medium to investigate mental disorders, such as threat perception, fear and exposure treatment, since 1990s (Rothbaum, 2009). Wirth et al (2007) illustrates that the VR technology has been modified to interact with users by sensing reaction and motion for deeper

Development of Epidemiological Investigation in Serbia

1360 words - 5 pages makers about development of epidemiological investigation capacities as a tool for providing better food safety in Serbia. One among many others need of innovation could be change in the conducting of epidemiological investigation by join efforts of public health workforce and low enforcement in the food safety area. The main objective of this study is to consider and present the epidemiological investigation in the food outbreak, but it is

Epidemiological Trend of Malaria in Odisha

1329 words - 5 pages with 64% of malaria deaths in the state[6]. The hyperendemicity in this region of Odisha is ascribed to its distinct ecotypes (valleys, forests and forest fringes, forest covered foothills) conducive for anopheline breeding and plasmodium longevity, thereby facilitating high malaria transmission[16]. Besides this, some other factors like socio-economic under development, poor communication and transportation facilities, inadequate health

The role of occupational therapists in mental health care

782 words - 3 pages "The role of occupational therapists in mental health care"One of the main reasons why it has become necessary to look in more detail at the role of occupational therapists in mental health care is the changing role of health care professionals in general which has taken place in the past decades and which has led to a re-structuring of the health care industry as a whole. As Thorner (1991) and Lloyd et al (1998) have pointed out, there have

A Day in the Life of a Mental Health Counselor

1866 words - 7 pages colleagues that are enthusiastic about learning and continuing education opportunities, to hire assistance for time-consuming administrative task, and adequately assess a proper caseload that will sustain my counseling practice and without avoid counselor burn out (L. Keylon, personal communication, March 26, 2010). A Day in the Life of a Mental Health Counselor I spent the day with Lea Keylon, sole owner of Keylon Counseling

Similar Essays

Effects Of Mental Health On The Family Hampton University/ Sociology Of The Family Essay

3369 words - 14 pages RUNNING HEAD: MENTAL HEALTH 1 MENTAL HEALTH 13 Hampton University Mental Health in the Family A paper presented for Sociology of the Family SOC 310-01 to Prof. Idonia K. Barrett by Shaidai Dunnock Tiffani Etheridge Shanece Martin Tydejah Roberts Treliah Samuels Tyrell Whitlow November 21, 2017 Mental Health in the Family Common Disorders, Childhood Disorders, Eating Disorders, Personality Disorders and Sleep & Wake Disorders are some of the

Mental Health Causes And Prevalence In Youth Singapore University Of Social Sciences Essay

2307 words - 10 pages reactions their depressed mother might have, which in turns increases the risk of the child developing depression as well. Secondly, family difficulties and the lack in social support was found to increase the level of maternal distress, which in turns affects a child’s mental health (Essex et al., 2006; Thompson, Flood, & Goodvin, 2006). These variables are interdependent as studies have also shown that maternal distress can also cause family

Play Therapy For Psychological Trauma In Kids Walden University Intro To Mental Health Counseling 6100 Research

906 words - 4 pages the Mental health continuum, as trauma is one of issues associated with this type of counseling (Chang et al, 2014). Traumatic events result in feelings of fear, helplessness, loss of control, loss of connection with others and loss of meaning (Chang et al, 2014). The goals of trauma work include empowerment of the client and reestablish of safety and structure (Chang et al, 2014). As Dr.Gil (1998) explains in her video most children that have

The Epidemiological Aspects Of Aboriginal Health

3401 words - 14 pages social context. The effect of a modern society on health care provision to indigenous communities is also discussed, as well as the health issues facing these people such as high blood pressure, stress, drugs, alcohol and poor children’s health. The epidemiological aspects of Aboriginal health According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008), (from which most figures in this paper are sourced from) the Aboriginal community faces higher