The Link Between Globalization and Poverty
The word globalization gets tossed in conversation with out even slipping our minds what it is. But what is it? Globalization is the concept of companies sending jobs overseas to those who will work for less. Globalization is the ability to go to McDonald’s in China and eat a Big Mac that tastes as if you ate it on your homeland. Globalization allows you go on Facebook to communicate with your exchange partner in Germany in a matter of seconds. However, globalization can be defined even broader that includes multiple influences. The most suitable definition would be that globalization is the collapse of barriers between countries allowing labor, goods, and services to be freely exchanged. One aspect that seems to be controversial is the how globalization has affected the wealth of others. For instance, outsourcing has led to a vast majority of job for citizens in less developed countries giving the ability to slowly crawl out of poverty. But yet there are still other countries that watch their poverty rate skyrocket. I will take controversial looks on globalization, where it enhances a country’s economy and visa versa to develop an answer.
Johan Norberg argues that outsourcing is a great way to provide jobs to the people in thirds world countries as stated in, “The Noble Feat of Nike.” Norberg looks at the American jobs that have been outsourced to Vietnam to see how it has influenced the lives of people living in less developed countries. The citizens in his article work at one the most wealthiest shoe producers today, Nike. The number of workers employed for Nike has quadrupled since it has moved overseas. This large expansion has endorsed an increase production, but what happens to the lives of the workers? According to Norberg’s observations, the working conditions are gruesome compared to what we see in America. Sadly, these workers are blinded sighted because of their previous job history. For example, Norberg (2014) states, “They compare the work at Nike with the way they lived before, or they way their parents or neighbours still work. And the facts are revealing” (p. 188). By this he is explaining that they might make fifty-four dollars a month but comparing that to their relatives wage that is a substantial increase.
He then interviews a young Vietnamese female, Tsi-Chi, who works in this sweatshop. She compares her work setting to working on a farm, working under the hot sun with bugs constantly pestering you for a straight ten to fourteen hours. But factory work is definitely more pleasing when a typical day is an 8 to 9 hour shift in air conditioning. On top of that, many workers receive training and education, reduced or free meals, and medical attention. This comparison makes, “Nike sound more like Santa Claus than Scrooge” (Norberg, 2014, p. 189). Nike’s appreciation for their customers has brought many workers increased wages and Norberg (2014) insists that their increased...