The Location Of Britains National Parks

1268 words - 5 pages

Will Britain?s nature reserves be in the wrong places to fulfil their intended purposes in 100 years time? Nature reserves were established world wide in the last century, they where created to protect certain habitats, species and wild life and keep there natural habitat stable. A nature reserve is a protected area where a natural habitat can establish itself; the land is not cultivated and built upon so that the area is at its natural state such as wetlands, mudflats or forests.These reserves have huge sums of money invested into it by governments, public agencies and charitable bodies. Land is bought and the nature reserves are created, the money is used for the careful management of the habitat and it?s surrounding area. The purpose of nature reserves in Britain is so that species and habitats are protected and are not taken over by agriculture or urbanisation that are the dominating landscapes in Britain.The existence of these nature reserves is now coming under threat. This is because of climate change that is caused by global warming. It is changing Britain?s temperature and therefore it?s surrounding landscape. Britain?s climate has always been in a state of constant change, in the past its was driven by natural events and processes but since the industrial revolution which took place in the 1850s the country?s carbon dioxide levels have increased dramatically. These events, brought on by the burning of fossil fuels, this has resulted in ?a climate change soon likely to exceed anything the planet has seen in the last million years? (report by German advisory council on global change).In the United Kingdom the levels of carbon dioxide are expected to rise increasing Britain?s average temperature by 2 degrees Celsius by the year 2080. This will result in warmer wetter winters and hotter drier summers and will have a dramatic effect on the landscape and therefore the environment. The land will change, a variation will appear in the soil quality and erosion may increase. Sea levels will rise resulting in only certain types of plants and vegetations being able to survive and other species migrating. Therefore natural habitats will either adapt or move and we could see the invasion of non- native species. Britain?s current natural reserves are situated all around the country from the southern wet lands to the Yorkshire coast up to the Scottish Mountains. These areas of land are becoming more precious and vulnerable as the flowers and the rising temperatures threaten plants that grow there. This change means that current nature reserves will be useless as the natural environment they once held will have either migrated some where else or perhaps even facing extinction. This will all be due to climate change from global warming.This will essentially render this country?s nature reserves useless. They will no longer house the intended flora and fauna and the environment will become confound. Nature reserves are created for a certain purpose, but...

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