There are several ongoing of issues that are effecting adolescents in today’s society ranging from low self-esteem, teen pregnancy, and obesity. Also, amongst these issues are the growing concerns and effects of bullying. Its epidemic is also starting to become closely related to the growing numbers of suicide rates amongst adolescents within the United States and across the globe. However, there are several adults that may take bullying lightly thinking that it is just a part of kids being kids. Whereas to an adolescent, bullying can cause long-term effects as they transition into adulthood. However, in order for one to examine the long-term effects of bullying one must be able to define what bullying is and determine the cause and effect.
When defining what bullying is one must take into consideration the thoughts and feelings of a child; this is because a child’s perception of bullying may be completely different from that of an adult’s perception. Therefore, it is imperative that initiatives are taken to grasp an adolescent’s view about the mechanisms involved in bullying in order to provide and/or create better prevention and intervening plans as well as programs (Frisén, Jonsson, & Persson, 2007). In conjunction in defining what bullying is, one must also determine who are the victims of bullying as well as who are more likely to become and/or are bullies. Once these factors are determined, an evaluation of the long-term effects of bullying can be established and a prevention plan can also be created and implemented.
With the growing issues and concerns of bullying it is surprising that there are no federal laws set in place to help end this epic issue. Contrary to the federal government’s lacking, state legislatures have passed prevention policies in relation to harassment. For example, in the state of Alabama the legislature passed the Student Harassment Prevent Act in 2005 (Crain, 2012). Although harassment and bullying are be defined as two different things, legally, there are hopes that these policies can help reduce bullying if they are implemented correctly and accordingly. In conjunction to state and federal laws, studies also show that an adolescent’s social environment can have a major effect on bullying as well.
There are several theories that articulate that an adolescent can becomes easily influenced by intimate relationships and their social environments; such as the Primary Socialization Theory and Bandura’s Social Learning Theory. Studies have shown that bullying rates are more likely to be lower in bigger schools than in smaller schools that no transition from middle to high school. Also, according to statistical records, 9 out of 10 youth that are bullied at school are homosexual identified youth which in turns leads to them being two to three times more likely to commit suicide. According to Kalman (2013), when it comes to eliminating the issues and concerns of bullying, individuals are too busy trying to...