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The Long Term Effects Of Bullying Amongst Adolescents

1380 words - 6 pages

Theoretical Framework
Often times in the human services career field or any other career field, when it comes to finding the reasoning behind an issue and or a prevention and intervention plan for major issues, such as bullying, that are affecting individuals and the society, it is important that theoretical frameworks are used. According to the 2010 statistics, with bullying becoming a rapidly growing issue and concern affecting both youth and adults, the crime of bullying will not be going away anytime soon. Bullying is performed in several different forms ranging from physically, verbally, and even cyber within our school systems, work places, and on college/ university campuses. Which in ...view middle of the document...

For example, if there are policies and or rules set in place, within a school and or one’s home, stating that there is no bullying allowed but yet an adolescent and or an individual has been reported as bullying there should then be some type of punishment set in place for that behavior; similar to a recent incident in Ohio. An adult male was sentenced to sit on a corner holding a sign stating that he was a bully as a means of punishment for bullying a disabled individual along with others within his community. By enforcing this kind of punishment not only with adults but also with adolescents would be strength of the defiance theory because shows adolescents that bullying is not tolerated and that they will get punished for their wrongdoing. This in turns will also assist in the prevention of bullying issues because as adolescents grow older they will be less likely to participate in defiant activities and or behaviors. However, a limitation of the defiance theory would be the fact that punishment does not necessarily control offending.
Another theory that would be sufficient for providing a theoretical framework for bullying would be the Primary Socialization Theory (PST). PST is a new theory derived from Bronfenbrenner’s bio-ecological model and Bandura’s Social Learning Theory (Dulli, 2006). The theory basically explains that the behaviors among adolescents are learned from intimate relationships. It also provides an explanation that behaviors are influenced by other social sources such as extended family, religious groups and neighborhood surroundings. To date, the theory has only been applied to the study of adolescent substance use/abuse; however, despite the limited application, the theory’s authors clearly articulate its intended application to other socially deviant behaviors (Dulli, 2006).
Therefore, since adolescent children are more prone to following the norms of their environments, if policies and or rules were created and implemented not only amongst adolescents but also to those that are around them such as teachers and family members then the rates of bullying could possibly decrease (Palmer, 2014). For instances, in the previous given example of the Ohio man, with adolescents seeing that type of punishment for someone who was suspected and or accused of bullying should influence them not to bully; which would be a of the primary socialization theory. Whereas a limitation would be that those adults that are socialized with adolescents are not of agreement to the policy. That is because in most cases adults always have the attitude of do as I say not as I do.
Theoretical frameworks are used in several professional spectrums on several issues that are affecting many individuals and the society as a whole. Although it is said that bullying is a recurring issue that is performed in several different forms ranging from physically, verbally, and even cyber within our school systems, work places, and on college/ university campuses;...

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