This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Longest War Of The Twentieth Century: The Iran Iraq War

1438 words - 6 pages

Lasting for eight years, the Iran-Iraq War is widely considered to be the longest

lasting war of the 20th Century. Also the bloodiest, it was initiated by Iraq, with little

consideration for the intended outcome. The First Persian Gulf War had been

smoldering for centuries over a bed of coals fueled by differing religious beliefs,

and economical and political views, with encouragement from Third Party countries.

Finally sparked by an intended land grab, neither side appeared to have considered the

financial nor human cost racked up during hostilities. Nor did either side appear to

foresee the continuing cost that would go on for years after Official hostilities had

ceased.

Prior to the beginning of the conflict, Iran and Iraq had both been colonies of

European nations. After the Second World War, both nations became sovereign and

began rebuilding themselves. Unfortunately, both nations ended up being ruled by

leaders who were deemed tyrannical and so went through many years of in-fighting and

attempted coups. Some of these leaders were protested against because of reported

corruption and mistreatment of their respective populaces but, underlying this was also

the sectarian separation between the Sunni and Shi-Ite sects of Islam.

After the final coop that stabilized Iraq, the Baath Socialist Party became the

ruling party. This group was almost exclusively Sunni even though the majority of the

populace were Shi-ite. Internal strife between the majority and the minority led to many

uprising attempts and the subsequent government reprisals. In October of 1978,

Saddam Hussein, at the insistence of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, expeled

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomein; who had been an exile in Iraq for 13 years.

Iran-Iraq War: Ignoring the outcome 4

In February of 1979, after the ouster of the Shah of Iran, Khomein returned to run

the new Shi-ite government. Shortly afterwards, he called for the overthrow of the

Baathist Regime of Iraq. In response, Saddam expeled 40,000 Shi-ites (Langtree),

widening the gap between sects. Also after taking control of Iran, the new Iranian

government began to exile, imprison and execute many of the Government leaders who

had not already left. This included almost the entire Military Officer’s Corps and much of

the Non-Commissioned Officers. Having the effect of leaving Iran disorganized from the

overthrow of the ruling government, it also left them with very little in the way of

leadership and experts to defend the country. This fact did not go unnoticed by their

neighbors.

Seeing the Shi-ite uprisings and the possible threat in Iran, other countries of the

Middle-East and West lent aid to Iraq in hopes of keeping the new threat occupied.

Threatened by the neighboring coop, encouraged by offers of support from wealthy

neighbors, and enticed by the oil-rich lands just across the border and the possibility of

a larger port for...

Find Another Essay On The Longest War of the Twentieth Century: The Iran-Iraq War

The Iran-Iraq War: The Original Gulf War

1490 words - 6 pages of the war. It was Saddam Hussein’s way of projecting his well documented sense of brutality upon his enemies insuring that the stage of the world was set saying I am the ruler of Iraq and I will use whatever means necessary to insure a victory. Works Cited O'Ballance, Edgar. (1988). The Gulf War. Oxford, England: Brassey's Defence Publishers Hiro, Dilip. (1989), The Longest War. London, England: Grafton Willett, Edward. (2004), The Iran

The United States Longest War Essay

1904 words - 8 pages The Cold War: the United States longest war lasting more than 40 years. Due the relative age the Cold War ended less than 20 years ago. The Cold War was America’s opposition to communist worldview. Wars were fought on many diverse fronts, ranging from actual wars in Korea and Vietnam to providing economic aid to allies of the free World. The Cold War dealt with the expansion and the stockpile of nuclear weapons and a diverse methods on how they

The War in Iraq

2456 words - 10 pages In April of 1920, Allied Nations coming out of World War I met at the San Remo Peace Conference. It was here that a mandate involving France’s desire to hold Syria and Lebanon and Great Britain’s desire to hold the lands of Palestine, Transjordan, and Mesopotamia was born. Britain’s holdings were renamed Iraq, which was created out of the Ottoman provinces of Baghdad, Mosul, and Basra. In October of 1932, Iraq gained formal independence under

The war in Iraq

607 words - 2 pages power over that country's weapons of mass destruction. In Iraq Saddam Hussein should no longer be aloud to be in power because he has committed genocide, supported terrorist groups, and he cannot be trusted with weapons of mass destruction, and even less if some of those could be chemical and biological weapons. We need to be militarily involved in this war in Iraq because he is a menace to peace and freedom in the U.S.A. and the entire world.In

The Iraq War

1252 words - 5 pages Although severe consequences come with the decision of war with Iraq, most blinded United States of America citizens are still yet persuaded to support such a war. The Bush Administration has covered their schemes of war with lies to gain support. While weapons of mass destruction is supposedly the reason why the United States launched military action to begin with, all the clearly ignored consequences will haunt their final decision of war, and

The Iraq War

1455 words - 6 pages through bargaining and influence of domestic interests, accounts for the U.S. ongoing war in Iraq from its onset during former President George W. Bush's administration to the present policies in place because of President Barack Obama's administration. Academic scholar James Fearon makes the claim that, “...because war is costly, a settlement that all sides prefer to war generally exists.”(Rationalist Explanations for War). While this statement may

The Iraq War

721 words - 3 pages The Iraq War Weapons of Mass Destruction (recent?) The United States and United Kingdom intelligence services claimed that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction. However, weapons inspectors never located any weapons of mass destruction. Iraq was invaded based on lies and deceit on behalf of the United States. The United States Military should immediately withdraw from Iraq. George W. Bush and Dick Cheney were informed repeatedly

The Iraq War - 737 words

737 words - 3 pages The Iraq war has affected many people from around this nation. Not only has this war affected people of the United States but people from many different countries. In the beginning, this seemed to make since of having our people go over and try to free up the Iraq country that Saddam Hassan had such a strong hold on. Now, after several years of just many killings, I wonder if this was worth the trouble.After the first war where the United States

Negative Aspects of The Iraq War

592 words - 2 pages By attacking Iraq, the United States has shown that they are no better than the villain Saddam Hussein. The assaults on Iraq were criminal and wicked acts while they were also unjust and unnecessary. In an attempt to overthrow Hussein and end his cruel reign of terror, the US sent in an armed military force. Since the beginning of the war, there have been over 3334 military fatalities for the US alone. The US has caused as many, if not more

The Vietnam War and Iraq

1261 words - 5 pages different and with that being said; a few terrorists and religious zealots are trying to prevent Iraq from becoming a democracy. They are funded and supplied from the surrounding countries, Syria, Iran, Saudi Arabia, but no other country is trying to conquer Iraq. In Vietnam, we were actually fighting another country, North Vietnam. In Iraq it was much different. Although it was an integral part of the Cold War, the Vietnam War was an actual war unto

Total War in the Twentieth century has proved to be an agency of social division rather than of national integration

1771 words - 7 pages Total War in the Twentieth century has proved to be an agency of social division rather than of national integration.Total War has been described as war which "draws from every political, social, economic and cultural sphere of a nation state" . The first major example of this is the First World War. It is clear that this war changed society and had wide ranging effects on the nations directly involved in the war. However, the extent to which it

Similar Essays

The Iran Iraq War Essay

3183 words - 13 pages The Iran-Iraq War While the Iran-Iraq War during the 1980's may have permanently altered the course of progress in Iran and Iraq, the war also altered the resulting permanent involvement of the rest of the world in the middle-east. The rich and complicated history in Iraq has established numerous cultural and ethnic traditions that all play a part in where the country is today. The Iran-Iraq War brought into focus some of those

An Analysis Of The Outbreak Of The Iran Iraq War

796 words - 4 pages Costing up to $1,000,000,000 monthly and possible over $300,000,000,000 in material terms (Swearingen, 1988) over the course of the conflict, the Iran-Iraq War was at face value, an attempt by Iraq to compel Iran to recognize Iraq's territorial rights and to renegotiate the 1975 treaty. Initially, Iraq seemed to have either no clearly formulated strategic goals or had fallen short of them - the first reaction one would have when hearing that

An Analysis Of The Outbreak Of The Iran Iraq War

1124 words - 5 pages In the fall of 1980, one of the largest and most destructive conflicts to occur since the end of the second world war started between the states of Iran and Iraq. Lasting eight years, the war left approximately 1.5 million dead and around a million casualties with thousands of refugees fleeing both nations. • Cost up to $1,000,000,000 monthly • Total cost to date may exceed $300,000,000,000 • (Swearingen, 1988) Using three levels of

Chemical Weapons: The Iraq And Iran War

1425 words - 6 pages Chemical Weapons: The Iraq and Iran War During the 1980’s, the world was in a state of turmoil. The Middle East was as volatile as ever and the Cold War was still in full swing. The Middle East has always been a hot-bed for controversy and conflict; Iraq and Iran are no exception to this norm. By 1980, Iraq had become the second-largest eastern Arab State in population and size (Goldschmidt & Davidson, 2006). However, Iraq aspired to be more