The Search for Scientific Truth Leads to God
At the dawn of the twenty-first century, many now realize that the opposition of science and religion has been exhausted. Today, unification of the two is imperative. The first step in this direction is recognizing that science is not the only source of knowledge; experience, spiritual discernment and spiritual experience constitute the unified process of cognizing the world.
I. About the Unified Language in which the Laws of Nature are Written
It began in Moscow more than forty years ago. At that time I had the chance to be the graduate student of the distinguished physicist, Nobel Prize laureate, and wonderful man, Igor Evgenievich Tamm. (1) In those days theoretical physics experienced a state of deep depression. After the success of quantum electrodynamics had astonished the imagination, further advancement was hindered by the lack of fundamentally new physical ideas.
With this Igor Evgenievich was repeatedly saying to me that, by inventing different models of interactions, we impose our own "human" language on nature. But nature does not understand us, and dialogue does not come about. That is why, our primary task is to learn to "listen" to nature in order to understand its "language." But where is this language? In what it is encapsulated? It is in laws. It is in the laws of Newton, in the equations of Maxwell, in Euclidean geometry, in the laws of quantum mechanics. All these laws are "written" in some unified language.
Thus at the end of 1960 there was set up a completely unusual task: to find the unified universal language in which all fundamental physical laws are written, and then, leaning on this, to review and to reassess the basis of all physics.
Historically, the different branches of physics, which sprang up from experience (from the "bottom")-such as mechanics, thermodynamics, electrodynamics, the theory of relativity, quantum mechanics-each kept the semi-empirical language distinctive of each branch. But if we rise up to a sufficiently high level of abstraction and look from "above" upon the well-known branches of physics, then numerous details, important when solving this or that concrete task, gradually disappear, and in place of them, new fundamental physical laws are revealed which are written in a new unified language. In front of us there is opening up a new physics with new goals, new tasks, and new mathematical apparatus.
As it was clarified later, the essence of any fundamental physical law lies in the objective existence of abstract physical structures-special kind of relationships which the ideal "doubles" (the prototypes of the objects of material reality) possess. In contrast to the well-known cause and effect connections, these relationships have a completely different nature, and are described in that one unified universal language which Tamm told me about before, and express in the most adequate way the idea of wholeness and unity of the special...