In the book Lord of the Flies, at the end of the book, it said that “Ralph wept for the end of
innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of a true, wise friend called
Piggy”. This quote is very important and tells us the theme of this nasty novel. The Lord of the Flies is an allegorical novel and it is about schoolboys (aged thirteen and under) who was stranded on an
island without adult supervision. At first, they were happy because they were free from adult
supervision and knew they could anything. So, they decided to form a government, but soon the
kids mutinied against the leader and later nihilism and terror ruled. Anyway, many reader ponders, why did at the end, anarchy and savagery ruled, and many analysts blame the theme of the book.
The author William Golding says that the theme of the book is “an attempt to trace the defect of
society back to the defect of human nature”. Yes, the theme of the book is the conflict between
Civilization vs. Savagery and the loss of innocence.
The main conflict in Lord of the Flies is civilization vs. savagery. This conflict exists in all
human being : whether to follow the law or break the law, whether to act peacefully or act in a
savage-like way and in the novel. Since this is an allegorical novel, Golding convey many themes
and important ideas into objects and characters. Therefore, he represent this conflict between Ralph and Jack, with Ralph representing leadership, civilization, order, and the common good and Jack
representing evil, savagery, and the “mankind's essential illness”. Golding uses this novel to show
us how the conflict between civilization and savagery is performed. Ralph and Jack argues and fight all the time in the novel. For example, in Chapter three, Ralph gets mad with Jack when he doe not help Ralph make the shelter and in Chapter eleven when Ralph fights with Jack, when he tries to
retrieve Piggy's glasses and try to stop the hunters from being a savage. Throughout the novel, it is
shown that Ralph and Jack are enemies, and so as the common good and savagery. In the novel,
Golding shows how “righteousness” and “savagery” uses authority. Ralph, uses his authority to
create rules, protect the group, and enforce democracy. So, Ralph wants to make a group that is like the British society that the children lived in. However, Jack uses ascendancy to gain power over the kids and uses them to promote savagery. He wants total power of the boys and this action can be proved. In Chapter eleven and twelve, Jack takes Sam and Eric to his side and controls them, even through, Sam and Eric wants to be loyal to Ralph. The other boys, also not only serves him but worships as god or an idol. This even shows that savagery not always promotes anarchy but also, puts dictatorship into use. The conflict between civilization vs savagery is also shown by the novel's most significant symbols: the conch shell, which is connected with Ralph, and...