The Lost Boys of Sudan
The lost boys of Sudan did not only show courage but also perseverance when they were forced to flee their home, leaving everything behind to find safety, after their village and all their loved ones were destroyed by the war.
In 1983 the Second Sudanese Civil War took place; Arabic Muslims from the North of Sudan attacked southern villages killing more than one million civilians and leaving more than twenty thousand of boys orphaned− often referred to as the Lost Boys of Sudan−. Afraid of meeting the same fate as their families, these boys set out on a difficult journey through Africa seeking refuge.
Along the way, to survive, the boys ate leaves, wild berries and small insects and drank water from mud and even their own urine. According to Amal, one of the lost boys, planes from the United Nations and the American Red Cross would sometimes drop food for them. Despite this, many of the boys died due to starvation, dehydration or were killed by wild animals.The older children would pick up the younger ones and help them when they were too tired to walk. After two long months of walking the boys finally reacheda United Nations refugee camp in Ethiopia. They stayed there for four years; during that time they studied and learned English and made their own families−composed of 9-10 boys− every one of them looked after one another. Following the changes of government in Ethiopia, in 1991, they found themselves running for their lives once again. Chased by tanks and armed militia the boys, headed for Kenya, came in contact with the River Gilo; the river was swarmed with crocodiles and its waters were high. They rushed to it and frantically swam towards the other side, safety, but many drowned, were shot at or were eaten by crocodiles. According to the Red Cross only half of the boys that left Ethiopia survived the journey and reached the Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya safely.
The boys−as they refer to one another despite of their age¬−continued to struggle with hunger, disease and dehydration at the Kakuma camp since the United Nations and the Red Cross depends on humanitarian groups for food, shelter, medicine, water and education; also they were already struggling to help the other,over sixty thousand, refugees at the camp. According to the Red Cross “They receive subsistence-level food rations and a gallon of water a day for cleaning, cooking and drinking.”
In 1998 the U.S was willing to take four...