Life in the USA after World War I
After World War I the world was changed forever. During World War I the world rapidly transformed by new technologies and moreover, owing to them the war had a bigger affect on people; the total number of casualties was over 37 million of both, military man and civilians. World War I lasted many years and by the end there were not only millions of casualties but also millions of man who were affected by horrors of battle. War had forced the generation to grow up quickly, and for those, who had spent years in trenches, war was all they really knew. “What’s to become of us?” asked one soldier to another. “We have lived this life for so long. Now we shall have to start all over again.”
The years immediately after World War I weren’t the most serene. People were not satisfied with the established social and aesthetics conventions at the time and some young artists were trying to do something about it; they gathered to big cities, such as Chicago and San Francisco, in order to protest, exploring their own set of values, the ones that clearly went against what their elders had already established, and to make a new art. Some writers no longer felt the need to stay and went to Europe, mostly to Paris. As the Chicago and San Francisco were the center of the art and creation of new, better values, Paris became a center of literature.
The Lost Generation
According to Encyclopedia Britannica, The Lost Generation in general, was the post-World War I generation, but especially a group of U.S. writers who came of age during the war and established their literary reputations in 1920s.
As a centre of writers, who belong to the Lost Generation, was considered France. A Salon, which was in possession of Gertrude Stein, who was the leading figure of the Lost Generation. The designation also originated with her. During the Word War I. and after, when young American writers started to come to Paris Gertrude Stein has become their mentor. Writers and sometimes also other artists met up in her Salon. They all were looking for new life assurance and new ways in art and literature. Some of them stayed in European exile for longer than others who made good use of their European experience in America.
The writers were at a young age when the World War I. broke out and the experience of this period reflects on their literature works. Except this, other characteristics are: youthful idealism, lost illusions about people and love, hostile point of view at word and also distain for humanism. The most used themes are war, love, friendships and heroism. Heroism in this case means fights inside of the person for example a soldier who comes back from war. They show his broke psyche and his problems with finding the right place in society again because of what he came through. The main characters are usually poor people from streets, unlucky person or tramps.
As writers of young and bitter ‘lost generation’ we consider, among others, Ernest...