This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Magna Carta Essay

1640 words - 7 pages

The Magna Carta : Text analysis.
The Magna Carta, also known as The Great Charter, is a compendium of 63 charters firstly written in Latin by Stephen Langton the archbishop of Canterbury. He was the representative of all the Barons who acted as a group. Although, it has been translated into English in different occasions the title of the charter remains in Latin. The document was signed by King John of England, the king at the time ,on the 5th of June of 1215 on the bank of the river Thames, in the water meadows of Runnymede during the First Baron war.
This document is mainly important for two reasons. Firstly, for its significance, as it was the first attempt of the people, in this case the ...view middle of the document...

Nonetheless, when the King failed in his military campaigns, take the example of the loss of the north of France, he imposed new taxes without asking the Baron’s approval. It is important to point out that the Barons even felt compelled to start a war against the King and they supported the heir of France. As we can see, there were many reasons why the Barons along with the Church felt the need to write The Magna Carta.
On the other hand, King John was not in good terms with the Church either, because he had a dispute with Pope Innocent II. They disagreed on the election of the new archbishopric of Canterbury, one of the most influential positions of the Church at the time. The Pope wanted Stephen Langdon for the position but faced strong opposition from King John. They could not reach an agreement and the result of this quarrel was the excommunication of the King in 1209. In addition to this, the Pope banned all church services in 1207. This action angered not only the Barons but also the freeman as religion was very important because it was seen as the salvation of the soul. Needless to say that religion in medieval ages was regarded as the most important aspect in people’s life. As a consequence of this backlash the ruler attacked many times the Church, taking with him part of the Church’s wealth.
For the reason above mentioned being the unfair treatment that the Barons and the Church of England were receiving by their ruler it can be claimed that The Magna Carta is the immediate consequence against the King John’s actions, a king famous for his arrogance and cruelty
.
If we focus on the clauses we can observe that although there are a large number of clauses, up to 63, we can classify them into different groups according to the matter the clause is dealing with: the freedom of the Church,the improvement of the civil rights, ( a better treatment of the taxes paid when one had to inherit) and the setting up of righteous and fair trials.
However, after the first reading, we can claim that among others, two points wanted to be highlighted: the independence of the Church and the stoppage of the high taxes that Barons had to face.
It is not a coincidence that the first and the last clause are about the freedom of the Church. As we can read in the first chapter a strong point is made “…the English Church shall be free, and shall have her rights entire, and her liberties inviolate…”.This point is reinforced again in the last clause, the number 63. No one would dispute the fact that the Church wanted to make a clearly statement, to win back the privileges once it enjoyed. Tired of being oppressed and robbed, The Church here tries to become a separate an independent group with it owns rules and without being told what to do by any king.
The following clauses, from 2 to 12, deal with the high taxes. It was a difficult situation because they had to pay large amounts of money in different occasions. For this reason these chapters are about how to...

Find Another Essay On The Magna Carta

Magna Carta Essay

583 words - 3 pages foundation of the American democracy, as it was strongly portrayed in the document, the Declaration of Independence. In English history, ideas about political rights and good government were rooted in documents and events. For example, the Magna Carta indicated that the king and nobles must respect the law, while the English Bill of Rights stated the Parliament alone had the power to make levy taxes and government rules. Another document that created

1215 Magna carta book review

1350 words - 5 pages Danny Danziger and John Gillingham. 1215 The year Magna Carta. New York: Hodder & Stoughton general division, 2004 During the year of 1215, King John unwillingly signed the Magna Carta, a document fundamental to our concept of democracy. The Year of Magna Carta is an adventurous story of living during that time. It tells an exciting story of the Magna Carta, which begins in 1199 with John's lust for Isabelle, certainly under 15-years-old and

Magna Carta: Causes and Contents

1143 words - 5 pages "John, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Hazzard, and count of Anjou, to his archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls barons, justiciars, sheriffs, ministers, bailiffs and all his faithful men, greeting."1 So begins the most famous legal document of the Middle Ages. The Magna Carta was a product of the power struggle between King John and his barons in the year 1215. Although it was

Rights and Responsibilities in History- Magna Carta

1084 words - 5 pages The Magna Carta, a document signed almost eight hundred years ago, paved the way for the rights of citizens. Many of these rights stated in the Magna Carta shaped the formation of other Governments, such as the American Government. Those rights are ideas that many citizens take for granted today. The Magna Carta is a prime example of Rights and Responsibilities in History because of the ideas and laws it placed in England during the time. Many

Magna carta

622 words - 3 pages Signing of the Magna Carta.It guaranteed the protection of the law and trial by jury. 2.) Also guaranteed that the king could not collect money from the nobles without their approval. 3.) It set an example for later democratic developments in England and around the world. 5.) Ordinary people did not immediately benefit from the Magna Carta.System of balance to monarchsThe rule of lawDevelopment of common lawOpinion EssayA successful opinion

The impact of magna charta

1206 words - 5 pages The Impact of the Magna CartaHave you ever wondered where our past leaders got the idea for theAmerican Constitution? The rights of freedom, equality, and justice for all, whichare held sacred, were not always guaranteed for all citizens. Many weredeprived of life, liberty, and the right to own property. Others were denied publictrials and the lower class were looked upon as inferior. The Magna Carta alsoknown as the "Great Charter," was signed

The Effects of Feudalism

1453 words - 6 pages . In 1215, nobles formed an alliance and forced King John to sign a document called the Magna Carta (Ellis and Esler 247). This document did not give direct rights to the people, but it limited the king's power. The king no longer had an ultimate power of taxation (“The Middle Ages”). The Magna Carta limited him from over taxing his people. It also required trials before punishment. The Magna Carta saved the ordinary people from being taxed and

The Rule of Law

1289 words - 5 pages The Rule of Law The Magna Carta 1215 and the Bill of Rights 1688 were attempts made by people of the time to enforce the rule of law in Britain. The rule of law is a set of values or principles that are the cornerstone of our legal system. These principles are known or readily discoverable and therefore do not change without

Middle Ages Research Paper

1763 words - 8 pages The Middle Ages where a significant time period with important political, social, religious and economic events, which have shaped history since that time, and the world today. One such event that has affected the politics of the Middle Ages and now was the signing of the Magna Carta. Secondly, was the Black Death (also known as the Bubonic Plague that affected the religious, social, and economic aspects. An event that affected the

The transformation of English government: The development of a representative rule

667 words - 3 pages Continual breakdown of the Feudal Society As previously stated the feudal society began its decline prior to the year 1215 however the Magna Carta furthered this process. There were new restrictions placed upon the feudal relationship in a variety of contexts; in turn this would disperse power from the nobles to those lower in the hierarchy. One of the largest areas of impact of the Magna Carta in terms of the feudal relationship was placing

Transforming the High Middle Ages

1287 words - 5 pages another.” (Clause 8, Magna Carta) The relationship between feudal lords and their subjects was a loyal bond that required honesty, obedience, and respect by law. Women, although given numerous and expanding rights, were constantly treated as property and had little freedom. Barons and officials wrote this clause relevant to women and feudalism. The feudal system was brought and introduced to England by Normandy. This political organization distributed

Similar Essays

The Magna Carta Essay

1354 words - 5 pages The Magna Carta One of the most important documents of the Medieval Era is the “Great Charter” or Magna Carta of 1215. Signed at Runnymede, England, this document was the first to establish the common law and this was the first time a king no longer had absolute and total power. King John was known for the signing of the Magna Carta, though against his will. He was one of the more questionable and somewhat tyrannical monarchs of England and his

The Magna Carta Essay

2171 words - 9 pages Magna Carta and Its American LegacyMonday, 18-Dec-00 14:55:1224.14.28.77 writes:National Archives and Records AdministrationMagna Carta and Its American LegacyBefore penning the Declaration of Independence--the first of the American Chartersof Freedom--in 1776, the Founding Fathers searched for a historical precedent for assertingtheir rightful liberties from King George III and the English Parliament. They found it in agathering that took place

The Magna Carta: Still The Basis Of Society For Good Reasons

2193 words - 9 pages The Magna Carta was an English document that was issued on June 15, 1215 and was used for the purpose of limiting the power of the King. It was written in Latin and was the first written constitution of Europe. There were 63 clauses in the Magna Carta and many of the clauses were about property rights for the barons, however many of the benefits were only given to the rich and many people never had a voice in the British government. The Magna

The Actual Document Of The Magna Carta That Forcibly Signed By King John Put Into My Own Words As Best As Possible

4526 words - 18 pages John, by the grace of God, king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandyand Aquitaine, and count of Anjou, to the archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls,barons, justiciars, foresters, sheriffs, stewards, servants, and to all hisbailiffs and liege subjects, greeting. Know that, having regard to God and forthe salvation of our soul, and those of all our ancestors and heirs, and untothe honor of God and the advancement of holy church, and for the