The Cause Of Alzheimer's Disease Essay

1806 words - 7 pages

This research paper examines one of the most feared human diseases, which is

Alzheimer’s disease. In this research paper, the following topics are analyzed thoroughly:

description of the disease, etiology and pathogenesis, pathophysiology, symptoms and

signs, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, research, and medical glossary.

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is known to be one of the most common forms of

dementia. Dementia is a general term used to denote a wide variety range of symptoms

linked with a decline in memory and cognitive skills, severe enough to hinder a person’s

ability to carry out their normal day-to-day activities. (Alzheimer’s Association, n.d.).
According to Alzheimer’s Association, Alzheimer’s disease accounts approximately 60
to 80 percent of all cases of dementia. (Markus MacGill, 2009)
Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative disease of the brain, which slowly and inexorably
destroys nerve cells, thereby causing memory loss and cognitive impairment. In the most
severe case of Alzheimer’s disease, the patient loses all of their mental functioning and
memory. Thus, Alzheimer’s disease mainly affects the brain and spread to the different
parts of the brain that control coordination, walking, talking, etc.

In 1906, a German physician by the name of Dr. Alois Alzheimer described
Alzheimer’s disease. Dr. Alois Alzheimer had a female patient who was in her in fifties
that suffered from mental illness. However, in 1906 the patient died and an autopsy was
performed. In the autopsy, neuritic plaques were revealed around and outside the nerve
cells in her brain. Within the nerve cells, there was a presence of neurofibrillary tangles,
which is build-up of proteins that appear as part of a normal aging process. However, in
Alzheimer’s disease, the patient has far more build up of neurofibrillary tangles than a
person who does not have the disease. (THE BRAIN FROM TOP TO BOTTOM, n.d.)

The cause of Alzheimer’s disease is unknown, but according to researchers, there
are several risk factors that are associated with its development. Some of the risk factors
include aging and genetics. Aging is known to be the most significant type of risk factor
for such disease. This disease occurs most often in the elderly, but can still occur in
younger people. Genetics is also a risk factor one to develop the disease. Even though,
most cases of Alzheimer’s disease is not hereditary, the small percentage of cases are
correlated with the genes that are specific to cause the inherited form of the disease.
There are genetic testing available, but they are not widely available in Canada. The
genetic testing is mainly available for those individuals who have a strong family history
of the disease. (Alzheimer's Disease, 2013)

There are screening tests available to determine whether a person may be at risk
for Alzheimer’s disease. Some of the screening procedures include Mini-mental state
exam (MMSE), mini-cog, and mood...

Find Another Essay On The Cause of Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer's and the effects. This is a informative piece of writing explaining Alzheimer's and the effects of the disease.

525 words - 2 pages Alzheimer's is a disease of the brain that causes a loss in memory. This results in dementia, loss of brain functions (thinking, remembering, and reasoning) severe enough to interfere with everyday life. When German physician, Alois Alzheimer, first described the disease in 1907, it was thought to be rare. Today, Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia, affecting 10% of people 65 years old, and nearly 50% of those age 85 or

Large Amounts of Glutamine as the Cause of Disease

2067 words - 8 pages Neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease are caused by the aggregation of abnormal proteins in neurons. An essential component of cellular function is the correct assimilation of proteins in the cell. Proteins fold into specific structures and then carry out cellular functions. However, when this folding process runs amuck, abnormal proteins are introduced into the cell. In neurodegenerative diseases, these

Alzheimer's Disease, "The Disease of the Century". 7 page paper on the history, causes, effects and research on the disease. Includes citation in apa format

1470 words - 6 pages "senile dementia" or "pre-senile dementia". Dementia refers to the lost of mental health. The term "senile" means old. "Pre-Senile" refers to those patients less than 65 years of age. ( on brain cells that take the form of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles cause Alzheimer's Disease. Healthy brain tissue is normally arranged in an organized pattern. These knots and tangles throw the brain into mass

Contrast the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease with those of Parkinson's disease. What causes these different symptoms and how does this affect the treatment of these disorders?

3174 words - 13 pages Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by abnormal clumps (amyloid plaques) and tangled bundles of fibres (neurofibrillary tangles) composed of misplaced proteins in the brain. It is by far the most common cause of dementia (Please see Fig. 1). First described and named after the German neurologist Alois Alzheimer, it can occur sporadically, or in a genetic form called Familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD

Cause and Prevention of Lawn Grass Disease

852 words - 3 pages Every lawn eventually becomes the victim of lawn grass disease from the well-manicured expanse of the golf course to the sometimes-neglected backyard. This problem is devastating for the landowner following a large investment in establishing and caring for his turfgrass. However, the destruction of lawn grass infection is not beyond repair. General Cause and Prevention Lawn diseases, like human diseases, infect susceptible hosts. Similarly

The Contribution of Science to Advancement to the Cause of Disease in Nineteenth Century

1641 words - 7 pages The Contribution of Science to Advancement to the Cause of Disease in Nineteenth Century The evolving level of scientific knowledge was a major contributing factor to the advancement of causes of disease. The first step to the advancement of the causes of disease was the discovery of micro-organisms. If we go back to the late 1600's, a Dutch clockmaker by the named of Anthony van Leeuwenhoek made one of the first

Finding A Way Out. A cause and effect paper on the disease of addiction...

845 words - 3 pages seek escape from the reality of life on life's terms and hide in a world of self-destruction with the use and abuse of drugs. From the causes of, to the effects brought forth, there is a way out of active addiction.The disease of addiction can be brought on from many different circumstances in life. Forms of abuse, including sexual abuse, physical abuse and even mental abuse are triggers that could cause someone to seek escape from their emotions

The Effect of Alzheimer's on Elders

1363 words - 6 pages Imagine a life where one does not recognize his family or friends. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia. It is an escalating disease that damages mental function and memory. Symptoms of the disease usually begin slowly and worsen over time, interfering with daily tasks and one’s lifestyle. Alzheimer’s is the third leading cause of death. It has become “a significant health problem in the last twenty five years because of

Should everyone over 65 be screened for Alzheimer's disease in the UK?

1000 words - 4 pages What is Alzheimer’s disease? Alzheimer's disease, discovered by German neurologist Alois Alzheimer, is the most common form of dementia and affects approximately 496,000 people in the UK. In the early stages of the disease sufferers experience lapses of memory and have problems finding the correct words. As the disease progresses they may suffer from confusion and frequent forgetfulness, mood swings and frustration of their increasing memory

My sickness, your saviour!!!- creative short story for my biology class explaining the Alzheimer's disease.

848 words - 3 pages Having a mental disorder is one of the worst things that can happen to you. Unfortunately I am one of the people who got a mental illness. I got the Alzheimer's disease, which is one of the most mysterious mental diseases. It is a progressive brain disorder that makes me have short term memory problems. This is how my doctor explains it. It's kind of strange that I got this disease because usually it attacks people who are over the age of 65

The Cause of Phobias

1123 words - 4 pages The Cause of Phobias Thesis: We are not born with phobias – a phobia is learnt because it has become associated with an object or an experience that is unpleasant. According to the behaviourist, a phobia has to be learnt. This can happen in one of two ways: classical or operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is where an object/experience becomes associated with something unpleasant or causes pain/fear

Similar Essays

Cause, Pathology And Treatment Of Alzheimer's Disease

738 words - 3 pages Cause, Pathology and Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease Growing up in the 80's I remember my mother questioning President Reagan's politics, policies, morality, and even his sanity. Though I would not wish a debilitating disease on anyone, I had to laugh at the irony when I heard Reagan had Alzheimer's Disease(AD). To think that his "I do not recall" line during the Contra scandal may have been true! The idea of the President of

The Causes And Effects Of Alzheimer's Disease

915 words - 4 pages The cause of Alzheimer's is the slowly progressing destruction of nerve cells in the brain. In reality it is natural to loose a certain number of nerve cells during ageing but this loss occurs much more rapidly in people suffering from Alzheimer's disease. As a result the brain of the patient does not function normally. In some cases the disease is caused by genetic mutations. In these cases symptoms usually occur before the age of 60 and take

The Role Of Genetics In Alzheimer's Disease

3008 words - 12 pages chromosomes 21, 14 and 1 showed no relationship to what was happening in the late-onset form of Alzheimer's, also known as sporadic Alzheimer's disease, scientists did not stop looking for ones that did. With this type being the most common, researchers were really striving to find the cause and a way to treat it or even cure it. During their research they found that their main focus of study would be on the area around chromosome 19. While those

The Role Of Gamma Secretase In Alzheimer's Disease

1124 words - 4 pages Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common known degenerative disorder, also the leading cause of dementia. (AD) is the admission of plaques, mostly containing 40-42 amino acid amyloid β-peptide (Aβ). (Aβ) is created by successive cleavage of β-amyloid precursor protein also identified as APP by two proteases γ-secretase and β-secretase. A third protease α- secretase, cleaves APP inside the Aβ domain and consequently prevents Aβ development