"The Most Important Reason Why There Was Little Opposition In Germany Towards The Nazi Regime Was Its Use Of Propaganda" How Far Do You Agree With This Statement?

1207 words - 5 pages

During World War 2, propaganda was used by nations on both sides to shape public opinion and build or increase loyalty. The Nazis used propaganda to promote Nazism, anti-Semitism and the ideology of the Aryan race as the master race. In my opinion they took it to a new and perverse level."Propaganda attempts to force a doctrine on the whole people...........Propaganda works on the general public from the standpoint of an idea and makes them ripe for the victory of this idea."Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)Hitler, who was well aware of the value of good propaganda appointed Joseph Goebbels as minister of Propaganda and National Enlightenment in 1933. Joseph Goebbels saw he's duty as twofold. He had to ensure that nobody in Germany could see, hear or read anything that was hostile or damaging to the Nazi party. While also making certain that the views of the Nazis were put across in the most persuasive and convincing manner possible.To ensure success, Goebbels formed the Reich chamber of commerce in 1933. The organization controlled the Radio, the Press and all aspects of culture such as films, literature, art and the theatre. Goebbels said "The essence of propaganda consists in winning people over to an idea so sincerely, so vitally that in the end they succumb to it utterly and can never escape." Only those belonging to the Reich chamber of commerce could produce or publish anything and the Nazis decided who joined and who didn't.However, this meant that Goebbels had to work with the SS, Gestapo and Albert Speer. The latter helped Goebbels with public displays of propaganda while the former hunted out those who could print or publish items defamatory and against the Nazis or Hitler. This meant that the German public could only read, hear and see what Hitler and the Nazis wanted them to read, hear and see. This was the manner in which he controlled their views and opinions."Propaganda is not an end in itself, but a means to an end. If the means achieves the end then the means is good......the new ministry has no other aim than to unite the nation behind the ideal of the national revolution" - GoebbelsNazis made great use of visual arts to influence German attitudes. Newspapers in Germany, mainly Der Stuermer (The Attacker), printed cartoons that used anti-Semitic caricatures to depict Jews as an inferior race. Journalists were also told what to write in newspapers.Broadcasters were told what to say on radio and because Hitler gave many speeches on the radio, the Nazis made sure radios were so cheap that every German had one. In Germany the broadcasters also used popular and traditional songs to reinforce the sense of national pride. The Germans also used the radio to broadcast propaganda to Britain, in the English language, in an effort to make the British people more favourable to the Nazi cause.Books that taught or went against the Nazi ideals were burnt in public. The Nazi censors also burned the books of Helen Keller, who had overcome her deafness...

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