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The Major Causes Of The Civil War

916 words - 4 pages

During the early nineteenth century the United States began to split, but at the middle of the century people views started to become more concrete and so separation in the Union became more drastic. From 1850 to 1861 it was apparent that the union was separating into the North and the South. The Constitution played a major role in the separation that was occurring. Through sectional favoritism of bits and pieces of the Constitution and through ideas that were left out of it, the Constitution led to sectional discord and nearly the failure of the union.
A major issue that caused major sectional discord was the constitutionality of slavery. In the constitution there was no mention of slavery of fears that it would divide the nation, but this very idea did cause division. Also, because of the absence of slavery many compromises and new ideas needed to be made and reinforced so that they could last. A major compromise that was reached involving slavery was the compromise of 1850. The constitutionality of this compromise was being disputed. This compromise was the first to create sectionalism in the union (Document A). It also created disunity and led to hot tempers and other events. Another piece of the compromise was a more stringent fugitive slave laws. To Southerners this piece of the compromise was beneficial to them because they lost many slaves to the Underground Railroad. On the other hand though some Northerners disliked this stricter law and refused to enforce the law. Bostonian officials even went to the lengths of making posters warning slaves to watch out for police officers because they were instructed to capture them even though they didn’t want to enforce the stricter law (Document C). Also, they didn’t want to enforce the law because of the great debate that occurring over the compromise itself. Another thing Northerners did was speak out against the law saying that if an immoral law is ordained by the Constitution that it ordains disunion (Document D). They also saw the law as something that enacted the crime of kidnapping and also as something that wasn’t covered in the Constitution. The whole compromise led to the rapid settlement of Kansas and Nebraska because the Compromise of 1850 led to the Kansas-Nebraska Act. This rapid settlement was because in both Kansas and the Nebraska the issue over slavery would be determined by popular sovereignty. This rapid settlement led to Bleeding Kansas where a series of violent events occurred. Both sides of Slavery fought for control over the state of the Kansas Territory. The Democrats tried to force slavery upon free soilers who came to not allow slavery in Kansa because it was a new...

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