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The Management Development Methods: Issues, And Discussion Around How Make An Effective Management Development Program

2473 words - 10 pages

IntroductionI.The management development methodsA.The formal methodsB.The informal methodsII.Are formal methods appropriate to an effective management development program?A.The issues of methods usedB.An effective management development programConclusionReferences and bibliography-------------------------------------------------------Introduction'Given the varied nature of managerial work and the wide range of individual strengths and weaknesses which every manager brings to it, there are some strong advocates of the view that formal approaches (to management development) are simply inappropriate' (Storey and Tate, 2000: p. 208).This quote translates the difficulty of defining what management is and what the best way to apply it is. In fact, management is not simply something that you learn and you apply afterwards. It is a mixture of formal and informal methods of managing people. But, it is also something more sensitive, you need to have some personal skills, some feelings or instincts which can not be taught.(Occupational Psychology, Kotter).This can emerge from past experiences as well because we learn more from our experiences (not only from work experiences but from life experiences as well) than from taught knowledge. 'I learn to be a manager from experience'.(Mumford, 2000)Then, why is it so complicated to manage people? The reason is there is not only one way to manage people but a multitude of ways. Everybody is different, he/she acts and reacts differently to the same situation. There are a lot of variables which intervene like character, knowledge, past experience...Moreover, the environment of the work very much influences the form and the efficiency of the management which is applied. Indeed, there were a lot of changes in the way of managing people, because the structure of the company has changed (restructuring, re-engineering, downsizing...), the market has changed as well (globalisation, decentralisation, deregulation...), the culture has changed (feminisation; psychological contract...). The manager has to internalise all these variables to be able to produce a greater managerial work, adapted to his/her audience. The achievement of the objectives depends, to a great extent, on the way the management is applied.However, we have to emphasise that 'management and managing involves all individuals at all levels non managerial (by title) employees'. That is to say that management is not reserved to an elite, each person takes part in the managerial work.Thus, we can propose a definition of management:'Management is the process of achieving organisational objectives, within a changing environment, by balancing efficiency, effectiveness and equity, obtaining the most from limited resources, and working with and through other people'(Naylor, 1999: p.6).The author will try to analyse and evaluate the different methods used to manage people. Then, she will examine the issues which brought about the debate and finally, she will try to...

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