This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Manhattan Project: Dawn Of The Atomic Age

1534 words - 6 pages

The Manhattan Project: Dawn of the Atomic AgeThe Manhattan Project was the US and British led project that, during World War II, developed the first atomic bomb. The project ended up costing $2 Billion ($28 billion in 2008 based on the CPI (Wikipedia Manhattan)) and involving 175,000 people at four different sites. Many famous people worked on the project including 5 Nobel Prize winners and 3 future Nobel Prize winners (Szasz). The end result of this project was the development of the two most powerful weapons ever used during a war.The project has its roots in the early 1900s when human understanding of the atom grew. Before this time, that atom was though to be a homogenous, undividable mass. The back-to-back discoveries of radium, the X ray, the electron, the proton, the neutron, as well as alpha, beta, and gamma rays changed this view forever. These new discoveries fueled new research. One of the many studies was on uranium, the largest and most complex of the natural elements. This was done in an attempt to find a new source of energy (Szasz).In the 1930s, several parallel discoveries advanced the study of the atom and introduced the world to fission and all the possibilities inherent in it. In 1933, the Hungarian scientist Leo Szilard postulated that if the right material was found and its atom could be split and made to release neutrons, a self sustaining fission reaction could be formed and nuclear power could be created. During that same year, French scientists Irène Joliot-Curie and her husband Frédéric Joliot discovered artificial radioactivity and a scientist in Rome, Enrico Fermi, split the atom. The term fission was first used when two German scientists, Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann, split Uranium into Barium and Krypton (Szasz).The seeds of the Manhattan Project were planted when two scientists, Lise Meitner and Otto Frisch applied Albert Einstein's famous equation E=MC2 (E = energy, m = mass, and c = the speed of light). Since c, the constant in the equation, is 186,000 mi/sec and the equation is squared, a small mass can produce an unbelievable amount of energy. And given that fission reactions can become chain reactions, the implication was that a lot of energy could be produced (Szasz).The US project to create the atomic bomb started with "The Uranium Committee". The committee in and of itself was the evolution of three other projects, the "Briggs Advisory Committee on Uranium", the "The MAUD committee" and the "S-1" project (Wikipedia Manhattan).The Briggs Advisory Committee on Uranium was formed by the direct order of President Roosavelt in 1939 and headed up by Lyman James Briggs and charged with finding reliable sources of uranium ore, developing a mass-production method of weaponizing uranium, making fission bombs, and generating usable power from fission reactions (Wikipedia S-1).The MAUD (Military Application of Uranium Detonation) committee was formed in Britain in 1940. This committee issued the...

Find Another Essay On The Manhattan Project: Dawn of the Atomic Age

The Manhattan Project Essay

949 words - 4 pages The Atomic Bomb The research for the first Atomic bomb took place in the United States, by a group of nuclear engineers; the name of this research was called, “The Manhattan Project”. On July 16, 1945, the detonation of the first atomic bomb was tested near Los Alamos, New Mexico. As the atomic bomb was detonated, it sent shock-waves across the globe, which demonstrated that nuclear power would forever change the meaning of war. To create

The Manhattan Project Essay

942 words - 4 pages The Manhattan Project By: Kyle Layton A young industrial nation embedded deep with in the heart of the second, world war was desperate for a leading edge. Flirting with the possibility of harnessing an enormous amount of energy to gain control of the opposition. A question that has been debated before such power was even conceivable. If it is possible, how was it made and should it been used.The atomic age was born on August 6, 1945, a b-29

The Manhattan Project

1958 words - 8 pages . As it turned out, Sengier had been hoarding uranium since the start political tension between Germany and everybody else, knowing that the material was critical in the making of atomic weapons. He hid one secret stockpile of eight tons of uranium oxide in French Morocco and another stockpile of 1,250 tons of uranium ore at Staten Island, which was eventually purchased by Nichols for the Manhattan Project. Historylearningsite.co.uk

The Manhattan Project

2098 words - 8 pages The process of building the two atomic bombs was long and hard. The Manhattan project employed 120,000 people, and cost almost $2 billion. Although there were 120,000 Americans working on the project only a select group of scientist knew of the atomic bomb development. Vice president Truman never knew about the development of the bombs until he became president. The axis powers did not know what was going on with the development of the atomic

The Manhattan Project - 1015 words

1015 words - 4 pages alert President Roosevelt of the potential problem if the Germans perfect this before the Americans can. This led to a secret project to be headed by General Groves to build an atomic bomb. This project was named the "Manhattan Project." For this project to be successful either plutonium or uranium must be produced and enriched. In Washington the team worked to produce plutonium and in Tennessee, uranium 235 is enriched in 1944. The first tested

The Manhattan Project - 586 words

586 words - 3 pages The first nuclear weapon was made during the years 1941 – 1945 by The Manhattan Project, which was the code name for the United States' concealed organization to acquire atomic artillery for use in military action, it was a panoramic duty for the people, geographic locations and assets involved in atomic investigation during World War II. It was titled after the Manhattan Engineer U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, because much of the early

The Manhattan Project - 2030 words

2030 words - 9 pages The Manhattan ProjectOn the morning of August 6, 1945, a B-29 bomber named EnolaGay flew over the industrial city of Hiroshima, Japan and dropped thefirst atomic bomb ever. The city went up in flames caused by theimmense power equal to about 20,000 tons of TNT. The project was asuccess. They were an unprecedented assemblage of civilian, andmilitary scientific brain power--brilliant, intense, and young, thepeople that helped develop the bomb

The Manhattan Project - 2804 words

2804 words - 11 pages research, partly to ensure that no one else would learn about their work and partly to keep them from questioning its larger implications.Project Objectives, Funding, and Organizational StructureThe Manhattan Project was designated to research, development and construction of an operable atomic bomb for military use. Once convinced this was the proper course of action, President Roosevelt wanted the bomb built in spite of wartime manpower and resource

The Manhattan Project

1968 words - 8 pages was wasted as hesitation occurred in regards to the safety of using an atomic bomb. Conferences were then held in the summer of 1942 and it was determined that a central location was needed to manage the research and development of the atomic bomb. Thus leading to the start of what we know as the Manhattan project today. The Manhattan Project involved a total of over thirty different research and production facilities, but was mostly carried

The Manhattan Project

1523 words - 6 pages The Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project was the code name of the America’s attempt to construct an atomic bomb during World War II. It was named after the Manhattan Engineer District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, because a lot of it’s earlier research was done in New York City. An atomic bomb is a weapon that uses the energy from a nuclear reaction called Fission for its destruction. The idea that mass could be changed into

The New Manhattan Project

1441 words - 6 pages The number one source of power in the World is coal power plants. The coal is burned in order to produce the electricity needed to power most everything. Along with producing power, coal power plants also emit sodium dioxide, nitrogen oxide, dust particles, and carbon dioxide.Nuclear power plants do not emit any of these things. All of the compounds emitted by coal power plants are major contributor to global warming because they are

Similar Essays

The Manhattan Project, The Development Of The Atomic Bomb

1192 words - 5 pages . The seed for the Manhattan Project, as the development of the atomic bomb became called (codenamed Manhattan Engineer District, or MED), was planted. However, knowledge of the United States' new weapon was not to be widespread. The Manhattan Project was kept secret via the top secret designation, compartmentalization, and informing the least number of people.General Leslie R. Groves headed the Manhattan Project almost from its inception in 1942

Phencyclidine: The Dawn Of A New Age

3125 words - 13 pages Phencyclidine: The Dawn of a New Age April, 1956 : The pharmaceutical company Parke & Davis first synthesize what they believe to be the perfect anesthetic (Souza, 1995). When administered to patients, it causes a completely dissociative state, with no significant respiratory or cardiovascular depression. Patients appear to be awake, eyes open, breathing normally.but are unaware of their surroundings or the procedures being performed upon

The Manhattan Project Essay 1489 Words

1489 words - 6 pages The Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project was to see if making an atomic bomb possible. The success of this project would forever change the world forever making it known that something this powerful can be manmade. The Manhattan Project’s success was something that had an impact on everybody involved since they helped create something with so much destructive power it could destroy a city within seconds. The University of Chicago in

The Manhattan Project Essay 2266 Words

2266 words - 10 pages contended after Nagasaki but would have saved fewer than 50,000" (Bernstien). The American people were slow to realize the barbarity of World War two, mainly the mass killings. It redefined morality and the dropping of the bombs that had brought in the atomic age in a frightening way. Because the Manhattan Project and the dropping of the first atomic bombs, "America was not morally unique--just technologically exceptional"(Bernstien). People only