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The Manipulation Of America: How The Jackson Era Changed Us All

1043 words - 5 pages

When you think of the time period of President Andrew Jackson (known best as the Jackson, or Jacksonian Era), where does your mind take you? Does it prompt you to consider the tales of Andrew Jackson himself, or do you think of the influence his presidency held on America? When it comes to this paper, I will discuss how the Jackson Era changed the American economy, public policy, and society of the time.
To start with, I will talk about the economy. Andrew Jackson and his followers were strong proponents that freedom from debt was key in establishing a free republic and that, without debt, the people would be free from the burdens of creditors (Remini). With this conviction he began ...view middle of the document...

Next, he worked on extracting the federal governments’ deposits from the Bank and transferring them into selected state-chartered banks. When the Treasury Secretary William John Duane refused to either execute the removal of these deposits or resign, Jackson fired him and replaced him with Roger Taney, who then executed the order (Miller Center). When this occurred Biddle reacted by manipulating the credit in efforts to force a charter. These actions validated Jackson’s plans and enabled him to progress with his plans. Jackson’s heavy-handed approach to dealing with the Bank made him enemies in the Congress, who then formed a political party known as the Whigs (Andrew Jackson).
Another economic action taken by Andrew Jackson was the issuance of “specie circular” or hard money, forged from gold and silver (Miller Center). He did this in 1836 in an effort to replace paper currency and to remove the hands of a few wealthy, unelected private bankers from the levers of the nation’s economy (Jacksonian Democracy). Another reason was to restrain the speculative balloon that was growing because of the relatively unconstrained lending by the newly rich banks to people who were speculating in the sales of the government's western lands. The use of hard money to purchase federal lands worked too well in restricting the balloon, instead causing it to pop. This resulted in the Panic of 1837, just as Jackson was leaving office (Remini).
Besides his work on the economy, Jackson also is known for his work on public policy. The basic part of his policy was to rid the government of class biases and to divest the top-down, credit-driven engines of the market revolution (Jackson Democracy). Part of this effort goes back to his dismantling of the Bank. He also believed that social schisms and inequities were cultivated rather than fixed by governmental intervention. Through these beliefs, he adopted laissez-faire as the policy most conducive to economic equality and political liberty (Miller Center). Another one of his public policies was on the Indian Removal.
When Jackson had first taken office the relations between the southern Indian...

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