This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Marshall Islands And Us Military Nuclear Testing

1764 words - 7 pages

Bikini Atoll is one of 29 atolls and five islands that make up the Marshall Islands (“A Short History”). Located in Micronesia, Bikini Atoll played a major role in World War II. Originally taken by the Japanese and used as a lookout point, it was later captured by U.S. forces in a battle that took place in its neighboring Kwajalein Atoll (“A Short History”). This would crush the Japanese hold on the Marshall Islands. After the war, President Truman recognized the importance of the Marshall Islands and its location in the Pacific. The Truman Administration wanted to enhance the countries knowledge on the effects of nuclear weapons on its ships and equipment. Until that point, nuclear testing was done on the behavior of nuclear weapons.
During the summer of 1946, a joint task force was given the mission to test the effects of nuclear radiation on ships, equipment and material. Formed in the winter of 1946, Joint Task Force 1 was made up of Navy, Army and civilian personnel (“Operation Crossroads, 1946”). The test was done using two atomic bombs, ABLE and BAKER. The target, was a fleet of 71 to 90 ships, depending on the source, and was made up of older U.S. ships and captured German and Japanese ships the first detonation in the series was named ABLE. ABLE was a 23 kt air burst that would fall short and to the left of its target resulting in only 5 ships being destroyed (“Operation Crossroads”). Experts determined the radiation was low enough to only require a couple of days before a crew could board the vessels and do their research. The BAKER detonation would be a similar weapon with only slight modifications to allow it to be suspended underwater. Anchored to the LSM-60, a landing ship, the BAKER detonation would test the effects of a subsurface blast. Similar to ABLE, this was a 23kt weapon. After its detonation, it destroyed 8 ships and damaged 8 more (“Operation Crossroads”). What was discovered with BAKER was that most of the ships were washed with highly radiated waters that came from the blast. The radiation levels were so high that it took weeks before any team could move out to do any kind of assessment. The aftermath of both the detonations would leave Bikini Atoll uninhabitable to this day. The 167 Bikini natives that were displaced were never allowed to return to their home. Presently, some Bikini natives have relocated to nearby islands in the Marshall Island systems. Radio Bikini documented how naïve the world was about nuclear weapons.
Robert Stone.
Robert Stone is an English born filmmaker who moved to the United States to attend and graduate from the University of Wisconsin/Madison (“Biography”). After receiving his degree in History, he moved to New York City to make a career as a film maker. Radio Bikini would be Robert Stones first documentary film, produced in 1987 it would premier in the Sundance Film Festival and gains him recognition as the film was nominated for both an Oscar and an Emmy (“Biography”).
Kilon Buano and...

Find Another Essay On The Marshall Islands and US Military Nuclear Testing

The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing in the US

1508 words - 6 pages Most students, by the time they reach college, have taken numerous MCA tests (Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments), NWEA tests (Northwest Evaluation Association), and either an ACT test (American College Testing) or SAT test (Scholastic Assessment Test), depending on which region of the United States they are from. Webster’s defines a standardized test as “any test in which the same test is given in the same manner to all test takers.” Every

Public Education and Standarized Testing in the US

1607 words - 7 pages 3rd – 8th grade use New York State Testing Program and high school students take regent examinations. Students from Pennsylvania take Pennsylvania System of State Assessments which is now being replaced by a more challenging test called the Keystone Exams in grades 3rd – 8th and 11th in high school . Each state are criterion-referenced test, thus, your child will only compete against him or herself, rather than be

The Marshall Plan and Accomplishments of George Marshall

667 words - 3 pages George C. Marshall was an essential player in the mid twentieth century. His military expertise and planning abilities led us to victory in world war two. The same made the Marshall plan so effective in reviving Europe’s down economy and standard of living. As secretary of state and defense his leadership skills and reputation as an honest man made him the perfect fit for the job. To say the least, George Marshall had a vast influence over

The Dangers of Military Biological Testing

1776 words - 7 pages 1949 and 1969, the military admits to having conducted 239 open-air tests over populated areas in the United States. Testing has taken place in the San Francisco Bay area, New York City, and Washington, D.C., as well as in areas such as Hampton Roads, Virginia and Panama City, Florida. These open-air tests occur without the knowledge, or the consent, of both the general population and public officials and in fact, constitute a silent but

Culture And Environment In The Fiji Islands

462 words - 2 pages The Fiji Islands, officially the Republic of Fiji Islands, is an independent island nation in the southern Pacific Ocean, located approximately 1,900 miles northeast of Sydney, Australia, and approximately 3,100 miles southwest of Honolulu, Hawaii at 16-20˚ S latitude and 178˚E - 178˚W longitude. Fiji is often referred to as the hub of the Pacific. This hospitable land contains more than 300 islands, lagoons, lush forests, and

Culture of America and The British Islands

5458 words - 22 pages of State represented by the Governon General-Australia, Tuvalu, Solomon Islands, New Zealand.8.Define the concept of 'special relationship' in the British foreign policy-USA and UK share the world's largest foreign direct investment partnership-USA is the largest single investor in the UK and vice versaFor Britain:-concern to maintain American military and security commitment to Europe and NATO-concern its own in bargaining with the EUFor USA

Comparing the Old and Present Galapagos Islands

1173 words - 5 pages of surveying the South American coast, the Beagle reached San Cristobal (Chatham) in September 1835. The Beagle spent 5 weeks in the Galapagos carefully charting the archipelago. Fitz Roy's chart was remarkably accurate and remained in use until the U.S.S. Bowditch recharted the area in 1942.In the meantime, Darwin made careful observations about both the geology and biology of the islands. Darwin was particularly struck by the" differences

Technological Advancement in the US Military

1148 words - 5 pages military technology are far beyond the minds of any regular person. The US military now has in its possession, nuclear missiles able to explode countries to bits and pieces. There are thousands of different bombs, explosives and missiles used such as Bunker Busters, Cruise Missiles, Smart Bombs, E-Bombs (Which destroy electricity that any given war machine depends on), Dirty Bombs, Massive Ordinance Air Bust Bombs, Sidewinder Missiles, Stinger Missiles

Private Military Fighting For the US

2173 words - 9 pages to 1:7 in World War II. Operations Desert Storm and Desert Shield both heavily relied on saving money with PMCs because of the steep budget cliff at the time. The draft wasn’t quite enough and PMCs, although non-combatant, proved to be worthy for the US. Privatizing expanded quickly and there are now more private contractors overseas than military personnel (Moody). Even after being around since the founding of our nation, there

History of Women in The US Military

1600 words - 6 pages Introduction Today in the United States military we are seeing more women become a part of the armed forces and serving our country. For me I believe this to be an accomplishment for women who chose to work in a field that is overly dominated and run by men. As for the world there are only 3% of women that make up the worlds military personnel(Herrmann, I., & Palmieri, D. 2010).There are some aspects of women being in the military and serving

John Marshall and the Supreme Court

843 words - 3 pages Chief Justice John Marshall made the Supreme Court what it is today with the help of the case of Marbury vs. Madison. He wrote the decision for "the most monumental case ever decided by any court in any country" (Glennon). Judicial review, and Chief Justice John Marshall, earned the Supreme Court the respect and prestige it carries today. Marshall had several qualities that gave him the power and respect to succeed in making a

Similar Essays

History Of The Marshall Islands Essay

1766 words - 7 pages Islands land had no alarming value to the U.S. , but what the U.S. wanted wasthe great military location and also a small secluded place to test nuclear weapons. Sopretty much from the late 1940's to the present a lot of the history has been the nucleartesting on the island.The first test came in 1946. The U.S. had the Navy evacuate 167 Bikini Islandersto Rongerik, 125 miles away to the east. They were going to test atomic-bombs the samesize of

Nuclear Testing: The Aftermath Essay

1174 words - 5 pages were conducted at the Nevada Test Site. Another site that was used for testing were the Marshall Islands which were used extensively for nuclear testing. Even with all the extensive testing being done, competition on creating a newer, more powerful, and sophisticated bomb arose due to tensions between the U.S. and Soviet Union. This eventually led to the U.S. becoming the first country to test a hydrogen bomb in 1952. This new and “improved

Genetic Testing And The Us Healthcare System

2442 words - 10 pages system now has a new “molecular toolkit” at its disposal. Specifically, the availability of genetic testing has made it feasible to diagnose and determine the risk of disease before the actual onset, and therefore reduce our dependence upon costly medical procedures. Thus, to address our concerns of spiraling healthcare costs and inequity in healthcare distribution, I propose the widespread use of genetic testing in the US healthcare system. What

Terrorism, Military Force And Nuclear Power

918 words - 4 pages States’ response to the attacks on 9/11/01 by sending troops to Afghanistan, which launched the “War on Terrorism” lead by the US. The most obvious example of deterrence in a sense of security is a nuclear deterrent. States like Iran and North Korea have become or are steps away from becoming a nuclear power, which will increase their military capabilities in order to deter any other state from invading or attacking them because the cost of a