This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Martyr And The Hero: Comparion Of Arthur Miller´S The Crucible And Nathanial Hawthrone The Scarlet Letter

868 words - 4 pages

Arthur Miller’s The Crucible and Nathanial Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter share remarkable parallels not only in their examination of early Puritan America, but also in the dilemma of the two main male characters, John Proctor and Arthur Dimmesdale. Both these men had sinful relations with another member of the town, and must deal with the adversity that resulted from their sin. Although both John Proctor and Reverend Dimmesdale become hypocrites in their society, Proctor overcomes his sin and is able to redeem himself, while Dimmesdale’s pride and untimely death prevent him from fully experiencing redemption.
Perhaps the greatest link connecting both Dimmesdale and Proctor is their sin, and the guilt and self-loathing that follow. For Proctor, his whole life as an upstanding man of Salem is destroyed by his one moment of sinfulness and he later laments to his wife, “I cannot mount the gibbet like a saint. It is a fraud. I am not that man… My honesty is broke,” (Crucible 136). Dimmesdale likewise sees himself as a fraud as he reflects, “I should long ago have thrown off these garments of mock holiness, and have shown myself to mankind as they will see me at the judgment-seat” (Scarlet 188). The loathing with which these men view hypocrites is only matched by the loathing they feel towards themselves for their own hypocrisy. Miller, when first introducing Proctor, describes “that he [has] a sharp and biting way with hypocrites,” and Hawthorne highlights Dimmesdale’s stance on hypocrisy as when he shouts to Hester “What can thy silence do for him, except it tempt him —yea, compel him, as it were —to add hypocrisy to sin," (Crucible 20, Scarlet 65). Dimmesdale makes a distinction between hypocrisy and sin, but believes that they are equal in severity. The amount of respect they both command in their respective towns only further perpetuates their feelings of guilt, making their pride itself a burden.
John Proctor, although facing similar struggles as Dimmesdale, is inherently different due to the force of his strength, both of body and character. In contrast to the fainthearted Dimmesdale, Proctor deals with his mistake in anger. His pride and self-respect wounded, he behaves like a wounded beast, lashing out instead of suppressing his anger. Incited by the trials Proctor shouts “I will curse her hotter than the oldest cinder in hell. But pray, begrudge me not my anger,” (Crucible 62). When speaking with Reverend Parris, Proctor becomes enraged, and when confronted by Abigale he again becomes agitated and lashes out....

Find Another Essay On The Martyr and the Hero: Comparion of Arthur Miller´s The Crucible and Nathanial Hawthrone The Scarlet Letter

Intolerance and Hysteria in Arthur Miller´s The Crucible

729 words - 3 pages Adapting From Page to Screen The Crucible, play and movie, do an exquisite job of displaying the utter turmoil within Salem and other towns held together by Puritanism. In both interpretations of the story, intolerance and hysteria leads Salem down the path of disintegration. Arthur Miller comments on why he wrote such a story: “Upham had not only written a broad and thorough investigation of what was even then an almost lost chapter of Salem's

Arthur Dimmesdale Sins in the Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthrone

1198 words - 5 pages In Nathaniel Hawthorne’s novel The Scarlet Letter, Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale falls in love with Hester Prynne and commits adultery. Although Hester is punished for her sin and is forced to wear the ‘A’ on her bosom for the rest of her life, Dimmesdale conceals his sin to the public because he is fearful of ruining his saintly image by voicing his secret. Throughout the novel, Dimmesdale is responsible for two sins, one of his adultery with

The Tragic Hero of The Crucible by Arthur Miller

1414 words - 6 pages The Tragic Hero of The Crucible   A tragedy should bring fear and pity to the reader. A man in this tragedy should not be exceptionally righteous, but his faults should come about because of a certain irreversible error on his part. This man should find a bad or fatal ending to add to the tragedy of the story, for this man in the tragic hero. The protagonist John Proctor portrays a tragic hero in The Crucible; his hamartia of adultery

Metaphors in Arthur Miller´s The Crucible

639 words - 3 pages The Crucible may seem like a story solely about the Salem Witch Trials, however, it a story of false theocratic power, uncertainty, and war. Arthur Miller focused on explaining his time period, the late 1940s to the mid-1950s, to stress the corruption occurring in Washington and society. He was a writer of truth and openness and was not afraid to shed his opinion to the public, whether it made him popular or not. Arthur successfully

The Crucible, Arthur Miller

1904 words - 8 pages There are three main points about Proctor, which greatly contribute to his effectiveness throughout the play. Proctor is arguably the main character or at least a character with a very full role in the play. Taking advantage of this, Miller used Proctor in a largely rounded role to make the play a one of drama and suspense. He is most unlike the majority of the other flat characters so we can relate to him well as a member of the audience

The Crucible by Arthur Miller and McCarthyism

2072 words - 8 pages (2010): 1-22. Academic Search Premier. Infohio. Web. 3 Mar. 2014. Friedman, Andrea. “The Stranger Career of Annie Lee Moss: Rethinking Race, Gender, and McCarthyism.” Journal of American History 94.2 (2007): 445-468. Academic Search Premier. Infohio. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York: Penguin, 1982. Print. Nilsen, Helge Norman. “From Honors at Dawn to Death of a Salesman: Marxism and the Early Days of Arthur Miller.” English

The Title of Arthur Miller´s The Crucible

1121 words - 4 pages 1. The Crucible refers to a melting pot, a test of endurance, and the carrying of the cross. Explain why this is an appropriate title for this play. Essay on The Crucible by Fellipe Falluh When Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible he intended to create a symbolic story. An obvious sign of The Crucible having a deeper meaning is that it was written to satirize the Red Scare of the 1950s. In addition the powerful title of The Crucible has several

Character Analysis of Parris in Arthur Miller´s The Crucible

990 words - 4 pages not see her?”(Miller 46). In this quote Parris is talking to Tituba in a tense voice making her feel guilty of not seeing the witches. He is trying to intimidate her so that she confesses that she was also part of the witchcraft act, concluding that Abigail and his daughter are not guilty. To summarize Parris makes others feel inferior to him and consider himself superior to others, as any villain would do. Works Cited "Influence of Social Roles: The Stanford Prison Experiment." Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2013. Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York, NY: Penguin, 1996. Print.

Scarlet Letter by Nathanial Hawthorne: The sins of the characters

2990 words - 12 pages a public shaming on a scaffold for three hours and wear a scarlet letter *A* on her chest for the rest of her life in the town. Even though Hawthorne does not pardon Hester's sin, he treats it less severely than those of Dimmesdale and Chillingworth. Hawthorne seems to believe that Chillingworth is the true sinner because he also committed adultery but lied and did not confess to his crime. Dimmesdale is toiling with the act of revenge that

Giles Corey as a martyr in "The Crucible" by Arthur Miller. Essay uses quotes from play to prove that Giles Corey held the role of a martyr

718 words - 3 pages When a conflict arises, many people stand back and watch as their beliefs are trampled on, but sometimes one person will stand up and die for what they believe and inspire all those with similar beliefs. Of the many people who died in the Salem witch trials, one man stands out as a true martyr who died in the pursuit of justice and whose actions served as a model for all the people in Salem. In The Crucible, Arthur Miller portrayed the character

The Tragic Hero in The Crucible by Arthur Miller

954 words - 4 pages The Crucibles Tragic Hero A tragic event should bring fear and pity to the reader and the hero should be courageous and noble, hence when combined a tragic hero is presented. The protagonist, John Proctor, portrays a tragic hero in The Crucible. His hamartia of treachery caused great internal struggles, he displays hubris by challenging authority, and encountered catastrophe as the play went on. John Proctor’s decision to betray his wife

Similar Essays

Comparing The Scarlet Letter By Nathaniel Hawthrone And The Crucible By Arthur Miller

1407 words - 6 pages , by Nathaniel  Hawthorne, and The Crucible, by Arthur Miller. The Scarlet Letter displays a society that treats two people very differently who commit the sin of adultery together. The woman, Hester Prynne, admits her sin, is forced to always wear a scarlet letter A on her bosom, and is ostracized from society. The man, Reverend Dimmesdale, hides his sin from the world, is almost worshipped by the townspeople, but is filled with the shame of his

Comparing The Scarlet Letter By Nathaniel Hawthrone And The Crucible By Arthur Miller

614 words - 2 pages Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter and Arthur Miller's The Crucible are both distinctly different narratives of the Salem Witch trials. The Scarlet Letter is a novel and The Crucible is a play. While The Scarlet Letter deals mainly with the sin of adultery, The Crucible mainly deals with witchcraft. Both have obvious similarities like the setting and the crime, however, one of the greatest similarities between the two is the loyalty of

The Crucible By Arthur Miller And The Scarlet Letter Written By Nathaniel Hawthornen The Inside

1959 words - 8 pages defined as essentially a sexual relationship between a married person and someone who is not their spouse. Adultery leads into the focus of this paper. John Proctor and Hester Prynne (the protagonists of The Crucible and The Scarlet Letter respectively) were bad influences because they were protagonists. John Proctor was the protagonist of the book The Crucible by Arthur Miller. As a general rule, a protagonist fights the antagonist. He was the

Power Of Two And A Half Women In Nathaniel Hawthrone´S The Scarlet Letter

754 words - 4 pages In Nathaniel Hawthorne’s book, The Scarlet Letter, women are portrayed as strong-minded people who are fearless when it comes to transcending limits set by the Puritan community. Neither of the three main women featured in the book seem to conform to the social norms. They each have their own unique abnormalities such as adultery, devilish attributes, and witchcraft. To begin with, there is Hester Prynne, the adulterer, whose strong-minded