This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Marxist Crime Perspective On Juvenile Delinquency Of African Americans

3121 words - 12 pages

Introduction
Countless studies from respected sociologists, criminologists, and psychologists have suggested several theories as to why juvenile delinquency exists. The theory this paper uses to explain juvenile delinquency is the Marxist perspective of the Conflict Theory. What this paper seeks to achieve is to show how this theory is conceptualized, how it causes juvenile delinquency particularly for African Americans, statistics on African American juveniles, and why it could lead to a life of crime as juveniles transition into adulthood. In addition to this, the government will be examined on how it uses the legal system, law enforcement, and certain officials to control most of the population and contribute to this problem. Lastly, this paper will explore the possible benefits of implementing a living wage to solve juvenile delinquency among African Americans.
Discussion
The Marxist perspective theory falls under Sociological Positivism. Bartollas and Miller (2013) posit that the Marxist perspective sees the government and the legal process as instruments that the elites, or bourgeoisie, use to control the masses. Furthermore, capitalism is the root cause that forces juveniles to commit crime. Consequently, the main reason for conflict relates to wealth. This is because the elites who make up a small portion of the population, control most of the wealth in the country (Turk, 1982). The working class, on the other hand, comprises the largest portion of the population and is continually exploited to the point of being forced to turn to crime to survive. Quinney (1977) states the Positivist view calls for treatment and rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents since youths’ behavior are not entirely their fault but because of control variables, such as class and power, struggle for resources.
According to Onwudiwe (2004), coercive forces against lower-class workers on their jobs cause negative effects such as stress, anger, and contempt, which they bring back home and ultimately affect their families, thus leading to juvenile delinquency. Jobs are the means used by the working class to acquire the basic necessary resources to survive--such as food, water, and shelter for their families. According to Quinney (1977), when the lower classes are unable to earn an honest day’s work or lose their jobs, after a period of time, they finally break down from the pressure and resort to crime to support themselves and their loved ones. Children, seeing the struggles of their parents, then follow in their footsteps leading to juvenile delinquency and later these same children, as adults, become more susceptible to crime.
Allen, Latessa, and Ponder (2010) state that a juvenile delinquent is a child that has committed a criminal act that if the same act were committed by an adult, that adult would be punished, but the child is rehabilitated instead. The child’s behavior, under the law, would subject that child to the juvenile court where the child would...

Find Another Essay On The Marxist Crime Perspective on Juvenile Delinquency of African Americans

The Curfew: Issues on Juvenile Delinquency and Constitutional Rights

2513 words - 10 pages The Curfew PAGE 1 Running Head: THE CURFEWThe Curfew: Issues on Juvenile Delinquency and Constitutional RightsThe Curfew: Issues on Juvenile Delinquency and Constitutional RightsIntroductionJuvenile crime is becoming a threat to society as years go by. Crimes committed by children below 15 have been reported as early as the 19th century, when they faced about the same punishments as adult criminals: public shaming, incarceration, even

Juvenile Delinquency in the States Essay

2135 words - 9 pages Juvenile Delinquency in the States Presently, juvenile justice is widely acknowledged as being in a state of flux in the United States. The early 1990s saw the most substantial rise in violent crime committed by juveniles ever experienced in this country. On the heels of decades of skepticism about the effectiveness of parens patriae (the state as parent), this rise was the "proof" for many "experts" who believe that the juvenile justice

Juvenile Delinquency; The Issue Inside

776 words - 4 pages In 2005 approximately 69 million people in the United States were under the age of 18. The projected juvenile population is expected to reach 74 million by 2015. “Violence itself is not a disorder. It can be one of a number of behaviors used to diagnose mental illness based on severity and circumstance.” (Bilderya 2) Children and teens are becoming more and more violent, committing more crimes, and doing excessive amounts of drugs. This is a

Juvenile Delinquency in the Classroom

1634 words - 7 pages that has no respect or discipline, who are unruly, immature, illiterate, and bent on getting him to quit his teaching career immediately. Students were dressed according to the times in mini-skirts, go-go boots, beehive hairdo's, leather jackets, and bad attitudes to match. Viewers get a sense of the activities associated with juvenile delinquency, such as stealing cars, getting into fights, using of weapons, cursing, making sexual overtures

The Persecution Of African Americans

1436 words - 6 pages country called America (Cottonman1999)”. Why is it referred to as the ship ride of hell? On that ship ride African Americans “were shackled and laid upon boards head to toe with over hundreds of other African Americans to share that cramped confined space. On some of those ships depending on the concern of hygiene African Americans were given maybe three to four buckets to relieve themselves. Some who weren’t able to make it to the bucket had no

Juvenile Delinquency and The Bling Side

1528 words - 7 pages Will Sivers Professor Michael Batstone Juvenile delinquency April 25, 2014 The movie Blind Side was based on the best-selling book The Blind Side by Michael Lewis. In this story the main character Michael Oher is a troubled child that is taken in by an upper class family and is put through school. During the course of this story you can see how many of the Juvenile Delinquency theories that we reviewed in class can be applied and seen, it

The Medias Portray of African Americans

805 words - 4 pages enough, and people when they are in need to save their family will do anything and so they fall for it, and go after this and when they get busted by the police its gets spread out to the new. People think bad of them even though they don’t know why they do these things. Some kid just grow up being taught these things and then when they grow this all they know. The brighter side of media about African Americans on the news is they have a very

The History of Sports and African Americans

516 words - 2 pages The history of sports goes back since ancient times. It has been a useful way for people to explore nature and their environment. Sports include different activities and games such as football, soccer, basketball, and etc. to express their skills and talents. Also, sports are a way to relax and have fun; but are sports all our African Americans rely on? The dream to become future sports stars. The reason why Gates begins his essay with an

The History of African Americans in Film

2058 words - 8 pages Man.? Before 1970 African Americans were depicted as train porters, waitresses and shoe shine boys. This all changes when in 1971 Melvin Van Peebles came out with his groundbreaking film ? Sweetback?s Baadassss Song.? This was the first film in which the black man came out on top over the white establishment or ? The Man.? That same year Gordon Park came out with one of Blaxploitation?s best known films, Shaft. This was one of the first movies

The History of African Americans: Slavery

2542 words - 10 pages The history of African-Americans has been a paradox of incredible triumph in the face of tremendous human tragedy. African-American persons were shown much discrimination and were treated as second class citizens in the colonies during the development of the nation. The first set men, women, and children to work in the colonies were indentured servants, meaning they were only required to work for a set amount of years before they received

The Situation of African-Americans in America

678 words - 3 pages media were still controlled by the whites. The only organisations where Blacks could gain power were religious societies.A turning point for the Blacks was the Second World War. Often they were given the hardest, ugliest, most menial work, they had to risk their lives and still were called "niggers" by their officers. The fight for equal rights continued. In the South, mostly African-Americans of the middle-class took an active part in the

Similar Essays

Developmental Crime Prevention And Juvenile Delinquency

2391 words - 10 pages Background One of the best strategies for combating juvenile delinquency is adopting developmental crime prevention program. Developmental crime prevention programs aim to lower an individual’s potential of becoming criminal. The theory that guides these types of programs is that criminal and deviant activity is the result of early life experiences and learning. These programs put an emphasis on what causes individuals to commit deviant acts

Write A Sociological Essay With Regards To Crime And Deviance With A Functionalist Perspective Then Critique It With A Marxist View

1156 words - 5 pages focus of crime is on the working class because of their social characteristics, i.e. poor, badly educated etc. These people are more likely to turn to crime because of these characteristics therefore there is more focus on this because the value consensus dictates this. There is little focus on White collar and corporate crime because the value consensus doesn't deem it important. Another external critique is from the Interactionist perspective

The Most Prevalent Causes Of Juvenile Delinquency

1287 words - 6 pages is due to a large number of factors operating at different levels, including both proximal and distal factors. The study will be operate from this perspective because it would be difficult to attribute juvenile delinquency, which can take many forms, to a single factor that invariably serves as a cause in all cases. Delinquency can be defined as self-reporting for the frequency of committing certain actions within a six month period. They are

Marxist Perspective On Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis

1802 words - 7 pages Marxist Perspective on Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis On the surface, Franz Kafka's 1916 novella, The Metamorphosis, seems to be just a tale of a man who woke up one morning to find himself transformed into an insect. But, a closer reading with Marx and Engel's economic theories in mind reveals an overarching metaphor that gives the improbable story a great deal of relevance to the structure of society. Gregor Samsa, the protagonist