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The Marxist Interpretation Of A Doll’s House By Henrik Ibsen

635 words - 3 pages

“A principal tenet of Marxist criticism is that human consciousness is a product of social conditions and that human relationships are often subverted by and through economic considerations.”(Witham and Lutterbie) A Doll’s House, by Henrik Ibsen, can be interpreted and critiqued in many different ways. One of these ways is the Marxist approach. This way of thinking can basically be summed up by saying this: Money changes people’s thinking and actions. The main characters in A Doll’s House are all affected by this idea and it makes the acquisition of money and a higher social status the most important thing to them. Therefore, a Marxist theme is shown throughout the play through the speech and actions of Nora, Torvald, Mrs. Linde, and Krogstad.
Nora Helmer, the main character, has a seemingly unfulfillable need for money and a high social status. A good example would be how the play begins with Nora returning home from shopping for the Christmas season. She has many items and even bought a Christmas tree. Nora then tells one of the maids to hide the tree so that she can decorate it before the kids see it. Nora then asks Torvald for money so she can “hang the bills in gilt paper” as decorations (Ibsen). Instead of making special decorations by hand, Nora would rather decorate the tree with money to show off their financial status. Before they were rich, Both Nora and Torvald worked odd jobs to make ends meet. They’re newfound higher social class, however, has caused her sense of responsibility to disappear. Nora’s entire outlook on life changes with her economic conditions, showing the Marxist belief that people’s thoughts are a product of their financial situations.
Torvald thinks more of the money, but he still seemingly cares only about himself. When Nora suggests borrowing money, he says that they...

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