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The Massacre Of Rwandans During 1993

1514 words - 7 pages

The massacre of Rwandans during 1993 were described by Ndiaye in a statement to the Commission on Human Rights as deemed so severe that it could merit the label of a genocide. Ndiaye report offered such extensive material based on the proceeding occurring in Rwanda that the United Nations should have into account his findings when establishing a peacekeeping force called The United Nations Assistant Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR). Ndiaye’s (1993) statement goes on to emphasize the key elements that had “facilitated the violation of the rights to life”, which included: the absence of nomocracy, the lack of protection granted towards different ethnic groups, and the use of propaganda. The absence ...view middle of the document...

The Arusha Accords established central concerns that were viewed essential towards preventing, managing and resolving the conflict throughout Rwanda. Such issues included the continual implementation of a former ceasefire agreement, The N’Sele Ceasefire; “this agreement establishes a cessation of hostilities and a zone of separation between the belligerent forces and provides, among other things, for the release of prisoners of war”. The N’Sele Ceasefire treaty would be maintained and utilised through the Arusha Accord agreement. This would involve the conclusion of warfare and eliminating the distribution of weaponry. The Rwandan government, the RPF and additional political groups settled on distributing control between themselves through the establishment of a Broad-Based Transitional Government (1992); this would provide the foundation for a democratically elected government to form. Furthermore an arrangement was formed that would allow the return and relocation of exiles that had fled Rwanda as refugees. Finally an understanding was made that the parties involved would merge forces into one united power, The Rwandan Army. For the agreement to be executed correctly it rested on the outcome of two major procedures: the establishment of the new government derived on a broad-based transitional structure and the deployment of an organisation with an unbiased force. This was provided by the United Nations through the arrangement of the United Nations Assistant Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR).
It is believed by Ndiaye (1993) that the United Nations was not thorough when producing the agreement for they did not consider specific features that could implement that outcome of the agreement. Such specific features was the overlooking of a radical group called “The Coalition for the Defence of the Republic” (CDR) which had committed extreme barbarisms towards the civilians. Or the ruling political party of Rwanda at the time, the National Republican Movement for Democracy and Development (MRND), which was believed to have accepted the terms of the agreement due to feelings of immense insistence by international parties. It was also believed that the MRND only cooperated with the agreement for they feared that the RPF might strike them again for they possessed a considerably greater force than the MRND did; and also that the United Nations would not finance their deteriorating nation. (OAU, 2000) Finally the accords were considered to benefit certain parties more than others, for example the RPF. If the United Nations had taken these concerns into account from the beginning than the peace agreements would have looked vastly different than what was agreed upon. This was seen with the Presidents unreliability of his agreements towards the peace treaty; he “would agree to proposals made under pressure at the negotiating table, but he would retract them later, when his own hardliners applied countervailing pressures”. (Organization for African Unity, 2000)
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