The Matter Of Life Or Death: The Medical Side Effects Of Abortions

1744 words - 7 pages

The Matter of Life or Death: The Medical Side Effects of Abortions
The United States government has a difficult time with coming to an agreement on whether to ban abortions, or keep them. Although the United States is about freedom and the people, the government should be more concerned about the health of its nation. According to the Stedman’s Medical Dictionary, an abortion is “Expulsion from the uterus of an embryo or fetus before viability (20 weeks’ gestation [18 weeks after fertilization] or fetal weight less than 500 g)” (Williams and Wilkins). An abortion can be performed in many different ways, depending on the time in which the abortion is taken place and the size of the fetus. There are three main categories in which an abortion can be performed. The most common form of an abortion is those that invade the uterus and kills the child by instruments which enter the uterus through the cervix. An abortion that happens toward the fifth month of being pregnant, is to kill the preborn child by administering drugs; the mother will then be put into induce labor where she will deliver the dead baby. Then the last three months of pregnancy, doctors will invade the uterus by abdominal surgery; during this time the umbilical cord is cut, thus cutting off the baby’s oxygen supply in which it causes suffocation. Through all of these abortions, the mother of the child is impacted in some way or another. With every abortion the mother undergoes, the more negative affect it has on her fertility, and her reproductive system.
When babies are being aborted in the first trimester, the method usually used will be the Menstrual Extraction or Suction Aspiration. Menstrual Extraction is when the doctor takes a suction curette (hollow tube with a knife-edged tip) connected to a vacuum by a tube and inserts it into the womb. After this happens the fetus is then cut into small pieces and sucked through the tube into a bottle where then it will be discarded. If the entire fetus is not removed, the mother will get an infection, and have to have full dilation of her cervix and a scraping of the womb. In some cases, during the suction of the fetus, several feet of the mothers’ intestines have been sucked out. After twelve weeks of being pregnant the method chosen is D&E Dilation and Evacuation. In this method, a pair of forceps is inserted into the womb and grasps part of the fetus. The teeth of the forceps twist and tear the bones of the fetus. This process if repeated until the whole fetus is dismembered and removed from the womb. In order for this to happen the spine must be snapped and the skull must be crushed. During this procedure there is great risk because the abortionist is operating blindly, if they are not careful, they can puncture the women’s’ uterus, bladder, or bowel. The mothers’ uterus can also be grasped with the forceps and pulled inside out. When reaching the end of the pregnancy, the procedure used to end the fetus’s life is known as...

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