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The Mc Donaldization Of Society By George Ritzer

996 words - 4 pages

Although still relevant in some of today's workplace, Taylorism has fallen behind in terms of a managerial method; theories that empower workers, promote workplace initiative and teamwork have seen to be more effective rather than empowering the manager. Evidently Taylorism is not that strong of a management system anymore and whilst still used in some workplaces, it has passed its used by date, team based theories which give power to the worker is seen to benefit quality and efficiency.

Taylorism still exists in some forms in today's society, it continues to work, although to some degree is has been reshaped and redesigned. McDonalds fast-food franchises encompass some of what Taylor ...view middle of the document...

This control is reinforced by the technologies used and the way the organization is set up to bolster this control. Managers and inspectors make sure that workers toe the line." (Ritzer, George. 1993) This however is the downfall of McDonaldization and Taylorism, the problem is that in both systems managers see too much power over their workers, that although they cooperate; the worker is at the disposal of the manager - likewise with Taylorism, as the work is broken down and simplified workers are not valued highly. Thus not being an entirely effective method of management for worker morale and performance.

Newer management theories such as 'Theory Z' are being utilised more so in our present workplaces, based from Douglas McGregor's theories, Japanese management or rather Theory Z was popularised during the 1980's when Asian economies starting booming. McGregor's theories named Theory X and Theory Y were developed in the 1960's they focus on a managers perception of his workers rather than the way workers actually behave. "Theory X, stated that workers inherently dislike and avoid work and must be driven to it, and Theory Y, stated that work is natural and can be a source of satisfaction when aimed at higher order human psychological needs" (Vector Study. 2012) Dr. William Ouchi took these ideas and brought forth his book in 1981, 'Theory Z: How American management can Meet the Japanese Challenge', a newer theory which predominately focused on increasing an employee's loyalty to a company by providing them with a job 'for life' and also providing a strong focus on the well-being of the worker, both on the job and off the job.
Theory Z is a form of management that gives workers more freedom and trust, this theory assumes that workers have a strong interest in team-working and the organisation they work for. Theory Z stresses the need for enabling the workers to become generalists, rather than specialists, and emphasises an increase in their knowledge of the company and its processes through job rotations and continual training, contrasting that of Taylorism...

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