The Meaning Of The Following Sources Of Error In Social Perception: Stereotyping, Halo Effect And Attribution Errors.

930 words - 4 pages

How do we decide what another person is like? Since this is a question of how we attribute personality traits, motives and abilities to other people, the theories around how we do this are known as attribution theory. As human beings we naturally try to sum people up and often due to this give ourselves the wrong picture of somebody. In this essay I am going to try to explain three of these sources of error, stereotyping, halo effect and attribution errors.Errors in social perception are a common occurrence, one of these errors is known as the halo effect. We all have a number of general assumptions about what personality traits go together. The likelihood is that we like to see positive characteristics going along with other positive ones, an effect known as the halo effect. A man called Edward Thorndike in 1920 first named the halo effect; he gave people a description of a fictitious person containing one or two positive traits. People then tended to see this fictitious person as having a whole lot more positive characteristics. The reverse holds true as well. The halo effect seems to be particularly powerful when we know relatively little about the person.Many poor decisions by individuals and companies are compounded by, if not originated by, the halo effect. The halo effect refers to the tendency to rate a person's skills and talents in many areas based upon an evaluation of a single factor. The perceiver's general impression of a target distorts his or her perception of the target on specific dimensions. For example, an employee who has made a good overall impression on a supervisor is rated as performing high-quality work and always meeting deadlines even when work is flawed. This can also vary depending on the supervisor, as what impresses one supervisor may carry very little weight with another supervisor, hence the employee may receive different appraisal ratings depending on the supervisor. A possible way to solve this problem may be to have more than one supervisor to rate an employee's work, thus giving two opinions of the employee.Another error that occurs in social perception is one called stereotyping. Stereotype means "set image". The word comes from the process of making metal plates for printing. When applied to people, stereotyping refers to forming an instant or fixed picture of a group of people, usually based on false or incomplete information. It is also the tendency to generalise about people in a social category and ignore variations among them. Some examples of stereotyping are that we consider accountants to be boring, or that blondes have more fun or that Americans are talkative. Stereotyping can project both positive and negative images of a group of people, and although it is does not always provide a correct image of each person studies have shown that...

Find Another Essay On The meaning of the following sources of error in social perception: stereotyping, halo effect and attribution errors.

The Errors of Vietnam. Essay

3911 words - 16 pages There is no possible way to pinpoint what went wrong in Vietnam. The Vietnam War pushed on for almost three decades. It lasted through the terms of five American Presidents and more than and handful of countries participated in the conflict. Not to mention that it was shrouded in confusion and politics. A seemingly endless list of errors, bad political decisions, and military blunders has also contributed to the confusion of what went wrong in

The Effect of Language on Perception

751 words - 3 pages The Effect of Language on Perception Language: Language is defined as any body which can be written, spoken, or otherwise communicated between individuals and/or groups. Taking this definition into account, language is not specific to human beings. Animals are also affected by a form of language. Body language is also a notable form of communication. It is a member of the type of language communicated via

The Twins in Shakespeare's Comedy of Errors

1143 words - 5 pages Just because two people have similar appearances, it does not mean that they act similarly or behave similarly. A prime example of this is the play The Comedy of Errors. Throughout the play, the two sets of twins are being mistaken for their twin, and even though they look similar, the characters that the two sets of twins come into contact with seem to notice that the twins do not act in their usual manner. That is due to the fact that they

The Brothers Menaechmus and Comedy of Errors

2997 words - 12 pages , Shakespeare was afforded the ability to move beyond creating a copy of Plautus and merge his work with the original: The Comedy of Errors is an adaptation of Menaechmus, but it is also a continuation of its predecessor. Shakespeare’s play should not be viewed as simply a separate and original work; it is that, but it is also the second part of a single, larger whole. By looking at how wordplay and repetition function in the world of comedy

Exploring social cognition and how aspects of perception and judgement might affect stereotyping of gender using a Vignette study.

1184 words - 5 pages , it can also be extended to so called psychological or symbolic tools elaborated within culture" (Miell D. et al, 2002, p200). . This means that language itself can also be considered as a tool. In this way of thinking, psychological or physical tools are of central importance, both to the intellectual development and to becoming an effective member of society.Sociocultural theory of learning recognises that language and social interaction is a

Errors and error correction in teaching foreign language

771 words - 3 pages " are quite common, and majority of learners do not realize, that errors can actually help them; that mistakes are a developing factor in the process of learning. Being corrected in front of the whole class is certainly not the greatest desire of every student, but the situation is often made even worse by teacher's attitude. There are teachers who treat mistakes as some kind of a crime, making students more afraid and unsure than they usually are

Stereotypes and Stereotyping of Native American in The Pioneers

2138 words - 9 pages ." Even the information that Cooper relates as historical fact is riddled with errors and misconceptions, most clearly in his history of the Delewares.2  Beyond this, these Moravian accounts are representative of solely the white perspective of Native Americans, and hence, the voice of the Native American himself is, alas, entirely lacking in Cooper's research.  This lack of Indian perspective is reflected in his writing, which tends to view

The Role Played by Stereotyping in the Social Control of Women

2273 words - 9 pages The Role Played by Stereotyping in the Social Control of Women It can be argued that women can be controlled in many aspects of society by stereotyping them and opinions based upon that have been instilled for centuries amongst society. There are many areas of society that this is apparent. Women have a variety of roles within the super structure of society and can often be seen to be “inferior” to men in many

Effect of Finite Terms on the Truncation Error of Mie Series for Modeling Light Scattering

1864 words - 7 pages determined with an error smaller than the prescribed accuracy. This approximation can be a promising and valuable approach for modeling light scattering phenomena. © 2012 Optical Society of America Light scattering today is still an important and active field, whose application largely outgrows the field of atmospheric optics, affecting several issues in optical trapping, spherical cloaking, plasmonics and realistic physical based rendering.[Ref

The effect of meaning of the word and flanker on amount of interference in colored naming task

2490 words - 10 pages The effect of meaning of the word and flanker on amount of interference in colored naming taskAbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the effect of flanker and meaningfulness of the word on Stroop effect by conduction color naming task. Hundred and ninety four participants were selected randomly by 97 PSY2042 psychology students and their participations were voluntary. The experiment consisted of 7 color naming lists; it started with a

The Perception of the Perception

1411 words - 6 pages The Perception of the Perception The subjective nature of perception is an inborn characteristic humanity. However, humans found the ability to still classify knowledge under two categories, objective and subjective. Knowledge in the subjective sense, or subjective knowledge for short, is the individual knowledge that each person gains through personal experiences. Artists often try to portray a scene that has an

Similar Essays

The Medals Of Halo. Essay

3602 words - 14 pages Intro:As you may know, has some of the medalsposted on their site. They do not have all the medals though.So this small FAQ is just to help fill in those gaps. I have testedout and personally proved every of the following to exist. If you feelthat I have missed a secret medal somewhere along the line, my emailcan be found at the bottom of the page. Please do not send crap medalsbecause I don't have time for pranks.I basically say what

The Halo Effect And Its Relevance In Seinfeld

742 words - 3 pages In today’s superficial world of stereotypical beauty, there is a psychological phenomenon that plagues over many actions we make in our everyday lives: the “halo effect.” Research has shown that many people usually correlate physical attractiveness with a multitude of other positive qualities, such as intelligence and personality. This phenomenon causes many people to believe that attractive individuals are more sociable and

The Meaning Of Life And Social Discourses

1512 words - 6 pages In Robert Lowell’s confessional poetry Life Studies (1962), Drusilla Modjeska’s memoir The Orchard (1994), Arthur Bochner’s personal narrative It’s About Time (1997) and Felicia Sullivan’s memoir The Sky isn’t Visible from Here (2008), the truth and meaning of a life is understood to be a product of social discourses. This means they are mediated between language, supplementations outside the life represented, and spectres of past, present and

The Meaning Of Truth And Judgement. Following The Book, The Crucible By Arthur Miller.

797 words - 3 pages The Meaning of Truth and JudgmentIn society, truth has no meaning because people in numbers, rule and come together, only believing what they want to believe. Great strength in numbers is a key factor in The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller. What the townspeople of Salem said, always went. There is no arguing and no deciding. If someone was accused or judged as being a witch, they were most like condemned for being one.The definition of