This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Media And The Use Of Propaganda In War

1496 words - 6 pages

In researching the existing literature pertaining to the issue of the media and propaganda, there must first be proper definitions for the terms 'propaganda' and 'media' in the context of politics and war. Next follows an analysis of the different articles and works already undertaken on the subject of the media's role (as a propaganda tool) and the effectiveness of this specific form of propaganda. Thereby also concerns several pending questions regarding the different human perspectives of propaganda that is spread by the media. Lastly, there is the review of literature in relation to propaganda as a whole.Definitions of the media and propagandaIn identifying the topic scope, the term 'media' refers to the plural of the word 'medium' (Pearsall 1999). In this context, the 'media' is defined as 'the main means of mass communication in forms of television, newspapers and the radio.' (1999: 884).Petley states, that the term 'propaganda' refers to 'the deliberate use of newspapers, television and other media to influence people's attitudes (2000:26). Petley also states that propaganda is '[used] often [by] employing lies and distortion'. Pratkanis and Aronson share similar views on Petley's statement, suggesting the idea of propaganda being carried out 'through manipulation of symbols and of our most basic human emotions' (1992:13).Literature on the media and propagandaIn researching existing works regarding the use of the media to spread propaganda in war, we have seen the different perspectives of the authors. Dietz suggests that propaganda is a literary war tool, serving similar purposes as the Nazi's arsenal of weapons (1934: 299). However, Dietz defines propaganda as '[a way] to communicate the nature and content' to the people 'in the most simple and understandable way'. This acts as a contrast to Delwiche's material (2002), which suggests that propaganda is a manipulative tool rather than a form of communication.These contrasting views link to the role of the media as discussed by Petley (2000:26). As we see, there are two different perspectives regarding the role of the media and propaganda--one which sees the media and propaganda as a useful communicative tool; the other which sees the media and propaganda as a form of mass indoctrination. Noting that Dietz was a Nazi German and that Delwiche is a historian, we can question the credibility of both sources. How reliable would Dietz's material be? It is ironical that Dietz was a propagandist too. Delwiche, on the other hand, is a propaganda analyst. In all, both materials are useful and thus, will all be utilized in preparing the research paper.Existing material on political war propagandaPropaganda comes in various forms. In the case of the proponents of propaganda, their advantages were that the targeting of audiences could apply every citizen, through media such as posters and flyers, radio shows, and film. Petley states that propaganda took on the 'negative connotations' mainly in the...

Find Another Essay On The Media and the Use of Propaganda in War

Media and Propaganda model: Is the media a source of information or manipulation and who controls the media?

1580 words - 7 pages famous scandal of Nike that their workers are physically and mentally abused, and they use child labor in their factory but commercial media never host any programs against Nike because they had a fear that Nike will withdraw their advertisement from the media and they don’t want to lose that money. Advertisers demand a supportive editorial and programming environment and they generally avoid serious programs for example tsunami disasters etc. Because

War, Media, And Propaganda : A Global Perspective

3135 words - 13 pages Iraqi news media and not always properly identified.” Not only are modern day governments capable of publishing propaganda, they are currently doing just that. In this paper, one will see examples of propaganda of the past, its effects on modern day society, and modern day examples of propaganda that are effecting all of us at this very moment. Most of the memorable propaganda in the United States’ history was created during World War One and

Use of Propaganda to Spread Anti-Semitism in Nazi Germany During the 1930’s and 1940’s

2473 words - 10 pages “All propaganda has to be popular and has to accommodate itself to the comprehension of the least intelligent of those whom it seeks to reach,” Adolf Hitler (The National World War Museum). The German Nazi dictator utilized his power over the people using propaganda, eventually creating a sense of hatred towards Jews. After World War 1, the punishments of the League of Nations caused Germany to suffer. The Nazi party came to blame the Jews in

Media Use and Media Consumption in the Home Environment

1438 words - 6 pages Audience reception is a critical area of focus and research when approaching media audiences. It is dependent on the context of viewing, making media use and media consumption within the home environment and other contexts an interesting area of study. During the 1980s the emergence and increasing use of television increased media research into consumption in an everyday context, addressing the domestic, the family and its contribution to daily

How does propaganda work? What are its historical origins? Was the war in Iraq initiated by a campaign of propaganda and disinformation?

2864 words - 11 pages through false atrocity stories such as alleged incubator baby killings. The most recent Iraq war was heavily fuelled by falsities of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) possession. Wherever governments lie to the people, conspiracy theories thrive. When the media are seen to be controlled by governments or commercial interests, half-truths flourish.Jowett & O'Donell (1992, cited in O'Shaughnessy, 2004:18) define propaganda as a 'careful and

The Psychological Effects of Propaganda and the Nazis Use of It During WW II

9863 words - 39 pages (DVP) was interested in big business. The inability of the government to work together led to a period of presidential rule. Also, continuous economic and financial difficulty weakened the Weimar Republic after the World War I. Germans faced high unemployment and inflation, in the years to follow.After a series of radio propaganda "battles", the League of Nations was prompted in1936 to pass a convention that tried to outlaw the use of broadcasting

War and the Media

2587 words - 10 pages Muller E. John in his study involving War, Presidents and the public opinion, he concluded that the coverage of the Tet offensive had greatly impacted on American’s Public opinion. The media coverage in the 2003 invasion of Iraq is also a source of controversy marked by the media press being accused of censorship, propaganda, and bias. It is observed that news anchors and commentators on from Fox news made comments such as calling those involved

Age of Propaganda: The Use and Abuse of Persuasion by Anthony Pratkanis and Elliot Aronson

1154 words - 5 pages companies are producing and promoting propaganda. This trend is pointed out in the non-fiction book, Age of Propaganda: The Use and Abuse of Persuasion by Anthony Pratkanis and Elliot Aronson. The two authors explain how the media and advertisers use a calculated formula to convince viewers and consumers to buy their product. The way advertisers do this so effectively is through using the “four stratagems of influence,” as coined by Pratkanis and

Nazi Party's Use of Artistic Propaganda Led To The Ascension and Dominance of German Culture

760 words - 3 pages Throughout history, government and culture have proven to be inextricably linked . During the early twentieth century, the Nazi Party's use of artistic propaganda through multiple forms of media directly led to its ascension and dominance of German culture. The Nazis' success can be directly attributed to its careful planning, ruthless implementation, and clear results. The Nazi's use of propaganda was meticulously planned by party leaders

Define propaganda and its uses in war during the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries

2536 words - 10 pages SynopsisThe major essay deals with notions of propaganda throughout history. Significant moments in the past, how they have shaped propaganda as well as how propaganda has impacted war is analysed. There are several different types of propaganda ranging from radio, newspapers, television, posters, speeches, school books, education, popular culture, printed advertisements, celebrity endorsements and public announcements. Although there was not

Myth of Propaganda in the Balkans and Rwanda

6731 words - 27 pages recommended reading. O'Shaughnessy, Nicholas Jackson Politics and Propaganda, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004. This book was infinitely helpful in arriving at a definition of propaganda, deciding what counts as propaganda, and understanding it from a psychological perspective. Particularly helpful in understanding it as an emotional experience. Thompson, Mark, Forging War: The Media in Serbia, Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina

Similar Essays

The Use Of Propaganda In Wwii

816 words - 4 pages than everyone else. The difference between Canada and Nazi Germany’s use of propaganda, was Canada used propaganda to put their country in a positive light. While Germany on the other hand, put their country in a negative place of mind. Germany used propaganda that was different from glorifying war, unlike Canada, which had a greater impact of the public.                 During WWII, the USA and Nazi Germany both used radio as one of their best

Use Of Propaganda In The 1930’s And In Brave New World

1558 words - 6 pages . Hitler used propaganda to spread his beliefs in National Socialism and his hatred for Jews. Consequently, Hitler ended up starting World War II (Vidal). Propaganda within the media coverage of the war can affect an individual and can change the way a person thinks and views the war. In the case of World War II, German propaganda was able to convince millions to continue to fight the allies in house to house warfare rather than to admit defeat

Aims, Methods And Success Of The Use Of Propaganda In Two Single Party States

2018 words - 8 pages Compare and contrast the aims, methods and success of the use of propaganda in two single party states. Essentially, both Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler had the same fanatic desire to make their nations “Great” and gain considerable respect worldwide which would be determined by their economic might. Both leaders used various means of propaganda to achieve their ultimate aims. To what extent they were successful, however, is a debatable

Media Control: The Spectacular Achievments Of Propaganda

511 words - 2 pages Media Control: The Spectacular Achievements of Propaganda. Synopsis of the book. Chomsky examines and explores the use of propaganda in the mass media. His focus remains on the “elite” as he would call them, or the corporations and politicians that control the mass media in our country. He speaks of how the U.S. government used propaganda in order to gain support for our country’s involvement in wars from Wilson’s presidency to Bush