This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Medieval Period Essay

1533 words - 6 pages

The medieval period in European history begins after the fall of the Roman Empire around 500 C.E., and continued until the early modern period beginning around 1500. The medieval period is split into the sub-categories of early medieval (500-1000), central middle ages (1000-1300), late medieval (1300-1500), and followed by the early modern period (1500-1800). At each of these periods of time important political, economic, social, cultural, religious and scientific changes were being made in Western Europe.
Early Medieval
The collapse of the Roman Empire led to the emergence of three successor civilizations; Byzantium, Islam, and Western Europe. The absence of a strong central government led Western Europeans landowner’s vulnerable to barbarian invasions, attacks from other landowners, and later Islamic invasions. This political and economic turmoil caused the abandonment of farmlands and the depopulation of cities. However, through all this Christianity prospered through domestic proselytiztion, and the tireless work of monks and nuns converting the lay man. The monasteries monks and nuns operated, provided a more stable environment than anywhere else in Western Europe. St. Benedict’s monasteries required a life of poverty, chastity, and obedience to the abbot for anyone living on the grounds. Monasteries also engaged in agriculture production and the copying and study of Latin heritage. Around the 700’s, the Carolingians became the first powerful empire of Western Christendom. The Carolingians were founded by Charles Martel, but their greatest leader was his grandson Charlemagne. Charles Martel had a large army of mounted soldiers, who used stirrups to better stay on their horses, to defeat the Umayyad’s at Tours in 732 to halt the Islamic advance into Europe. During its height, Charlemagne’s empire stretched from the Pyrenees Mountains in the East to the Avars in the West, and from the North Sea to the Mediterranean Sea. The Carolingians were the first empire to use lower case letters and also helped preserve Rome’s Latin heritage. In the middle of the ninth century the Carolingian Empire collapsed due to internal fragmentation and the external invasions of the Magyars, Muslims, and Vikings. These events led to the creation of a “centralized kingdom in England, autonomous duchies and counties in West Francia, a Holy Roman Empire in East Francia; and powerful cities in the Italian peninsula.” (Hollister, 125) The terrorizing tactics of the Magyars, Muslims, and Vikings ended around 1000, when they were either defeated or adopted Christianity. By the end of the early medieval period cities were expanding, trade and commerce thriving, and the Church was growing stronger.

Central Middle Ages
The Central Middle Ages was a time of agricultural revolution, self-developing society, population expansion and religious crusading and reform. The peace and stability of the central middle ages led to changes in farming methods and...

Find Another Essay On The Medieval Period

The Romanesque Period: An in-depth analysis of the romanesque medieval period covering both architecture and sculpture

1718 words - 7 pages The style of architecture immediately preceding Gothic within Europe is known as Romanesque. The term Romanesque, like many other stylistic designations, was not a term contemporary within the art it describes but an invention of modern scholarship to categorize a period. The term Romanesque attempts to link the architecture, especially, of the 11th and 12th centuries in medieval Europe to roman architecture based on similarities of form and

The differences in spiritual character between Medieval Period to Renaissance Time

2153 words - 9 pages The most critical change between the Medieval Period and the Renaissance Time was in spiritual character of humanity eminently expressed in both literature and the visual arts, particularly through the motif of journey and self-discovery. Since the growth of humanistic thought, it changed the way of writing in tales, poems, and a new broad vision on arts. The spiritual of humanity was a main reason for the changes of literature and arts. It is

Discuss the evolution of musical notation throughout the Medieval period. This essay includes reference to the Medieval composer Hildegard von Bingen

1147 words - 5 pages wider acceptance of music as an educated art rather than a simple form of entertainment and encouraged worldwide publishing of music. The works of many famous composers ranging from the Medieval period through to post-modern music may not have been heard if it wasn't for the innovation of vocalists and instrumentalists before the 1500s.

How did literature change throughout Europe between the Medieval Times to the Renaissance Period and What contributed to that change?

672 words - 3 pages Religion, technology, literature, and certain people were a part of the change between the Medieval Times and the Renaissance Period throughout Europe. The certain places that were most affect by this change was France, England and Italy. Each one was effected differently in many ways. The change in Italy all started in the 14th century. But due to the cause of the war in 1337 to 1453, the change in England and France all started in the late

The Knight at War. How did his role change and was their any place for chivalry on the battlefield during the late medieval period?

1794 words - 7 pages heavily armoured knights could break any unit. Knights lived their entire life to fight. They trained all day in the art of war and at tourney they practised war-games constantly. As time progressed they developed more discipline and cavalry units began to regroup and hit second or third units with a charge. However, throughout the period the discipline of knights was always suspect and the pursuit for personal glory a priority. What would a

Medieval Period

978 words - 4 pages * The Medieval Period * The Norman Conquest of England · 878 - Alfred the Great defeated the Danes and restricted them to the north of England.· Danes invaded northern France, setting in an area known to be Normandy.· 1066 "“ Battle of Hastings; English king, Edwards the Confessor died. His cousin, Duke William of Normandy claimed with some justification that Edward had

Medieval Medicine

966 words - 4 pages One in every three people during the medieval period died due to the Black Death. This was due to the ignorance of medicinal science during the medieval period. The practice of medicine during the medieval period was majorly influenced by religion, superstition, and misguided practices. The medieval period started in around 500 A.D. and ended in around 1500 A.D. It also took place mainly in Western Europe. (Medieval Medicine and the Plague, 4

Literature in the Church

881 words - 4 pages Medieval period was characterized by a single authority that was the Church. During the renaissance period, all that authority was disappearing, everything began to revive all the art, language, became more secular, use of printing press, focused on the individual, new languages, politics, and more people could read and learn about literature not only people like nobles, church, and kings. Many changes occurred during the medieval period to

Medieval Warfare: Stagnant or Flowing?

1744 words - 7 pages The medieval era has often been considered the Dark Ages, a time of little civil development and simple, almost backwards, social systems. Medieval warfare specifically has been regarded with little respect and has been seen to lack military artistry. From this fertile, yet uncultivated, ground comes the early modern period of European history. The main point of contention is the cavalry's early dominance over European culture, which inevitably

The Medieval Machine by Jean Gimpel

657 words - 3 pages was the fact that there was a huge population increase throughout this time period. Gimpel shares his concerns that medieval agriculture was to a large degree, a scientific one. Mining Iron and also stone quarrying were once very important mining industries in medieval Europe. Lead, silver and gold were also extremely important. The importance of mining is who has the Crown rights over mineral wealth throughout much of Europe The following

A Book Review of, Kelly DeVries and Douglas Smiths’ Second Edition Text, Medieval Military Technology

1214 words - 5 pages Kelly DeVries and Robert Douglas Smith. Medieval Military Technology, Second Edition. Toronto. University of Toronto Press Incorporated, 2012. XVIII + 356 pp. Illustrations, bibliographical references, Index. ISBN 978-1-4426-0497-1. This second edition of DeVries and Smiths’ book, Medieval Military Technology, encompasses many of the weapons, fortifications, vessels, machines, and armour developed throughout the medieval period, to provide a

Similar Essays

Japanese Literature During The Medieval Period

1264 words - 5 pages During the Medieval period (1185–1603) in Japan there was change and innovation in Japanese literature. “Waka composition practices change as Japanese society does” (Huey 652). The medieval world was greatly reflected in Japanese literature because during this time there were numerous civil wars that led to different classes in society. “In fact, many different types of people helped shape the medieval period. Over 400 years, from the late

Science In The Latter Medieval Period

1491 words - 6 pages The medieval period was rife with scientific discovery; from psychological to philosophical and medicinal to mathematical, the middle ages proved to cultivate and ultimately perpetuate ideas in copious numbers. The basis for medieval science, however, maintained its fundamental foundation within earlier teachings; with this knowledge, scientific minds of the middle ages were infinitely more able to apply their particular understanding. Indeed

Lack Of Creativity In The Medieval Period

1161 words - 5 pages Lack of ego, violence, and unproductiveness were some of the few characteristics Manchester attributed to the medieval mind. During this period of history, the people lacked creativity and only used the mechanisms that were created by the generations before. Violence helped noblemen rise to define themselves while the creative ones took generations to build a cathedral because they only cared about glorifying God. Knowing their identity in life

Nude Art In The Medieval And Renaissance Period

1592 words - 6 pages This paper explains the history and development of the nude art in the Renaissance and Medieval period. In the Renaissance age the patrons and artist readopted the antiquity of the classical Greek into representation of nude. This is an epoch when drastic changes occurred in which Christian authorities no longer viewed the nude art as something conflicting or shameful. In contrary they believed that nude being reformed in ancient in classical