Somerset Maugham said that “To eat well in England you should have breakfast three times a day”. “To live anywhere in the world you should eat at least three times a day” is probably close to the truth as well. What people eat and drink in countries close to the Mediterranean Sea is called the Mediterranean Diet. To compare this Mediterranean Diet to a typical Diet from the south of Benin, it would be correct to say that the Benin Diet is equivalent to the Mediterranean Diet because although the nutritional values are lower in the Beninois diet, it is cheaper and easier to find than the Mediterranean diet in the southern region of Benin. This paper is going to compare the diet of Benin to the diet of the Mediterranean from the nutritional values, the availability and the accessibility perspectives.
The Mediterranean diet emphasizes vegetables, fruits, legumes and grains. It also contains small amount of chicken and fish. Most fat comes from unsaturated olive oil and nuts. There are few sweet and meat. In combination with moderate exercise and not smoking, the Mediterranean Diet offers a scientifically researched, balanced, and health-promoting lifestyle choice. (HealthFitnessRevolution, 2013). The Mediterranean Diet is a balanced diet full of a variety of foods and can be followed easily. Key characteristics of the Mediterranean diet include one to two daily glasses of red wine for men and one glass for women. This difference in quantity of wine is due to the body mass, which is generally superior for men than for women. The characteristics include also many fresh fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, beans and whole grains eaten daily; weekly consumption of meat, poultry, eggs and olive oil and monthly consumption of dairy products, meat and sweet.
From a different analysis, the Mediterranean diet resemble a low cholesterol diet, on aspects like:
➢ Consuming a lot of fiber found in whole grains, vegetables and fruits eaten daily.
➢ Consuming less saturated fat and more unsaturated fat found in nuts, fish and olive oil. (Moll, 2008)
Research shows that if eaten for a number of years the Mediterranean diet can reduce the risks of developing heart disease, cancer, and hypertension, type two diabetes, Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. It also prolong life expectancy and reduces weight. (Brooks, 2013)
The picture above shows what the average diet in Africa is. My country is located in the west of Africa: it is Benin. In the south of Benin, my region, most of people like to eat ‘la pate’. It is widely eaten in the south Benin because it is a healthy heavy meal that can be eaten in different forms with different accompaniments. ‘La pate’ is made from maize. The maize is dried, and then ground into flour. Maize is a cereal grain that contains vitamins A, B6 and E and provides an excellent amount of potassium, phosphorus and magnesium. However, of the three major cereal...