The Meiji Restoration. Essay

1548 words - 6 pages

(a)Describe the modernisation of Japan:The Meiji Restoration describes a period of events which led to a dramatic change in the political and social structure of Japan following the downfall of the Tokugawa period. This period, called the Meiji period, lasted for 4 years (1866-1869), changing the traditional political system and revolutionizing Japan in a global context with Emperor Meiji reigning. Through this modernisation, Japan became accepted in the western countries and prospered economically, socially and as a nation evolved from a traditional feudal state to a modern imperial nation.At the rise of the Meiji period, many Asian nations, including Japan were being overpowered by Western powers, even forced to sign unequal treaties which were in economical and legal favour of the Western powers. An example of this was extra-territoriality, in which the foreign powers had the right to apply their own laws to their nationals staying in Japan. These were forced to the Japanese through military and social superiority. Due to this Japan was become weak and suffered constant fear of defeat by the Western powers with no advantages. Meiji Japan saw the need to upgrade its powers to recuperate independence, gain respect from the Western powers and become stronger against the Western powers politically, militarily and economically to get rid of the inequalities that were present. This was the basis of the Meiji modernisation with their slogan "rich country and strong army" (fokoku kyohei).A new government was formed, eradicating the traditional Tokugawa* government of shoguns* and samurais who formerly had complete power over the Japanese government (see appendix 1). With the emperor and Satsuma, Choshu families* controlling. To achieve a successful parliamentary structure, foreign structures were observed and imitated. As a result, Meiji Japan was the first in the world to use a democratic government system, although as democracy was misunderstood by the Japanese, the constitution stayed undemocratic, hence nationalism and patriotism were practised in effect. This system was established to construct an equal state, with equality among all. This was one of the first changes in the breaking down of Tokugawa Japan to establish the modern Meiji Japan.As the Meiji leaders started the reform of Japan, they found that other systems also needed to be changed for the success, thus complete modernisation was favoured. For example, military modernisation required weapons which demanded economic power, while to exercise military forces transport and communications were needed and a co-ordinated political power to control these. To ensure the people would understand these modernisations and adapt to them effectively, educational modification was needed. The various modernisations were interdependent on each other which resulted in the restructuring of Meiji Japan.To strengthen Japan, it was evident that new reforms were needed. Japan, seeing the power and...

Find Another Essay On The Meiji Restoration.

Meiji Restoration the reforms in education maintaing the new regime

644 words - 3 pages The Meiji Restoration occurred through a number of substantial changes to the old Tokugawa regime. The most significant of these changes, however, in permanently implementing this new regime, was the modernisation of the education system. The goal of the Restoration period was to learn from the western countries by borrowing the best technology available, whilst avoiding the mistakes traditionally associated with industrial development. With the

The meiji Restoration and how education helped the permanance of the new regime

730 words - 3 pages As said by Albert Craig, "It was not a revolution, not a change in the name of new values but rather, a change carried out in the name of old values ..."The Meiji Restoration from 1868 created both an institutional and constitution structure that allowed Japan in the coming decades to be a stable and industrializing country.A perfect example of the reforms that were a significant contributor in achieving the new regime's goals and ensuring its

To what Extent did the changes Brought in by the Meiji Restoration (1868-1912) Constitute a Revolution

1913 words - 8 pages The Meiji Restoration brought enormous changes in Japan's structure. It eliminated the Tokugawa Shogunate, which allowed the emperor to regain full power, and transformed Japan from a feudal system to a modern state. The new era established the Meiji Constitution, which created a new structure for the government and laws, reformed the military and education system, experienced westernization and was the catalyst towards industrialization

Change in Japan since its integration with the rest of the world after the 1868 Meiji Restoration. Define which aspects have been retained, invented, or abandoned, in the process.

1904 words - 8 pages Japan since the Meiji Restoration, particularly following World War II. However, it is interesting to note that the concept of Japaneseness is continually reinventing itself and changing with the times (McVeigh, 2004).It may be argued that several aspects of Japaneseness have been preserved despite huge international influences on Japan's social, political and education systems, particularly during the US Occupation. Japanese values which appear to

Meiji Restoration

772 words - 3 pages The Meiji Restoration was not only a Japanese revolution but it was also a transformation of state for Japan. It morphed Japan from a feudal state to a more contemporary state while at the same time restoring imperial rule. This meant all feudal domains and territories to be returned to the imperial government. Basically what had happened was all feudal lords were losing authority and control over Japan, and the Control and authority was being

The Nature and Characteristics of the Meiji Modernization

707 words - 3 pages The Nature and Characteristics of the Meiji Modernization The samurai leaders, mainly Satsuma and Choshu men’ who engineered and led the Meiji Restoration had no pre-conceived program of social and economic reforms in mind - i.e. the developments in the post-1868 period were not planned before the Restoration. The Meiji Restoration (1868) was essentially a political samurai movement aiming at the destruction of the

Separation of Religions in Meiji Japan

651 words - 3 pages institution of Buddhist temples became decadent to most people at that time (Tomatsu). Since Shinto had fused Buddhist worship for centuries, an effort to free Shinto from Buddhist domination triggered of violence and the breaking of images that committed against Buddhism.In fact, the separation of Shinto and Buddhism was due to an effort of the Meiji government to gain control of religious and political spheres. During Meiji restoration, a new form of

The Rise and Development of Nationalism in Meiji, Japan was a Result of Government Modernization Efforts

724 words - 3 pages , Christianity made little headway among the Japanese. By 1900, less than 1% of the population became Christians. With the Meiji Restoration, in order to carry out the modernization programme, the Japanese government made Shinto as the state religion so as to push forward their reforms more easily. Though the government patronized the spread of Shintoism for obvious political reasons, Shinto studies emphasized the divine and

The Role of the Emperor in Meiji Japan

3270 words - 13 pages imperialist's claims to restore the power of the Emperor is that the Meiji rulers only restored the Emperor to power symbolically, because he was both too young and his advisors too power hungry. By 1869, relationship between the Emperor and his Meiji bureaucracy were very similar to the Emperor and the Tokugawa Shogun before the restoration. Both the Meiji Bureaucrats and the Shogun ruled under the authority of the Emperor but did not let the Emperor

Modernization of Japan

1309 words - 5 pages out the foreigners, SONNOJOI was there slogan, which meant “Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarian!” Others were all for deposing the SHOGUN, who they felt surrendered the country too easily. Others believed that Japan should accept the foreigners, learn from them and modernize. Perry’s visits and the treaties provoked the revolution, which lead to the Meiji Restoration. In 1867 the Meiji Restoration began. There were two very significant

Social Impact of Westernisation in Meiji Japan

1398 words - 6 pages 1854 , the policy of closed country was abolished following American intrusion into Japan led by Commodore Matthew C. Perry . Following Perry, Japan was forced to open its borders to foreign trade and, ultimately, Western influence. Dwarfed by the advanced and industrialised West, the Meiji Era (1868-1912) was a time of significant change in Japan. Known as the Meiji restoration, the dramatic social, political and economic changes that revamped

Similar Essays

The Meiji Restoration Essay

1338 words - 5 pages . Conclusively, this photograph represents the change in military and the Restoration government’s rejection of the previous traditional samurai class. It also conveys Japan’s increasing militaristic attitudes and its need to reshape the military for recognition in the Western world.The Meiji constitution, promulgated in 1889, instigated a form of constitutional democracy and brought about much economic change. The economy was fundamentally

The Meiji Restoration Of Japan Essay

2028 words - 8 pages Between 1968 and 1912, Japan was going through a reformation called Meiji Restoration in order make the country strong as western countries. It had caused changes in many parts of Japan such as society, government, military, etc. Some of these changes still can be seen in the Japanese society today such as emperors are honored by Japanese citizens and seen as a special figure. Since this reformation had a great impact on development of Japan, it

The Military Events Of The Meiji Restoration

1736 words - 7 pages In this investigation I will look at the major historical and military events of the transition of the Edo period to the Meiji Period and the Meiji Restoration and look at how they relate to the freedom of Japanese people. Japan during the periods of 1600 – 1868 A.D. was a land of seclusion, military power and oppression. This was known as the Edo period. This however was one of the most peaceful times in Japan’s history. This peace was

Modernisation Of Japan During The Meiji Restoration.

1415 words - 6 pages "In achieving such a rapid and total modernisation, how much did Japan owe to Western Examples, and how much to its own resources and initiative?"In achieving such a rapid and total modernisation, Japan owed much of its success to Western Examples which were greatly used in their economic, social and political modernisation during the revolutionary Meiji restoration period, which marked the deliberate transformation by Japan and it's leaders in