In Venice, there lived a merchant named Antonio who had a poor friend called Bassanio. Bassanio wanted to marry a lovely, rich girl of Belmont called Portia but he needed money to reach her. Antonio could not give him money as his ships were at the sea. They went to a Jew money-lender called Shylock and asked him for three thousand ducats. He gave money on this condition that if they fail to pay his money back in three months, he will take a pound of flesh from Antonio's body. Bassanio reached Belmont and married Portia by choosing the correct casket. Three months passed and two of Antonio's ships were wrecked. Shylock wanted his pound of flesh in any cost. Bassanio went to Venice and then Portia followed him in disguise of a young man named Dr Balthasar. She reached Venice and presented Antonio in front of Duke cleverly. She asked Shylock to take a pound of flesh from Antonio's body without spilling any drop of blood. Afterwards Antonio was saved all thanks to Portia.
The pound of flesh is an important part in the play as it is a figurative way of referring to a cruel demand or a nasty penalty—the consequences of defaulting on a desperate bargain. But the desperate Shylock demands an exact pound of flesh as security when the merchant Antonio comes to borrow money for a friend. It's clear that the exciting bargain, with its hint of straight forward punishment, involved its first audience as it is appealing us. With the extreme cruelty of Shylock the Jew towards the merchant, in cutting just a pound of his flesh. Antonio agrees to Shylock's cruel terms, although he knows that Shylock hates him. But while Antonio is finally forced and while Shylock refuses the merchant's claims for mercy, Shylock is stopped in the end. Portia dressed as a well-known judge, Antonio's indirect recipient Portia takes Shylock's claim on the letter of the bond to its ridiculous conclusion. The bond specified only a pound of flesh, she maintains, but "no jot of blood." Shylock may be demonic but he can't perform miracles, Portia's clever piece of legal talk carries the day.
“Tarry a little. There is something else.
This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood.
The words expressly are “a pound of flesh.”
Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh,
But in the cutting it if thou dost shed
One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods
Are by the laws of Venice confiscate
Unto the state of Venice”. (Act 4, Scene 1)
Portia’s mercy speech is another important part in the play as This phrase occurs where Portia demands Shylock of being kind, stating that “The quality of mercy is not strain’d, It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven/Upon the place beneath”. In this way, she directly makes an appeal to Shylock to leave Antonio’s life saying that we all pray and plead to God for mercy for being kind-hearted and kind towards us, also he should be always kind and kind to him as well, and he will get reward from the heaven. Portia holds on convincing him to...