"The Message Of Hope In David's Repentance" (Analysis Of The Sin And Punishment Of King David, With Outside Sources)

1336 words - 5 pages

The different authors of the Old Testament, who are usually grouped into four writing traditions, all had different viewpoints and goals for their writing. One of these, the Deuteronomist tradition, is generally credited with the writing of the books of Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, First and Second Samuel, and First and Second Kings. Some of these books may first have been written before the fall of the monarchy, but they were finished and edited into their current form during the Exile. This means that the final redactors were putting these books together during a time of upheaval, when the Israelites have lost their government and their center of religion, and many had been forced to move out of the land which had been the kingdom. Because of this, the books of Deuteronomistic History attempt to both explain how the Exile came to be, but also to help the Israelites keep their faith and tradition while under foreign rule. 2 Samuel is one of the most important books in this attempt to keep tradition and hope alive.The Second book of Samuel contains a number of stories and events that are extremely important to the goals of the Deuteronomistic History. Probably the most important of these is 2 Samuel 7, which is the story of the Davidic Covenant. In this chapter, after David says that he wants to build a "house" for God, God makes a promise to him. He promises an eternal reign for David's offspring, even if they commit sins. God tells David, "Your house and your kingdom shall endure forever before me; your throne shall stand firm forever." The passage goes on to a prayer by David, which reminds the reader of the power of God by bringing up the Exodus from Egypt and other things that God has done for his people. It also says again that David's house will stand forever. This covenant is extremely important when looking at the story of David's sin and repentance in 2 Samuel 11-12.In chapter 11 of 2 Samuel, David commits a great sin in the eyes of God. He sleeps with Bathsheba, the wife Uriah the Hittite, a soldier in his army. When she conceives his child, David brings her husband home from war in an attempt to get him to sleep with his wife so that she could claim the child as Uriah's. When Uriah refuses, because he does not think it right that he can sleep with his wife while his fellow soldiers are fighting, David gives him a letter for Uriah's commander, saying that he wishes Uriah to be sent to an area of fierce fighting so that he will be killed. He then takes Bathsheba to be his wife. In chapter 12, we get Nathan's Parable, in which the prophet Nathan tells an allegorical story to David, which makes him realize his terrible sin. David confesses that he has sinned against God, but we find out from Nathan that, "The Lord on his part has forgiven your sin: you shall not die. But since you have utterly spurned the Lord by this deed, the child born to you must surely die." This part of the story, specifically, is extremely important to the aims of...

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