The Mexican war between two neighbors, The United states and Mexico during 1846 to 1848 was a defining for both the nations. United States became a continental power as Mexico lost half of its territory, the present American Southwest from Texas to California.
THE GEOGRAPHICAL BORDERLANDS
The region which Mexico lost to united states is a region with own diverse history and culture. It is the present day states of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California. Mexican, Native American and Anglo American cultures were clashed and blended here. The struggles over lands, legal rights and political power among various groups continued for many years after the war. This region is now one of the most economic and dynamic regions in united states.
The war between the two states was over a vast amount of terrain beginning with Texas. Texas had fine agricultural production, cotton in particular to be its major commodity. California had harbors on the pacific. The US was much interested in New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado Utah and Nevada but these territories needed to be conquered in order to connect the Atlantic to the Pacific by rail road which was a dream then. Texas and California were very rich provinces while the other had no political nor economic value. The Mexico recognized that it needed to hold these provinces from the US. In 1821 Mexico was sparsely populated with 3200 Mexicans. New Mexico had 40000. Texas had about 2500 Mexicans. There was no communication across the southwest. There was an enormous gulf between Santa Fe and San Francisco.
VAST DISTANCES SHAPING ATTITUDES AND INTERESTS IN PEOPLE LIVING IN REMOTE AREAS
Mexico was not a nation but rather a collection of nations. New Mexico, California, Yucatan, Zacatecas and Oaxaca - these areas far off from the nation were loyal to their regional governments. The center faced a threat to bring those parts together. Revolts started to break out in Mexico as the government moved towards centralism in the mid-1830s. The Texas revolt was a successful one as Texas was very near to US and could get arms, manpower and moral support from US. The Mexican economy was not strong enough to provide manufactured goods to frontiersmen at reasonable prices. The frontiersmen felt that they were politically neglected. This compelled them to look for their self-interest rather than to be loyal to Mexico. The Californians thought to create an independent California or the one under British, French or American. During the US Mexican war the New Mexicans thought to break away from Mexico and form an independent republic.
THE PROBLEMS OF THE SETTLERS THAT WERE UNIQUE TO THEIR PROVINCE AND HOW DID THEY RESOLVE IT.
The Northern provinces were scarcely populated. Search for population was one of the principal goals. People residing in Santa Fe were isolated from rest of Mexico. It took 40 days to travel from Santa Fe to Chihuahua. From Mexico City a journey by Wagon could take six months. So for them, US looked...