The Mexican and American War
“The United States had emerged as a modern capitalist nation, and the spirit of nationalism in the country was strong and growing” (Henderson 71). As tensions grew between the Unites States and Mexico, there was a thirst for war. The Unites States declared war with Mexico, because they owned land that Americans desired, resulting in America’s fulfillment of achieving their philosophy of “Manifest Destiny”. The blood boil of both countries caused a lot of bloodshed. The dispute lasted for a long two year battle which was for huge amounts of land. The Americans were victorious and claimed new territories from the conflict.
Manifest means obvious movement or expected movement. In the 1840’s, this philosophy of Manifest Destiny started from people believing that they must expand west to the Pacific Ocean. These people believed that this movement was predestined by God, which they must go from sea to shining sea. Americans did not just move because of this reason, there were other reasons that had contributed to their migration. “Manifest Destiny said that the Anglo-Saxon peoples of America had the right and indeed the duty to spread the blessings of freedom and civilization to those who dwelled in darkness” (Henderson 31).
Americans moved to the west for more practical reasons. One of them was to gain land. The southern land that Americans have been working on was overworked by crops such as cotton. Cotton was so profitable that farmers would just keep planting as fast as they could. Consequently, cotton crops destroyed the fertile land and made it very difficult to plant. As a solution, these farmers would gather their supplies and personal belongings and move west because the west had better pastures that would have great potential for plantations.
Secondly, Americans moved west because of personal economic problems. Throughout this time period, especially after Jackson was in office, there were small panics because of the downfall of the economy. One cause of the downfall of the economy at this time was because of the infertile land in the south. Many farmers lost their jobs. Americans would start losing their possessions and would move west to start a new life for themselves and for their families.
Lastly, the west provided a new market. During the course of the 1800s there was an increase of railroad activity. These railroads allowed smaller towns to be linked together. Because towns were now linked together, there were more opportunities for trade. People desired to buy and sell their things, and by moving west they can open up a new market to buy and sell their goods. The expansion to the west also expanded the trading market in the United States.
Americans were able to migrate west toward the Pacific Ocean by walking through trails. Such trails that they traveled through was the Santa Fe Trail. This trail starts from independence Missouri and ends in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Probably the more famous among...