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The Middle Ages Dbq Essay

1073 words - 5 pages

After the collapse of the Roman Empire, Europe remained split into two parts: Western Europe and Eastern Europe. Eastern Europe then after developed into the Byzantium Empire and left Western Europe in a period of slow development called the Middle Ages. The Middle Ages occurred around 500 A.D. to 1400 A.D. The Middle Ages were split into several different time periods called the Early Middle Ages, the High Middle Ages, and the Late Middle Ages, each period contributing to the tension or progress of the Middle Ages. The Middle Ages is deserving of the titles Age of Feudalism due to this governing style influencing the social order of the society and the Dark Ages because this time was plagued with disease and destruction, however, the Middle Ages is most deserving of the title Age of Faith due to the indomitable influence of the Roman Catholic Church on political and social issues throughout the Western Europe.
The Middle Ages deserve the title Age of Feudalism because feudalism influenced social roles of each individual in a manor for several hundred years. Feudalism was a politcal system where each indivdual was responsible for contributing to the manor but still recieved a service in return, a give and take relationship. For example, the feudal obligations between a vassal(knight) and a lord was that the lord provided vassals land(fief) and protection and a vassal would provide the lord military protection and loyalty (doc 4). Also it was impossible to move up or down ranks in the feudal system, serfs and peasants were bounded to their land (OI). Another example of how feudalism provided responsibility in each individual on the manor is in the Homage Oath taken by John of Toul, he swore to uphold his responsibilities of providing protection to the count and countess of Champagne by sending out his knights that have been living off the lord's land(fief) (doc 2). As a result of the feudal system, each individual had a responsibilty to the community which provided social order. This was crucial during the Middle Ages since the government was still in shambles after the collapse of Rome and the feudal system was the only order that was self-sustaining in a period of chaos, thus making the Middle Ages deserving of the title Age of Feudalism.
Another title that the Middle Ages deserve is the label Dark Ages because during the Middle Ages, there was constant chaos and destruction that plagued Western Europe. After the collapse of Rome, the invasions did not end there. The invasions continued throughout the Middle Ages by different groups and tribes. For example, during the ninth and tenth century, the Moor invasions have taken over the South and the Hungarians invaded the Eastern provinces. Both invasion groups sacked villages, held captives, burned down religious buildings, and left a path of destruction while many citizens that escaped took refuge in the mountains or deep forests (doc 1). Also during the invasions of the Moor and Hungarians,...

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