The Mind Body Relation At Descartes Essay

2861 words - 11 pages

Dualismul substanțial: problema relației minte-corpAbstract. Scopul lucrării este de oferi o perspectivă critică asupra bazelor și modului în care își formulează Descartes construcția metafizică cunoscută drept dualism substanțial sau dualism cartezian și de a analiza problema relației minte-corp ce apare odată ce concluziile dualismului substanțial sunt acceptate. În vederea unei expuneri clare a teoriei metafizice enunțată de dualismul substanțial mă voi folosi de textul Meditațiilor metafizice și voi analiza modul în care Descartes își construiește sistemul concentrându-mă asupra problemelor ce privesc construcția ontologică; analiza problemelor de natură epistemologică nu reprezintă obiectul acestei lucrări dar vor fi luate în considerare atunci când prezintă importanță.Voi începe prin a indica care este concepția lui Descartes despre suflet așa cum apare aceasta în Meditația a doua - proprietățile corpurilor sunt menționate de asemenea aici - urmând ca apoi să evidențiez modul în care acesta concepe natura corpurilor - în sensul de lucruri ce posedă întindere - ce este prezentată în Meditația a șasea și încheind cu argumentul privind natura diferită a substanțelor. Problema relației minte corp va fi tratată având în vedere principiul cauzal1 formulat de Descartes în cadrul Meditațiilor și întâmpinările aduse de către contemporanii acestuia.1 Pentru imagine detaliată a concepției lui Descartes asupra cauzalității consultați Clatterbaugh, K. The Causal Debate in Modern Philosophy 1637-1739, Routledge, 1996.2 Descartes, Rene. Meditații metafizice. Editura Crater, București, 1993. (trad. Ion Papuc). p.3 În citările ulterioare se va folosi MM urmat de numărul paginii.3 Se poate considera că o explicație pentru nemurirea sufletului este oferită prin plasarea sufletului pe planul ontologic superior al lucrurilor fără întindere, necompuse, unitare, astfel nemuritoare. Dar acestea, deși nemuritoare, pot fi distruse și nimic nu garantează că moartea nu nimicește atât trupul cât și sufletul. O demonstrație în sensul acesta nu se regăsește în Meditații.1. Introducere. Contextul apariției MeditațiilorÎn scrisoarea dedicată Facultății de Teologie de la Sorbona2 Descartes scrie că scopul Meditațiilor este acela de a răspunde chemării Conciliului de la Latran și de a oferi astfel o demonstrație a existenței lui Dumnezeu și a nemuririi...

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