This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Model Of Selective Optimisation Essay

1395 words - 6 pages

Nowadays, in times of medical and technical progress, when many diseases can be cured and when people pay more attention to healthy lifestyle, the life span in getting longer. Especially in Western and North Europe, where people have better quality of life, we experience the phenomenon of aging of the population. There is less number of births, because women prefer to improve their education and start career path, so they decide to begin family life later, and also the number of death due to higher life standard is much smaller. In the constant cult of youth, elderly people face the problem of accepting themselves, as weaker and not necessary in the society. 
Aging is quite sad and depressing period of life. The process of aging is difficult to accept for older adults. They experience many disappointments in connection with physical and mental health. They are not as bright as they used to be, they keep forgetting many things and physically they may not recognise themselves as attracting and interesting. Due to the phenomenon of aging of population, scientists were forced to change tactic and focus more on older adults as they need more care and attention, and also make older people realize that the last period of life does not have to be associated with loss, illness and unpleasant experiences. In fact, this is true that during the last years of life memory decline occurs and physical abilities are limited, but every development brings both gains and loss. It is essential to focus on positive aspects. Older adults, as they retire, have more time for social life. They can spend more time with family and they are able to become a part of a social group, for what they had not had time before. Elderly people can enjoy their free time and focus on their hobbies. This is how the concept of successful aging was built. This expression can be paradoxical, because how the period of many diseases, loss of abilities and close people, and the feeling of sudden death can be associated with a positive achievement? Paul B. and Margaret M. Baltes constructively claim that, process of aging should not be acknowledged as phase of life of constant disappointments, but it has to be treated as a different, selective kind of success. 
The concept of successful aging was mentioned early years before Christ by Roman stoicist philosopher Cicero, who claimed that being old does not have to bring unpleasant experiences, such as physical and mental loss. What is more, in his essay „De Senectute” (44 B.C./1979),  he argued that in late old age a person is finally able to focus on mental development, because is not interested in physical pleasures, anymore. As a precursor of stoicist philosophy, which rejects feeling satisfaction from physical needs and emphasize the importance of living in peace of mind and harmony, he claims that feeling the joy of life is possible only when a person is mature and in older age. Cicero denied the memory decline and declared that older...

Find Another Essay On the model of selective optimisation

The Use of Selective Exposition in The Lottery, by Shirley Jackson

1402 words - 6 pages a style of selective exposition in their work; Raymond Carver is widely recognized for his rejection of explanation and the use of characters that do not always communicate with one another, both of which are elements which Jackson incorporates into her own story. Initially, a lack of exposition may seem detrimental to the story, but instead it plays to the “mysterious nature of story” according to Charles E. May in his essay ‘Do You See What

Looking at selective mutism all aspect of the disorder - Boston MA - essay

1691 words - 7 pages mutism. Definition of Selective Mutism Selective Mutism, formerly referred to as Elective Mutism refers to a child developmentally able to speak, but who fails to speak in most social situations. The change of wording from Elective to Selective is to represent that the child is not choosing to remain silent but is unable to speak even when they want to. It is considered to be a childhood anxiety disorder with some of the following characteristics. A

The Model of the Atom

1412 words - 6 pages physics, one of the topics was Atomic and Nuclear physics. The topic was mainly about nuclear structure, radioactive decay, nuclear reactions and so on, but there was something in that topic that drew my attention, the model of the Atom. Ever since the fifth century, the understanding of the atom has evolved. The Greeks invented the idea of the atom, and they believed that it wasn’t physically divisible. Then, John Dalton revised the theory and

The Medical Model of Health

3186 words - 13 pages long since been exceeded, even for families without social disadvantages.Perhaps the problem lies neither in the primary-care pediatrician's abilities or motivation nor in the multitude of clinical expectations, but rather in a model of pediatric practice that has been essentially unchanged for the past 50 years: clinicians working one-on-one with a family in an office (with occasional support from a nurse or social worker). We need new models

The B.LA.C. Model of Knowledge

733 words - 3 pages This essay is going to be a rejection of all of the arguments pertaining to what true knowledge is. This includes the most popular argument the justified true belief model of knowledge. In the stead of these rejections I will be asserting my own model of what I believe knowledge to be. This model does not try to dispel luck from the realm of knowledge. On the contrary, my model of knowledge embraces the existence of luck wholeheartedly for I

The Multistore Model of Memory

826 words - 3 pages The Multistore Model of Memory The multistore model is a representation of memory based on having more than one different kind of store for remembered information. Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) proposed this model based on evidence related to the separate stores of memory (e.g. serial position: primacy recency, forgetting etc.). It suggests that memory comprises of three separate stores, the sensory memory

The Biomedical Model of Health

1914 words - 8 pages The bio-medical model of ill health has been at the forefront of western medicine since the end of the eighteenth century and grew stronger with the progress in modern science. This model underpinned the medical training of doctors. Traditionally medicine had relied on folk remedies passed down from generations and ill health was surrounded in superstition and religious lore with sin and evil spirits as the culprit and root of ill health. The

The Role of Role Model

893 words - 4 pages Stop” and “Wrecking Ball”. These two stars both have large and supportive fan bases, but which celebrity is the better role model for teenage girls is the question at hand. Jennifer Lawrence is a better role model for teenage girls than Miley Cyrus because of her beliefs, modesty, and humbleness. To begin with, Jennifer Lawrence is a better role model for teenage girls than Miley Cyrus because of her beliefs. Jennifer Lawrence’s ideals have a

The Levels Of Processing Model

1136 words - 5 pages The Levels Of Processing Model The Levels OF Processing (LOP) Model is an alternative to the Multi Store (MS) Model. It does appreciate the idea that both STM and LTM do exist however it does focus on the inter- related processes needed for memory. It looks at the way information is coded and how likely it is to be remembered depending on the type of coding. * The LOP model was based on a study by Craik & Tulving

The Stuart Model of Innovation

1324 words - 5 pages From compiling information, theory’s, and models from previous papers and research, I constructed the Stuart model of innovation. This model will incorporate a couple other models such as systems thinking, theory Y model, and some elements from both leadership ethics along with innovation team building. This paper will examine the most basic component of any business or organization, an innovative plan. Because an organization cannot even begin

Role Model of the West

1614 words - 6 pages For hundreds of years, Western Civilization has flourished and become very dominate with stable and powerful nations. Reasons why the Western Civilization have become such great nations has been much attributed to the great role model, ancient Greeks for their many contributions, such as architecture, fine arts, education, philosophy, and mostly for their form of democracy and ways of government. The architecture and fine arts in ancient

Similar Essays

Rationales Underpinning The Universal And Selective State Model

1041 words - 5 pages registers, TLBs and caches can be implemented using normal registers without retention. This has a profound impact on power and area savings for chip design. By selectively retaining the state of the programmer's ldquoarchitecturalrdquo model and not the increasing proportion of extra state, one can incorporate energy-efficient sleep modes. To the best of our knowledge this is the first study in the area of rigorous design and implementation of selective state retention.

The Genetic Aspects Of Selective Breeding In Holstein Dairy Cattle

1385 words - 6 pages versatility, Holsteins are resistant to stress and produce strong and hearty calves that have a rapid growth and an early maturity rate. Although Holsteins are resistant to stress, they do show intolerance to heat and disease. The consequence of such intolerance is a reduction in milk productivity (1). Even with a naturally high milk production, years of selective breeding has increased this yield further. Since the 1960s, the U.S. dairy

Does The Concept Of Negative Priming Contribute To Our Understanding Of Selective Attention?

1863 words - 7 pages . The main objective of the selective attention model is to achieve the higher level of processing of the achieved information. The primary function of the attention is focusing on the attended information more compared with the rest of the stimulation received . The efficient selection and response to targets simultaneous with disregard of distractors is an adaptive ability of humans and has been of high interest for many cognitive

Critically Discuss The Rationales Underpinning ‘Universal’ And ‘Selective’ Models Of Welfare Provision.

1032 words - 5 pages The universal model of welfare provision provides services as a right of citizenship and provides to all or to at least categories of people, such as the elderly (Elliot 2003, p. 1). Whereas, the selective model of welfare provision involves establishing criteria and a process for means testing applicants to allow access to welfare (Elliot 2003, p. 1). The universal and selective models of welfare relate to institutional and residual welfare