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The Mongols Essay

1130 words - 5 pages

Throughout the Post-classical Era in ancient history, many different civilizations coexisted throughout much of the known world at the time. A plethora of the ruling empires during that time had text-book worthy advancements and its own fair share of conflict, however none would create such an impact on all parts of the world much like the Mongols did. The Mongols, originally a nomadic group which settled on the steppes of Central Asia, began the largest conquest recorded in history during the 13th century. At the end of their reign, the Mongols had acquired a massive area of territory stretching between continents and also they also gained the reputation as barbarians. A loose way to think ...view middle of the document...

These cruel tactics left a large part of the known world under the Mongol rule but also many cities destroyed. This results in loss of cultures due to the Mongols’ annihilation of many cities and towns during their conquest. Since the fighting style of the Mongols was so ruthless, it is reasonable they could be considered barbarians since it reflected the idea that barbarians are people that lacked standard morals.
However, contrary to the idea that the Mongols were only ruthless invaders, they are actually civilized with their significant improvements to trading and commerce. The Mongols, after capturing areas of land successfully, implemented new innovations to trading which benefited not only Mongol traders but merchants of other areas. For example, the thriving time of peace under the Mongols in China during the Yuan Dynasty called the Pax Mongolica protected the cities along the caravan trade routes in places like Persia, Central Asia, and China from tax as those places were deemed tax-free custom zones (doc 6). Also many inventions were created under the Pax Mongolica and were produced to be traded with the areas of the west such as printing, gunpowder, the compass, paper currency, and cards (OI). This helped improve the idea of foreign trade between societies due to the tax-breaks which benefited the economy of both parties and a surplus in useful gadgets. With this constant trade occurring, gradual cultural blending and cultural diffusion were allowed to occur, not to mention, the trading allowed China to grow culturally diverse in all aspects at the same time providing stability in the economy. The Mongols rightfully deserve the title of civilized because it's evident that there a foundation of culture, not the absence of one making them unfit for the title of barbarians.
The Mongols should not be considered barbaric due to their war tactics and when taking in account how they help create better living circumstances by spreading ideas of tolerance and safety, the Mongols should in fact be regarded as civilized. The Mongols successfully implemented ideas by revitalizing the laws and codes of conduct that were already in place. For example they improved the idea of tolerance by accepting the fact that although there is just one God that everyone should worship, just like how God has different fingers, there are different ways someone could practice a monotheistic religion (doc 9). Another example of tolerance would be how in China,...

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