Imagine…the birth of a human being into the world. 9 months of endless anticipation leading to someone’s first chance at seeing the world for the first time. While some enjoy the result of a pregnancy, leading to a new human being entering life, some are not so fond, or just can’t be in such a situation. Abortion is the supposed “cure” to this problem and is, for the most part, done safely. However, one of the factors stopping someone from committing an abortion is the consideration of moral status on the child.
Moral status means that there are moral implications to how you treat a particular thing (if, in this situation, should the fetus be treated like a human being and not an object to dispose.) There may be no moral implications to a piece of paper, but there are moral implications to a human being. The question that leads up is, while there is a clear difference between the two, there is a question of what is the reason that we treat one thing as valuable over another. Is the reason we treat one thing as more valuable over another is because one can speak our language, or because one has a heartbeat while the other is practically lifeless? The problem of moral status is central to the question of abortion.
Abortion, by definition, is the termination of the unborn as a result of its physical destruction. That is to say it is killed before it is ever born from the woman it is conceived through. There are three types of abortion existing in the world today, one more extreme than the other. The three in discussion are therapeutic abortion, spontaneous abortion, and elective abortion. While people have their different sides regarding this topic, the one that is up for conversation being argued by both sides of groups is elective abortion, since it is done out of willful consent and not regarding a woman’s health.
The first of the types of abortion is therapeutic abortion, defined as, “abortion induced when pregnancy constitutes a threat to the physical or mental health of the mother.” This is done to prevent any health risks to the woman, and is usually done “in collaboration with her obstetrician, a specialist in the disease in question, a geneticist, and a neonatologist.” The second of these types is the spontaneous abortion, or a miscarriage in a pregnancy. This is the abortion not done out of will and is always something out of the mother’s control. The third and final type of abortion is the elective abortion, “induced termination of a pregnancy (TOP), usually before the fetus has developed enough to live if born, deemed necessary by the woman carrying it and performed at her request.” This is abortion done out of the mother’s will, and unlike therapeutic abortion, this isn’t done for the health of the mother, but out of other reasons.
Biological life carries five criteria to show that it is a living being. The first criterion is to be able to take in food. The second criterion is to be able to excrete waste. The third criterion is to...