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The Morality Of Birth Control Essay

1028 words - 5 pages

The Morality of Birth control originally surfaced as a pamphlet in 1918, which questioned the morality of denying knowledge surrounding a drug which could prevent pregnancy women. In 1913 Margaret Sanger worked as a nurse in a New York. There Sanger watched one woman fall ill from a household abortion. The doctor told this women to avoid pregnancy she should “have her husband sleep on the roof” (Richmond Edu, Par. 7). A few months later Sanger found the same women dead after a second self-inflicted abortion. This horrendous event pushed Sanger to advocate a right she believed all woman should have.
By 1921 Sanger had established the American Birth Control League which America now know as the Planned Parenthood Organization of America. In the same year Sanger delivered an activist speech called The Morality of Birth Control in Park Theatre New York on November 18.
In the 1921 women's rights were just developing a serious persona in society. It was not until August 26 of 1920 that women were given the same rights and responsibilities of citizenship as men. And although these rights were legal by 1921, many religious groups did not believe women should have the freedom to make their own decisions about reproduction. It was believed that if a woman had this “freedom” that she would lose her morality, on the basis that freedom from pregnancy would evoke higher levels of promiscuity.
Sanger makes direct and specific remarks about the churches opinion on this topic
When women asked for franchise it was said that this would lower her standard of morals, that it was not fit that she should meet with and mix with members of the opposite sex, but we notice there is no objection to her meeting with the same members of the opposite sex when she went to church (Sanger).

This direct remark toward the church and members of the church would have been very offensive, because it clearly stated the churches bias toward women and their freedoms. It stated this bias on an offensive level, suggesting that women deserved more respect than the church was providing.
In the preceding paragraph Sanger specifically states that its has been a consistent ideal that women’s freedom would ultimately lead to immorality. She continues to explain how the church maintains morality through the promotion of fear and ignorance. She addresses the crowd with a bond, stating “And ours [pro-child birth supporters] is the morality of knowledge” (Sanger). Not only is it used to state what the church believes, but it also uses antithesis to directly state what Sanger and all other pro- knowledge American’s believed.
Toward the middle of the speech it is stated “conscious control of offspring is now becoming the ideal and the custom in all civilized countries” (Sanger). This would have infuriated the members of the church because Sanger's syntax emphasizes that all civilized countries look at birth control as a custom of life. This indirectly states that if...

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