This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Morals And Ethics Of Genetic Engineering

3610 words - 14 pages

Introduction
Widely considered a revolutionary scientific breakthrough, genetic engineering has been on a path toward changing the world since its introduction in 1973 by Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer (What). However, as genetic engineering slowly permeates the lives of humanity, the morals and ethics behind what are now common practices are entering public attention, and as a culture we are left to question whether the change brought on by such a discovery bring benefits and positive change, or damage and destruction. Genetic engineering is justified through applied bioethics and despite arguments against its societal implantation, should be fully utilized in efforts to develop into the 21st century.
Genetic engineering refers to the technology used to alter and transport genomes and organisms, effectively shaping them to the desire or will of the geneticist. Genetic engineering can also be referred to as Genetic Modification or Genetic Manipulation (Genetics). Organisms that undergo or are created by the process of genetic engineering are referred to as Genetically Modified Organisms or GMOs for short. Genetic engineering can be used to create or change entire species, such as glow in the dark organisms, and is widely used in industries such as agriculture and energy production (Genetics).
The scientific process of genetic engineering is very complex and much more difficult than it would seem. First, an organism with the desired trait is located and selected. Cellular DNA is extracted from this organism to transplant the desired trait into the new organism. Gene cloning follows, with the locating and copying of the desired trait. The new gene(s), called a transgene is delivered into cells of the recipient organism, or transformation. The most common transformation method utilizes bacteria that naturally engineer plants with recombinant DNA. The transgene is injected into the microorganisms, known as plasmids, which subsequently distributes it into cells of the organism being engineered. The gene gun method, another transformation technique, discharges microscopic gold specks glazed with duplicates of the transgene into cells of the inheritor organism. With either method, there is a lack of control over where or if the gene will transplant into the genome, thus often hundreds of attempts are necessary to create a transgenic GMO (What).
So why is this scientific process controversial? As a relatively novel facet of the scientific community, it is not entirely understood and its effects have yet to be seen due to its fairly broadened usage. Arguments exist over the potential environmental danger the permanent decrease in biodiversity brought on by the engineering of species could bring. The mass consumption of GMOs by average consumers has unknown, if any, health effects and many argue that the possible risk is enough to cease genetically engineering agricultural products. Lastly, there is the concern that mankind is “playing God”, that we...

Find Another Essay On The Morals and Ethics of Genetic Engineering

The Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering

820 words - 3 pages Genetic engineering is the growing science of the world and is increasingly under the spotlight over ethical issues. Is biotechnology going to save lives, rather than destroy them? and will the benefits outweigh the risks? The main problem with such questions is that we don't know the answer until we try them out. Like all sciences it is hard to predict outcomes, so far there have been more failures being told than success stories. Genetic

The Progression of Genetic Engineering and Cloning

746 words - 3 pages Imagine having to explain to your child why they don’t look like you because of you’re selfishness. Imagine thinking your going to design your baby and turns out it has severe leukemia because scientists didn’t put together your baby right. Where Genetic Engineering and Cloning is headed this is possible. Not only is this effecting your child its affecting the whole world as well. Many people think they only do this in humans it happens in

Genetic Engineering and the Public

1035 words - 4 pages Genetic Engineering and the Publics Uses of Genetic Engineering Opinions about genetic engineering range from disgust to awe. These opinions may also depend on what type of animal is being genetically manipulated, how such manipulation is being done, and for what reasons. In California, pet fish that have been genetically altered to fluoresce (glofish) have been restricted for sale.[1] Yet, for the rest of the United States these fish are

Genetic Engineering and the Media

1754 words - 7 pages Genetic engineering and its related fields have stimulated an extremely controversial scientific debate about cloning for the last decade.  With such a wide range of public opinions, it is hard to find any middle ground.  Some feel that improving the genes of future children will help mankind make a major evolutionary step forward.  Others agree that there could be dangerous unforeseen consequences in our genetic futures if we proceed with

The Benefits of Genetic Engineering

3305 words - 13 pages quite volatile topic these days. On the one side, people are screaming about how people are "playing God" and the potential for disaster, and on the other side people are screaming about the vast potential for good that it has. But how can anyone make a decision if most of those people do not even know what genetic engineering is? The man who perhaps started this genetic revolution was a humble Augustininan monk by the name of Gregor Mendel. He

The Benefits of Genetic Engineering

1018 words - 4 pages this field. Today's research in genetic engineering is bringing about new methods for curing and treating major medical illnesses. The Human Genome Project has allowed geneticists to map the genes of human beings. This project is far from complete, as the DNA sequence of humans is extremely long, yet it will eventually show geneticists which genes are responsible for certain inherited diseases. Identified genes could be repaired

The Dangers of Genetic Engineering

1076 words - 4 pages help their children have the best possible life, free of diseases and pain.  This hope for a good life gives rise to the use of genetics as an eliminator of diseases that are a result of imperfect DNA.  After this pragmatic use, however,  is the expectation that genetic engineering will bring about a systematized choice about better or exceptional babies.  With the ability to alter a gene pattern comes the prospect that children face today - that

The Benefits of Genetic Engineering

1076 words - 5 pages Technology and science have always worked in tandem towards mankind’s intellectual pursuit of the natural world, in particular being the research of the composition and anomalies of the genetics of all living things through genetic engineering, particularly human beings, whose intricate complexities both intrigue and frighten humanity itself with new discoveries constantly. As a consequence of the nature of researching upon the biological

The effects of genetic engineering

1127 words - 5 pages First of all I would like to say that I am not a "science person". It is just not my subject. We got assigned to do a paper on the genetic engineering of crops. Now, my thrill level of the genetic engineering of crops and plants is not very high, to be completely honest with you. I mean, I know it is important and all because food is how I survive but, would I call it interesting? Nope, not to me at least but anyways everything worked out. Not

The Future of Genetic Engineering

653 words - 3 pages intervene? Will our insurance companies charge greater fees based on if we have a genetic disorder? It’s all very interesting and one can’t help but wonder what will happen.   Work Cited: Gridley, Deborah. “Genetic Testing Under the ADA: A Case For Protection From Employment Discrimination.” The Georgetown Law Journal 89.4 Apr. (2001): 973-99. Pearson, John. “Regulation In the Face of Technological Advance: Who Makes These Cells Anyway?” Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics, & Public Policy 13.1 (1999): 1-8.

The Dangers of Genetic Engineering

723 words - 3 pages endanger a life without consent of that life? They did not ask to be changed, Like in Frankenstein “when the monster questions victor of why he created him?” (shelly). Genetic engineering should not be allowed, only in cases to sustain or better a life. Scientist have already performed the process of genetically engineering. Jason Barrit and Jacques Cohen are both scientist who have developed seventeen fetuses using genetic engineering, which

Similar Essays

The Ethics Of Genetic Engineering Essay

2994 words - 12 pages III. Medical Benefits a) What are they b) What are the risks IV. Legislation a) Who regulates it b) What is regulated The Random House Webster’s College Dictionary defines bioethics as a field of study and counsel concerned with the implications of certain medical procedures, genetic engineering, and care of the terminally ill. I will be exploring and commenting on how bioethics relates to genetic engineering. Genetic

Ethics Of Genetic Engineering Essay

847 words - 3 pages Ethics of Genetic Engineering Within the last two decades scientists have developed several new techniques, which manipulate and alter the genes found in the cells of living organisms. This wonder of the century, genetic engineering has turned heredity --the passing of inheritable characteristics from parent to off spring- from a natural, random event into a process that can be artificially controlled and exploited. It has the potential of

The Ethics Of Genetic Engineering And "Designer Babies"

1496 words - 6 pages the end of many horrible birth defects that mutilate or kill hundreds of thousands of infants each year.When debating the ethics of genetic engineering, it is crucial to consider the multitude of procedures that are already available that can accomplish things that were once impossible, and how much suffering these procedures can and already have eliminated. Scientists can screen for healthy embryos so that genetic defects that may be crippling

The Pros And Cons Of Genetic Engineering

1043 words - 4 pages . It is used for producing proteins which can be used by humans, such as insulin for diabetics and is also used to make organisms better at surviving, for example genetically modifying a plant so that it can survive in acidic soil.      There is debate about whether genetic engineering should be used or not, and to what degree. There are many problems that can occur from the process and many of these cannot be avoided