The Mortar It's History During Ww1. Who First Used It In Ww1. How The Opposite Side Reacted. How Effective Was It During Ww1.

663 words - 3 pages

The MortarGenerally the mortar was just a metal cylinder attached to a bipod mount. There was a projecting pin inside the base of the tube so that when the mortar bomb was slid down the tube a detonating charge was set off that flung the bomb into the air. The bomb itself was usually made of cast iron and varied somewhat in size and design. They were originally equipped with timed fuses but these were replaced quickly by impact fuses. Mortars themselves could be found in several, slightly varied shapes and sizes.Mortars were used to hurl their bombs high into the air at steep angles. The desired effect was that the bomb would fall from directly above, landing right on the enemy. This kind of weapon was made very useful in trench warfare, as you could attack your enemy without leaving the safety of your trench. Mortars were used to take out enemy machine gun posts, suspected sniper posts or other designated features. Larger mortars were occasionally used to cut enemy barbed wire, generally in situations where field artillery could not be used.Although the British managed to produce the most effective design, the Germans were the first to utilize their potential during WWI. German military observers of the Russo-Japanese war left with a renewed respect for the mortar bombs they'd seen deployed. They began stockpiling mortars in the few years prior to the war and by the time war had hit, they had around 150 mortars available to them. The German's had envisaged how useful mortars would be against the eastern fortresses of France and this was their initial motive for stockpiling them.The French and British were caught completely off guard by the reinvention of the mortar. The French reacted initially by digging up ancient stockpiles of mortars from the Napoleonic times (known by the Brit's as "Toby" mortars after the British officer who had the idea of securing these...

Find Another Essay On The Mortar - It's history during WW1. Who first used it in WW1. How the opposite side reacted. How effective was it during WW1.

The Deadliest Battles Of WW1. Essay

638 words - 3 pages succeeded. These wars used several deadly weapons such as machine guns, artillery, and guns. During the bombardment, Germany used machine guns to attack the British armies, and the result was successful. They made the most part of British troops forced back into their trenches and made them were killed and wounded. To use the machine gun, it needed 4-6 men and it had to be on the flat surface and using the flat trajectory tripod to keep it stable

Frenemies in WW1 Essay

2297 words - 10 pages started to reshape. But Britain’s ambition to rule the world was steady. Under these conditions “geographical and constitutional environment were trifles”, as Winston Churchill used to say (Churchill 4). The same attitudes existed during preparation for the great European war, which became the first World war for humanity, during the war efforts and, when the war was over, during solving the main postwar issue – shaping a new system of

Trench Warfare in WW1

3038 words - 12 pages Trench WarfareWorld War I brought with it a style of warfare so barbarous that it ultimately benefited no one, yet scarred those involved for life. This scarring is quite evident from accounts of those present during the war, when trenches were the supreme defense. Trench warfare had many deficiencies and it shows in that many soldiers never healed from the mental wounds inflicted by those dreaded sights. Many of the men felt it was their duty

Trench Warfare in WW1

680 words - 3 pages was another disease found in the trenches. After hours of standing in waterlogged trenches, the feet would begin to numb, change colour, and swell, and this would soon result in amputation. There was one way to cure trench foot without amputation, and that was to dry feet and change socks regularly. During the winter of 1914-15, over 20,000 men in the British army were treated for trench foot. Whale oil was used to oil the soldiers' feet because

Assess the Impact of WW1 on British women during the period 1914 - 1921'

1352 words - 5 pages as they were thrust into the labour, social and economic spotlight, something never previously seen in British history. In particular the allies' defeat of Germany relied heavily on the input of women. Women were used extensively in Propaganda schemes run by the Government as a means to encourage men to join the army. Although the end of the war saw most women return to their traditional roles, the contribution of the female population on such

How Nationalism In The Balkans Contributed To The Outbeak Of WW1

791 words - 3 pages significant problems in the months to come. With the decline of Bulgaria and Turkey in the Balkans, the Serbs were able to gain a great deal of power in the area. Austria-Hungary felt threatened by a Serbia growing in power and wished to crush it before it was too late. The Serbs were now a very proud people who wished to see the unification of all Slavs. The people of Bosnia belonged to the same Slavic race as the Serbs and wished to join Serbia

History From Reconstruction Through Ww1

1324 words - 5 pages the laws." (This was the first national definition of citizenship in American history, and it attempted to protect civil rights against state interference.) (Congress). Most white southerners overlooked the 14th Amendment, and saw it as an insignificant amendment. Reconstruction attempted to change African Americans lives by giving them political freedom. With the new additions/amendments to the constitution they were applicable for law

Are the generals of ww1 donkeys?

1247 words - 5 pages . Arguing that they eventually learnt from their mistakes and there was no one better to take their place. Ultimately it can be argued that, generals made huge mistakes throughout the war.Generals can be seen as stubborn since they were unable to compromise their naïve, outdated and foolish tactics. For example the use of the cavalry charges in ww1 could have been effective if generals had not sent them up hill- (high wood), and across mud and

What were the causes of WW1?

3720 words - 15 pages other European powers to regard Germany as a real danger to European peace.An example of a historian, who agrees that it was Germany who was to be blamed for the war is Fritz Fischer, he was a German historian who actually wrote a book, called "Griff nach der Weltmacht" (meaning, "grab for world power), which was thought to be a bombshell. In it he said that it was Germany responsible for preparing and launching the First World War, and the major

technology vs. ww1

879 words - 4 pages armies. Conclusively, substantial amounts of research have proven how technology made a great impact on WW1. WWI was one of the crucial events of the 20th century. Starting 1914 through 1918 clash fumed worldwide in much of Europe, the United States, and most of the Middle East. Defining technical history, World War I is momentous as it marked the introduction of many innovative types of weapons from industrial advances in history comprising

Wilfred Owen's WW1 Poetry

2235 words - 9 pages left only a few German survivors and another battle began in late July with the Germans re-forming and bringing up reserves. This battle was fought in mud so deep that wounded men fell into shell holes and drowned. For the first time Germans used the blistering burning Mustard Gas which, along with the mud and water, caused persistent casualties long after its release. 245,000 British were lost and the Germans almost double that.(http//www.emory

Similar Essays

The Evolution Of Fascism During Post Ww1 Europe

2360 words - 9 pages undesirables. Hitler had served in the Bavarian Reserve Regiment during WW1 and received two iron crosses as a result of bravery under enemy fire. He had long admired Germany and was very active in post war politics, his status as a war hero gave him legitimacy and automatic respect. After the war he was infuriated with the signing of the Versailles Treaty and spoke publicly against it, developing his ability to speak charismatically in front of an

“Mere Sideshows With No Relevance To The Main Event” How Far Do The Campaigns Away From The Western Front During Ww1 Justify This Comment

1302 words - 5 pages "Mere Sideshows with no relevance to the main event"- How far do the campaigns away from the western front during WW1 justify this comment - Arthur Martin Leake History Essay 2014The Great War was "a war to end all wars"-(Woodrow Willson, the American president during WW1), there can be no doubt about that. However, was the action on the Western Front the sole reason for the First World War's notability or were there other events which shaped

Ww1 â€" The Spanish Influenza Essay

761 words - 3 pages Before the emergency of the Great War, known today as World War 1 (WWI) had ended, a new crisis which would fully engage pharmacists had already begun to show itself ? the influenza pandemic. Also known as the ?Spanish Flu? (it was called the Spanish Flu because Spain experienced the first major outbreak) or ?La Grippe?, the influenza has been cited as the most devastating epidemic in recorded world history. More people died of influenza in a

Conscription In Ww1 Essay

553 words - 2 pages History essay:“Were Australians against the introduction of conscription during WW1?”As the war was happening people back home in Australia were starting to realise that the war was not as much about bravery and pride as they originally thought because very few men were returning, but the government needed young healthy men because of the amount of men on the front line dying and they needed to be replaced.Australian men weren’t