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The Common Factors Experienced By All Countries Who Industrialized(2)The Factors That Were Unique To Individual Countries. Which Were The Most Important Factors In A Country's Industrialization?

1415 words - 6 pages

In the mid 18th century, a revolution took place in Britain that caused a worldwide transformation. The Industrial Revolution, brought about by the Scientific Revolution and enlightenment, gave incite into how to effectively work more efficiently. "The two central features of industrialization-revolutions is technology and in the organization of production-yielded one clear result: a great increase in the total output of goods and in individual worker output." Britain's successes of the Industrial Revolution directly lead to two other waves of industrialization. Around 1760, the United States, France and Germany followed Britain's lead. The third wave occurred in Asia, which included Russia and Japan. All three waves of industrialization contained certain characteristics that were essential to be successful, but conversely, they all had their own variations. Also, it is the factors that all the countries shared that were most important in a country's industrialization.In the late eighteenth century, the industrial revolution, which caused a worldwide change, began in Great Britain. Many aspects of how Great Britain began and continued their industrialization influenced other countries to try similar techniques. The changes in Britain began to influence Western European nations and parts of North America. The three countries that directly followed Britain's lead were the United States, France, and Germany. This second wave of industrialization was very effective because the elements that were successful with Britain were used.The improvement of technology was one of the principal reasons why countries had a successful industrial revolution. Similar technology was used in the first and second wave of industrialization, which included Great Britain, the United States, France, and Germany. The United States, France, and Germany got many of their ideas from Britain by way of spies, and once the ideas were back in their countries; they would build upon the good ideas. Initially, most countries used the power of animals or humans to get a job done, but with a breakthrough invention, labor was much easier. The introduction of the steam engine was a significant contribution to the revolution. The first model by Thomas Newcomen was fairly inefficient, but soon after James Watt experimented with the original model. It wasn't until 1800 that Watt retained the patent rights of the steam engine, and it began to spread throughout the world. While Britain made strides for industrialization with an invention like the steam engine, France and the United States introduced new technology themselves. France's new inventions focused on the textile industry. The French introduced the mechanical loom for fine cloth and the Jacquard that helped spread mechanization in textiles. The United States introduced the sewing machine in the 1840's and began to have a prospering textile industry similar to Britain's and France's. The introduction of the steam engine also helped...

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