Autism was discovered in the early 1900. It was then used to name a range of different neuropsychological conditions. The Term Autism is derived from the word “autos” that in Greek means self. This word was used because Autistic people usually keep to themselves and keep away from social interactions. The first person to use this term was a Eugen Bleuler. He was a Swiss Psychiatrist. He started this in 1911 and he used this to refer to certain symptoms from schizophrenia. The term became used in the USA in the 1940’s. It was then used by a doctor from John Hopkins University to name withdrawn behavior that he observed by children.
Asperger’s Syndrome which is part of the Autism Spectrum was identified by Hans Asperger and hence it is named after him. People who are diagnosed with Asperger are usually very intelligent. They don’t necessarily have language problems. However, they do have trouble with social interaction.
Up until the 1960 Schizophrenia and Autism was considered to be pretty much the same. After that professionals began to separate Autism to a Category by itself. Some people used medication to treat it. Others used punishments to deal with this problem. Behavioral therapy was started during the 1980 and 1990 to treat Autism.
Nowadays, the most common treatments for Autism is behavioral therapy. ABA therapy is a very common technique used. (Simpson) The children with Autism are taught general social skills. One way this is taught is through modeling social behaviors to them and teaching them to imitate it.
Autism is a disease. One of the main characteristics is having social problems. Children with Autism have trouble interacting with other children. They won’t play with other children. They could be so focused on what they’re doing that anyone who talks to them will be ignored. They don’t understand how to say hello to other people. They don’t look people in the eye. There are of course many different levels in Autism. Some could have a very mild case while other ones could have a severe form of it.
People with Autism have difficulty with communication. They don’t understand peoples feeling that well. They will not have sympathy if they see someone crying. They don’t know the general social cues. Some of them need to have the same structure every day. A change could create a hazard for them. They could be neat freaks which means everything needs to be in the exact same place every day. Any change is very hard for them to accept.
Asperger is also on the Autism spectrum. The difference is that these people are more intelligent people who could have normal language progression. However, they still have the social problems like people with Autism. (Wing)
There are several ways to detect ASD. One sign of autism is children who have a hard time socializing with others. They don’t have empathy for others. Another sign is repetitive physical behavior like rocking back and forth or waving their hands. (Zwaigenbaum)