This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Most Widely Used Illicit Drug In The United States

1057 words - 5 pages

The most widely used illicit crud in the United States is marijuana. The most widely and popular illicit drug among college students is marijuana, with some students reporting using marijuana at least four times a week. But what are the academic implications of regular marijuana use? Will it negatively affect one’s GPA? This paper investigates and discusses the negative implications of regular marijuana use.
Marijuana appears to be the drug of choice among college students and young adults and has been for the past decade. The prevalence of this particular illicit drug among this group of young adults brings to the forefront the question, what are the effects of marijuana use on grade point average (GPA)? Who is using the drug and how often? What are the effects of marijuana on the brain and brain processes? As a college student these questions are so important because the drug is so readily available to us and with the ongoing legalization of marijuana for recreational and medical use it’s important to know the facts. While marijuana remains a schedule 1 drug, it is still the most widely used illicit drug among college students in America.
This paper will cover how marijuana acts in the brain, and how the drug alters normal psychological and physiological processes. I will also cover information of the prevalence of use and abuse among college students and what motivates them to use the drug.
Marijuana in The Brain
Marijuana, also known as cannabis sativa, is dried and rolled into cigarettes and smoked. In small to moderate doses, delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the plants active ingredient, is absorbed into the bloodstream via the lungs, and produces feelings of well-being and euphoria. When THC enters the brain it stimulates the users reward system by stimulating the brain to release the chemical dopamine. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that is released by nerve cells to send signals to other nerve cells. Dopamine plays a major role in motor control, motivation, arousal, cognition, and reward. After smoking marijuana, one may begin to experience relaxation, sensory perception, altered perception of time and increased appetite. In large doses, the drug can cause paranoia, hallucinations, and dizziness (Fackelmann 1993). Many studies have been conducted to determine the effects marijuana has on the brain and brain function and motor effects. A report from the University of Tondheim, Norwegian Institute of Technology published a study of the possible brain effects by researcher Tarald O. Kvalseth, he finds that “while marijuana does not seem to affect reaction of speed of movement, it can reduce the accuracy of such movements. “ Kvalseth conducted an experiment using six “experienced marijuana users” all within the college student age range. Each subject underwent a series of tests after smoking lightly and heavily; Kvalseth reports that marijuana “did not have a statistically significant effect on...

Find Another Essay On The Most Widely Used Illicit Drug in the United States

Drug Abuse in the United States

1034 words - 4 pages Drug Abuse in the United States of America In the United States of America, we, the people value several things, some of which are freedom, expanding and taking care of our families and our financial security. We, the people, take such things for granted. We also discourage some behavior, such as crime, laziness and use of illegal drugs. Drug abuse is one of the most discouraged behaviors in our country. Use of illegal drugs is

The Increase in Drug Use in the United States

3830 words - 15 pages approximately 1.2 million ecstasy pills coming into the United States, which increased ten fold by the year 1999, bringing in 12.1 million tablets. It is the most widely used drug next to marijuana among young adults and dominates the rave and club scene. Ecstasy is a 'psychedelic amphetamine' that has gained popularity over the past 20 years because of its ability to produce strong feelings of comfort, empathy, and connection to others. MDMA use is closely

Drug Abuse in the United States on the Rise

931 words - 4 pages Drug Abuse in the United States has gone down since the 1990’s but now that percentage is starting to increase. Nowadays children perceive drugs to be less and less harmful and are deciding to try hard drugs such as amphetamines, stimulants, and opiates. These drugs are extremely addictive, one try and you could be hooked on for life. This is dangerous, the earlier children start to try drugs the more prone they are to dealing with addiction as

Drug Influence in the United States and Mexico

1399 words - 6 pages 1980 to over 400,000 by 1997” (“A Brief History of the Drug War”). Another failed attempt took place in 1984 with first lady, Nancy Reagan. Nancy Reagan started the “Just Say No” campaigns and clubs, this was an attempt to lecturing students about the negative effects of drugs, but instead these campaigns had a negative result; students were still prone to consuming drugs and nothing severely changed (Suddath). The United States government has

The 1940’s as The Most Influencing Decade in the United States

1588 words - 6 pages For many years there has been a discussion about the best decade and the best era in the United States of America. People are convincing each other that twenties were the Golden Age or 1990’s were the most influencing but there is no clear and nationwide agreement in that case. In fact, according to different authors and publishers there was no year that actually resolved all problems in the United States. From some people’s point of view

The Methods of Execution used in the United States of America

1661 words - 7 pages The Methods of Execution used in the United States of AmericaWhy read?*Firstly you will learn about the different types of executions that take place, when someone is sentenced to the death penalty.*You yourselves will be able to judge whether these types of execution are a so called Humane and Painless way to die.*Although very doubtful, you may well find yourself in the position where this is happening to you!Things to be covered.*The

Drug Abuse in the United States: a Public Health Issue or a Criminal Justice Issue?

1615 words - 6 pages Everyday Americans are arrested for illegal drug abuse, making it difficult for them to receive employment and maintain a financially stable lifestyle. If all illegal drugs were decriminalized entirely, drug abuse would drop dramatically. Drug abuse in the United States is seen as a criminal justice issue and, millions of individuals are incarcerated each year. Instead of criminalizing the use of drugs, abuse should solely be seen as a health

Andrew Jackson: The Most Controversial United States President

639 words - 3 pages Presidents are usually looked up to and admired throughout the country they serve. Andrew Jackson, the six-foot two-inch seventh President of the United States of America, was born in South Carolina and later moved to Tennessee. He was elected president because of his military victories, such as the Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812. Andrew Jackson was by far one on the most controversial presidents because of his self-focused actions

United States Drug Policy

1459 words - 6 pages issue. The drug trade into the United States involves many different countries, especially those in Latin America. U.S. relations with several Latin American countries are “seriously strained” because of these countries' trading of drugs and the influx of drugs to our country from theirs. These Latin American countries, especially Columbia, Bolivia, and Peru, are a huge source of marijuana and cocaine for the United States. (Nadelmann 1988

Past and Current Trends of Drug Abuse in the United States

693 words - 3 pages declined over the last twenty years while the use of crack has increased. Many people avoided the use of crack because of the harmful chemicals used in creating the drug. One of the reasons why crack became popular is because of not needing to inject the drug hence less risks of being infected by the AIDS virus. Carroll (2000) states cocaine is the most powerful stimulant of natural origin. Most users snort or inject the drug to enable a quicker

Past and Current Trends of Drug Use in the United States

731 words - 3 pages Drug use in the United States has always been an issue, more so now than ever before. The abuse of prescription drugs by users of every age group is increasing at an alarming rate. The implications of drug use are a public health problem that affects society on many levels. Alcohol, once an illegal substance, is now an accepted, if not expected, drug in the American culture. This paper will discuss the past and current trends of drug use and how

Similar Essays

The Drug Policy In The United States

2990 words - 12 pages The Drug Policy in the United States The Drug Policy in the United States is a very strict and well defined policy that, in this day and age, has very little room for change. Most people are well aware of the fact that

Reducing Drug Abuse In The United States

3252 words - 13 pages potential -Preparations containing limited quantities of certain narcotics -Robitussin STATISTICS In 2010, an estimated 22.6 million Americans over the age of 12 were current or former illicit drugs users and has used within the past month of when this survey has been taken. Marijuana was the most popular substance used, with an increase from 14.4 million users in 2007 to 17.4 million users in 2010. An astounding 6 million children were living

Current Drug Policy In The United States

2532 words - 11 pages One of the aspects of current drug policy in the United States that continues to provide tension and a level of debate is why certain drugs, such as nicotine, are allowed to be produced and consumed within government regulation whereas other drugs, such as marijuana, are completely and entirely outlawed by the federal government. One might say that the reason for such a differential has to do with the overall level of harm differential

Drug Abuse In The United States: Hallucinogens

1029 words - 5 pages 1.1 million teenagers,eighteen and younger, have used the drug at least once in their lifetime. This number is steadily increasing and becoming a bigger problem than it first was. The first known discovery of a hallucinogen was LSD, which was discovered in 1938 and was marketed in 1947 by Sandoz laboratories (Parish). The use of this drug increased in the late 1950s because of famous icons promoting the drug .In 1965 the United States