The Mother Should Have the Choice
When abortion is being discussed in any case, there is one common question to be answered; does the mother or the fetus have the rights? Aborting pregnancies has been around for centuries, and so has all of the controversy around abortions, dealing with religious beliefs and morals. After all sides are looked at women, the mother should have the right to decide what she wants to be done with her unborn child. This essay will support the idea that women have the right to choose what is to be done with there unborn child only in the first trimester of their pregnancy.
The first trimester of a pregnancy is where the decision should be made about the unborn child. After that time frame abortion should not be allowed for the damage is too great on the woman’s body and the unborn child has devolved too much. The sooner the abortion takes place the safer the outcomes. In addition, "forcing a woman to carry a fetus to term unless she meets certain criteria unrelated to her own aspirations and priorities is a profound interference with a woman’s body and thus a violation of security of the person." (Smith 105) Smith makes a good argument here, stating that forcing laws and morals on the mother is violating her right to security of persons. The mother is the individual and the fetus is part of her body, which is why the mother has the right to choose what will happen to her body, only in the first trimester. Next, "The only good solution to the moral ambiguities involved is to prevent unwanted pregnancies." (Cauthen) Preventing unwanted pregnancies would help reduce child abuse, child neglect, reduce adoption and just help control the abuse a child receives. A woman may have gotten pregnant for many reasons: rape, incest, or contraceptive failure; and forcing that woman, by law, to carry her pregnancy to full term is invading on her rights. The woman should be allowed to decide what is in her best interest and in the best inters of the unborn child. An unwanted child will suffer if born and the mother should have the right, in the first trimester, to come to a conclusion on what will happen to her unborn child. Finally, pro life advocates argue that the fetus has rights too. "The court did give some rights to the fetus, in the first trimester, the question of abortion was to be decided solely between the woman and her physician, during the second trimester, the rights of the fetus will begin to become a concern." (Smith 103) The rights of the fetus should be considered after the first trimester is over with. The mother should be the person to ultimately decide what should happen to herself, her body, and the unborn child growing inside, if and only if the mother makes that decision with in the first trimester.
The woman’s health and well being is the next big concern. First, an abortion is easier for a woman to handle if it is completed in the first trimester and as close to conception as possible. There is...