The Mourning Of Demeter And Ceres

1212 words - 5 pages

The Greeks and Romans are two groups of people that were closely associated with each other. They both used legends of gods and mighty beings to explain the mysteries of the universe. A myth that has strong significance to both of them is the rape of Persephone or Prosperine as she was known to the Romans. The myths, while both referring to the same event, occur differently, over different periods of time and have slightly different outcomes. The key characters, Demeter (Ceres), Zeus (Jove), Persephone (Prosperine), and Hades (Pluto) are in both versions of the myth. Other characters that interact with the key characters such as Aphrodite (Venus) and Eros (Cupid) are only in one version of the myth. In both versions of the myth, Persephone is taken by Hades for different reasons and she is returned to Demeter for only parts of the year. Demeter is told who kidnapped her daughter by different people in both myths and different people explain to her why Hades is a fit husband and son-in-law. While both versions of the myth bear similarities, there are significant differences that make the myths stand apart.
There are many similarities between both versions of the rape of Persephone. In both, Hades kidnaps Persephone and makes her his queen. For ease of explanation, the Roman names of gods and the Greek names of gods will refer to separate entities. Hades kidnaps Persephone under direct orders from his brother Zeus (HHDem.36), whereas Pluto kidnaps Prosperine because his own love for her created by Cupid’s arrow (Met., p. 110). Zeus orders her kidnapping in order to expand his own domain. Cupid infatuates Pluto with Prosperine in order to expand his mother, Venus’ domain. With Hades married to Persephone, Zeus has a daughter who is queen of the underworld, a mother who is ruler of the earth and Zeus himself is the ruler of the skies. Now he has complete control of the three domains. Venus had the same reason to order Hades’ infatuation with Prosperine. Cupid’s power would now be in effect in all three realms of the world. As the goddess of sexuality, she also would not want other people to be virgins so she steals away Prosperine’s virginity without her knowledge (Met., p. 110). After the kidnapping, Demeter and Ceres are unaware as to where their children are and roam the earth looking for them (Met., p. 113). In their wake, they leave destruction by wilting crops and making the earth infertile (Met., p. 113) (HHDem.49). Even after they are told who kidnapped their children they do not loosen their grip on the earth’s fertility. Arethusa, a nymph, explains to Ceres that “The land is innocent; against its will/It opened for that rape.” (Met., p. 114). She explains to Ceres that Ceres is punishing the land for something of which it had no control. The land was just as innocent as Prosperine and a child of Saturn partook in the rape of both. Arethusa also tells Ceres how she saw Prosperine as queen of hell (Met., p. 114). Demeter...

Find Another Essay On The Mourning of Demeter and Ceres

The Analysis and Comparison of Birches and The Pomegranate

1198 words - 5 pages paces that give us all a feeling of growth and maturity. Eavan Boland is talking about how all mothers go through the myth of Ceres and Persephone. First, Eavan Boland was a child, lost at times, just like Persephone. Then, she became a mother, searching for her own daughter when she was lost. She knows that she must go through winter each time her child leaves the safety of her arms, because there is danger out in the world that a mother cannot

The mayor of casterbridge and Essay

1206 words - 5 pages The Return of the Native and The Mayor of Casterbridge both consist of plot twists, coincidences, and a series of minor and major climaxes. However, the time involved in the novels is very different. The Return of the Native may at first seem long because it contains many plot twists, but is it in fact very compact. The whole story takes place in only about a year. In contrast, The Mayor of Casterbridge takes place over a span of twenty years

Heoes of the Iliad and the Odyssey

2057 words - 9 pages desperately desires, if he participates in this war for the ages. So Achilles makes the choice to send Patroclus in his place: “So [Patroclus], you strap my splendid armor on your back, / and lead our battle-hungry Myrmidons into action!” (The Iliad 16: 74-75). The decision results in Patroclus’ death, and triggers a great segment of mourning in The Iliad. The audience views a great change in Achilles’ character when Odysseus meets him in the

Analysis and interpretation of the artwork of Durer and Grunewald.

1159 words - 5 pages of Saint Anthony's Monastery in Isenheim in Alsace and is now at the Unterlinden Museum in Colmar. It is a carved shrine with two sets of folding wings and three views. The first, with the wings closed, is a Crucifixion showing a extremely detailed, twisted, and bloody figure of Christ on the cross in the center. On the left Madonna is mourning and being comforted by John the Apostle along with Mary Magdelene kneeling with hands clasped in prayer

The Causes and Effects of the Crusades

644 words - 3 pages If you ask someone if they ever heard of the Crusades the answer will most likely be yes. Does that mean that they know what the Crusades are? No. Many Jewish people who don’t know much about the Crusades assume it was merely targeted against the Jews and it resulted in the death of countless Jews. Other than that they are oblivious to the true facts. So what were the Crusades? The Crusades were great military missions embarked on by the

The Identity and History of the Caribbean

2174 words - 9 pages The Identity and History of the Caribbean The Caribbean is a vastly diverse area representing the effects of colonialism, slavery, and the combination of many cultures. Since the arrival of Europeans the Caribbean islands have been going through constant change. The loss of native peoples and the introduction of the plantation system had immediate and permanent reprocussions on the islands. The Plantation system set up a society which

The Soul and Role of the Museum

1259 words - 5 pages The soul of a museum is the essence of identity by which it is defined; it is that which makes a museum a museum. The museum has identifiable requisites without which it would not be a museum. By using creative methods of exhibition, interpretation, and education as well as effective methods of collection and conservation, the museum becomes an integral aspect and a valuable resource in society. There are unique distinctions between the museum

The History and Future of the Internet

825 words - 3 pages The History and Future of the Internet Many believe the internet was an over night sensation, that one day, someone invented the internet and it spread in popularity faster than Tickle Me Elmo or the Macarena. Although the internet did have a surge of commercial popularity, with the invention of Mosaic and later with e-commerce, it was created many years ago with the development of military networking technologies. Also, the internet, unlike

The Meaning of The Mind and Soul

1059 words - 4 pages Death and immortality Since the times of Plato and before, humans have pondered the existence of a soul and the afterlife. I am going to present my argument for the existence of a soul and the potential for surviving one's physical death. For the purpose of my argument I will define that the meaning of the mind and soul are one and the same. The two main accepted views of the human condition are that of the physicalist and that of the dualist

The Articles of Confederation and the Consitution

1103 words - 4 pages In the history of the United States of America, our government has been defined by two very important documents. Reflecting on all governments of the past, they laid forth an impressive jumble of ideas that would lead the way to where we are today. These two documents are the Article of Confederation and the U.S Constitution. These two documents of precedent are both similar and unique, each with its own pros and cons, and neither being perfect

The Responsibilities of Congress and the President

1049 words - 4 pages In this module we have study modifications to the way Congress and the President do business. The Constitution lists specific duties for Congress to attend to; it is a little vaguer when assigning duties to the President. It is up to both of these institutions to best determine how to accomplish these duties. The major theme of this module is change, the addition of offices under the President and the modifications to the power distribution

Similar Essays

The Death And Mourning Process Found In Judaism.

1305 words - 5 pages In Judaism, death is a natural part of life. Many laws and customs govern the process of death, burial and mourning. As are many Jewish practices, the Jewish death rituals are fairly practical. They exist to honor and show respect for the dead and to assist and comfort the living.DeathJudaism puts a large emphasis on the joy of life, this is why Jewish law forbids euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. However, although it is prohibited to

Mourning And Melancholia In Hemingway’s For Whom The Bell Tolls

2945 words - 12 pages Mourning and Melancholia in Hemingway’s For Whom the Bell Tolls Ernest Hemingway’s For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940) begins with a quotation from John Donne’s “Meditation XVII.” With this epigraph, Hemingway identifies the source of his title and defines the connections achieved between human beings through mourning.: Donne’s argument begins, “No man is an island,” and it concludes with an assertion of our bond to the dead: “never send to

Compare And Contrast Donne's "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning" And Marvell's "To His Coy Mistress," Also Include The Idea Of Metaphysical Poetry In The Comparison.

679 words - 3 pages Donne's "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning" and Marvell's "To His Coy Mistress" are identical and contradictory in many respects. Although "A Valediction" concentrates on the comfort of love on parting and "To His Coy Mistress" contemplates about sexual love and the briefness of life, both exemplify characteristics of metaphysical poetry. Metaphysical poetry is about the profound areas of experience, especially about love, romantic and sensual

Comparison Between John Donne's "The Flea" And "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning"

1309 words - 5 pages dramatic lyric rather than a dramatic monologue. The poem focuses on how the man is trying to convince the woman to have sex with him, along with bringing insight to the man's character by his feelings and thoughts about the woman."A Valediction: forbidding Mourning" is recognised as one of Donne's most famous yet simplest poems. It is his most direct statement of his ideal of spiritual love. Unlike, "The Flea," in "A Valediction: forbidding Mourning