The Muslim Brotherhood
The Muslim Brotherhood was a large Islamic party. It founded by Hasan al-Banna in Egypt in 1928. Their goal was to create an Islamic nation, and they used shari’ah law. The ideas of the Muslim Brotherhood spread throughout the Arab World, and they had many branches in many Arab countries. Hasan al-Banna and his followers worked against the foreign companies “British imperial rule” in their country. What they had done were including charitable contributions and focusing on politics, economics, and societies problems, and they worked to find solutions for making all these things better. The Muslim Brotherhood had many activities, but the social benefits for Egyptian people are the most important activity that they have done.
One of the most crucial benefits that the society gained from the Muslim Brotherhood working was providing social security, and they wished to make some changes in order to remedy the problems such as injustices among the Egyptian people. The Muslim brotherhood demanded that the upper class would not play with the lower class and use them as they want. According to Abed-Kotob, “They ideally would led to the creation of a harmonious Islamic society in which the upper class would not exploit the poor, the manager would not oppress the workers, and the profit would be tempered by piety and good works” (327). This is such a great work that benefited society, and poor people have a chance to live as human beings. The poor people would have optimistic views for their future. What the Muslim Brotherhood did was a subject to increasing social justice in Egyptian society. Another important point is that the Muslim Brotherhood also started to organize the collecting of Zakat, which is the Islamic alms tax or alms giving. The rule for Zakat was taking money or other things from the rich people according to their incomes. Then they gave those things to the poor people, so society got benefit from this because this system made a balance between the people. Moreover, the Muslim Brotherhood used shari’ah law for doing such a great work because Islam requires equality among the people. Therefore, the poor people will not be starving while the upper classes are full. The organization of Zakat could make a situation to decrease the difference between the classes.
Another welfare benefits that the Muslim Brotherhood did was the provision of education. Hasan al-Banna and his followers started by founding school, and what they focused on was Islamic education. The schools known as Qur'an schools and it is because they mixed religious structure with education. According to Said Aly and W. Wenner, “Banna began a program of teaching and writing in which he stressed the need for general reform along Islamic lines of the social system” (336). The benefits of this activity for society is obvious because it was spread among the young people and the poor people as well in which at that time a big amount of population was...