The Mysterious Great Sphinx Of Giza

2250 words - 9 pages

I Thought There Would Be Answers: The Mysterious Great Sphinx of Giza
At the request of Napoleon Bonaparte in the early 1800’s Dominique Vivant Baron Denon French artist and diplomat was to record the exploits and accomplishments of Bonaparte’s Egyptian campaign. In 1802, he published his travels. “The perfection given by the Egyptians to the representations of their animals proves that they were not without an idea of that bold style which expresses much character in a few lines, and their execution tended to the grave, and to ideal perfection, as we have already remarked in instance of the Sphinx.” The generally accepted date of the great Sphinx of Giza is 2500BC attributed to Pharaoh Khafre of the fourth dynasty. If this is the generally accepted information about the Sphinx, why are there still many unanswered questions that cause such discourse in a search for answers? Despite extensive research regarding the history of the Sphinx, the methods and evidence surrounding the monument are unsubstantial and the mysteries remain unanswered.
The Sphinx is a 240 feet long and 70 feet tall monument carved out of different layers of limestone in the Giza Plateau. The Sphinx has a human head and the body of a lion. Egyptian Sphinxes are not to be confused with Grecian Sphinxes, which have the head of a woman on a winged lion, sent down to Thebes, Greece to devour those who could not solve her riddles. Ancient playwright Sophocles displayed a Grecian Sphinx in Oedipus Rex, a tragedy were Oedipus, King of Thebes, defeats the Sphinx by answering its riddle. The Greek name “Sphinx” derives from the verb “to strangle”, which the Grecian Sphinx would do to their victims that could not solve her riddles. It is undocumented what the original Egyptian name for the Giza Sphinx but the Egyptians of the new kingdom called the Sphinx Horemakhet (Horus in the horizon) the god of early morning or sunrise. The Sphinx represents the guardian of the Giza plateau. Revered in Ancient Egypt the feline form has a long association with royalty, power and protection. An evacuation lead by French archaeologist Dr. Alain Zivie believed inscriptions suggest Egyptians bred lions as well as buried them in sacred cemeteries. In 2001, Zive and his crew found a mummified lion in the tomb of a woman understood to be the wet nurse of Pharaoh Tutankhamen dated to 1430. The wear of the lion’s teeth indicate it lived to old age and was in captivity.
One theorist, Robert Temple, declares the Sphinx is not a lion at all, because of the flat back, lack of mane, and the disproportion of the head. He believes the original statue was craved before the old kingdom and portrayed the Egyptian god Anubis, with a head of a jackal and body of a man (see figure 1). Anubis is traditionally associated with mummification and the afterlife. Temple believes that between 2200-2000BC, the monument was defaced then re-carved during the fourth dynasty in the image of Pharaoh Khafre. He also presumes...

Find Another Essay On The Mysterious Great Sphinx of Giza

The Great Pyramid Of Giza Essay

841 words - 3 pages In the Age of the pyramids, also known as the Old Kingdom, the history of man's most incredible accomplishments are substantial. However, none of these accomplishments can match the magnitude of the engineering and organizational genius that was present in the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Egyptian pyramids are the world's oldest massive stone monuments and have the power to inflame the imagination. This monument is one of the most

The great sphinx Essay

1057 words - 4 pages The Great Sphinx at Giza in Egypt is the oldest monumental stone sculpture in the world, and still the largest. At 74m long by 20m high, not even Mt Rushmore (at a mere 18m) can compete. The mouth, with its enigmatic smile, caused by erosion and ancient vandalism rather than design, is 2 meters across. It was carved from the living rock - one of several limestone knolls in the area. The body, heavily eroded, is a soft yellowish limestone; the

The mystery Of the Great Sphinx of Egypt

1512 words - 6 pages mysterious history, are the stories of the Great Sphinx. The Great Sphinx is a statue with the body of a male lion with the head of a king or a god. The Great Sphinx was carved from soft, natural limestone and of some relatively delicate stone on the Giza Plateau. It has extensions which fan out at the sides of the head which make the likeness of a Pharaoh's head dress. At one time there was a cobra-like headpiece which was believed to

The Significance of the Great Pyramid of Giza

888 words - 4 pages Significance of the Great Pyramid of Giza The Great Pyramid of Giza greatly puzzles historians who try to uncover its true significance. Many unusual features make the Great Pyramid’s significance very unique yet baffling. Several have tried to produce theories to explain the purpose and role of this Ancient Wonder of the World. The Great Pyramid of Giza was built by Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops) to protect his belongings for eternity. Almost

Argumentative Essay-Preserving the Great Pyramid of Giza

647 words - 3 pages One of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world is the Great Pyramid of Giza. This wonder is “built to the last” for the future. However, this wonder is falling apart from bad weather conditions and we should try to keep it balanced and endured. If this wonder is damaged, preserving it would be difficult. We should try to preserve this wonder because it has a historical significance, a great architecture, and a deeper understanding of the Egyptian

The Riddle of the Sphinx

610 words - 2 pages its significance.Whatmore can be gleaned from the content of the story? The sphinx as it has been stated wasactually a symbolic depiction of an angel. This angel was not, however, anything like thedutiful messengers of God described in scripture but a horrible monster bent on the destruction ofany man it came in contact with. The biblical basis for such a creature is found in Ezekial 28.The 'king of Tyre' or 'King of the rock' as he is symbolically addressed, was the greatest ofall angels. In fact so great was his splendor that he believed himself as great as his creator.

Essay abut the history of the great Sphinx, its mystery and secrets

1618 words - 6 pages knows at least a little bit about Egypt, Sphinx and Giza Pyramids, are swallowed by those mysterious monuments, because non of us know for sure what really happened and when. I wish I could be in that mystifying place and watch from the far how the Great Sphinx was built. I wish I could be one of those scientists who got to see the inside treasure of that famous statue and Pyramids of Giza.Some scientists believe that Sphinx was built around 2500

The Great Pyramid at Giza: The Use of Advanced Math and Science Within its Design

1470 words - 6 pages Many conspiracies surround the Great Pyramid at Giza. Of these theories, nearly all of them stem from curiosities involving the construction process, as well as the planning and design process, of the Great Pyramid. While admitting that it is quite curious that the pyramid is oriented almost perfectly to the cardinal directions; along with the fact that both the golden section and the number π seem prevalent in the design; it is also curious how

The Building and Design of the Pyramid of Giza

808 words - 4 pages The Great Pyramid of Giza has an amazing story to tell about its construction and design. The Great Pyramid of Giza is constructed using a unique process. Its interior is also very precisely designed. The building process of the pyramid began with quarrying. Much information still has to be discovered about this step. However, evidence has been found that copper chisels were used for quarrying. Harder materials such as Dolerite were

The Mysterious Death of Edgar Allen Poe

2776 words - 11 pages the time period would have been blurry. It would have been virtually impossible for some one who didn't know Poe to recognize him on the street, proving that it may have been possible for this to have been his demise. Another theory of what caused Poe's death is that he was beaten up, either by strangers or someone he knew, and left for dead. In his book "Midnight Dreary: The Mysterious Death of Edgar Allan Poe", John Walsh blames the

The Mysterious Life of Edgar Allan Poe

2189 words - 9 pages to the police. The theme of the story is guilt. "The Fall of the House of Usher" is another short story written by Edgar Allan Poe. There are three main characters; there is an unnamed narrator, Roderick, and his twin sister Madeline. Roderick invites the narrator to visit him at his house. He says that he is feeling physically and emotionally ill. When the narrator arrives at the house, he notices that the house is very dark and mysterious

Similar Essays

Mystery Of The Great Sphinx Of Giza: Understanding The Sphinx From A Material Culture Point Of View

2694 words - 11 pages Never before in history did any monument receive such wide attention from the public and media like the Great Sphinx of Giza. The 73.5m long and 20m high (Dieter Arnold) stone carved statue not only fascinates people from all around the world, but also created countless movie ideas, novels, video games and raises questions to those who are interested. Undoubtedly, Sphinx has become one of the most notable figures of ancient Egyptian culture just

The Great Pyramid Of Giza Essay

1987 words - 8 pages corners of the base of the pyramid coincide almost exactly with the four cardinal points, and the base is level to within in an inch. The pyramid is estimated to stand 481 ft tall. Right by The Great Pyramid of Giza lay three smaller pyramids which are believed to hold the Pharaoh's queens. The second largest pyramid as well as the sphinx was commissioned by Pharaoh Khufu's son, Pharaoh Khafre, in 2520 B.C.. It appears at first that this pyramid

The Great Pyramid Of Giza Essay

1084 words - 4 pages The Great Pyramid of Giza Who built the Great Pyramid? The Great Pyramid was built by the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. Khufuwas born in 2589 BC - 2566 BC. His real name was Khnum-khuf meaning 'the god Khnum is his protection. Khufuwas the son of another great pyramid builder, King Sneferu. Khufu's mothers name was Hetepheres. Khufuwas the second king in the 4th dynasty. The Greeks referred Khufu as Cheops When

The Great Pyramid Of Giza Essay

1105 words - 4 pages The Great Pyramid of GizaThe greatest accomplishment of all the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World does not need a description by early historians and poets. It does not require conjectures regarding its appearance, size, and shape. This wonder is the oldest of them all and the only surviving one. This great wonder of the ancient world is the Great Pyramid of Giza.The Great Pyramid of Giza is located on the outskirts of today, Cairo, Egypt, on