The Nanking Massacre Essay

1342 words - 5 pages

The Rape of Nanking, also known as the Nanking Massacre was a six week period when mass numbers of Chinese men and woman were killed by the Japanese. Embarrassed by the lack of effort in the war with China in Shanghai, the Japanese looked for revenge and finally were able to win the battle. The Japanese moved toward the city of Nanjing also known as Nanking and invaded it for approximately six months. Even though the people of Nanjing outnumbered the 50,000 Japanese, they were not as masterful in warfare as their opponents. Chinese soldiers were forced to surrender to the Japanese and the massacre began in which around 300,000 people died and 20,000 women were raped. The Japanese leaders had different methods of killing that were instructed to the soldiers. However, the prisoners of this “City of Blood” soon found their liberation and their justice was served.
The Japanese saw China as the place to spread their imperial and expansionist objectives. A rough estimate of 300,000 Chinese men and women died in the six weeks after December 13, 1937 (Jones). Around 20,000 women from ages 8 to 70 were raped by Japanese soldiers (Scarred). The Japanese leaders of these tragedies included Emperor Hirohito, who gave several military orders such as taking over China; Prince Asaka, who developed brutal ways to kill captives; General Yanagawa Heisuke, who received the orders and enforced them; and lastly, General Nakajima Kesago, who inaugurated the killings in Nanking by beheading two prisoners of war to test his sword (Jones). The motives of these people were to kill soldiers that were seen as a threat by any means necessary (Chang). “Many were shot down like the hunting of rabbits in the streets” (Scarred).
The soldiers smiled when they beheaded someone, they laughed when they killed masses at a time, and they slept through the night dreaming about doing it all over again the next day. The Nanjing Massacre had the most killings in the fewer amounts of weeks than other genocides (Chang). The soldiers used different methods for killing: gun firing, piercing, cutting body parts such as the heart and the abdomen, beheading and decapitation, drowning, beating with an awl in the most sensitive areas, burning and castrating. The streets became known as “streets of blood” because they were filled with corpses. Soldiers gathered all the people they believed were Chinese soldiers and starved them, promising them a new life, they took them to the fields, but it was already too late for the Chinese to defend themselves; the massacre began (Chang). On this day, 90,000 men floated on the Yangtze River while Japanese soldiers smiled, finished their killing contests, and took pictures of the scene.
After defeating the soldiers and those they found as threats, soldiers turned their attention to the women of Nanjing (The Rape). Chang states, “Certainly it was one of the greatest mass rapes in world history. It is impossible to determine the exact number of women...

Find Another Essay On The Nanking Massacre

The Rape of Nanking Essay

1272 words - 5 pages Throughout The Rape of Nanking, the brutal massacre of thousands of innocent Chinese citizens is brought forth through the invasion of this ancient city taken over by the Imperial Japanese army. Iris Chang illustrates the graphic details of the murder and rape of these victims through the perspectives of different sides of the attack. Chang; furthermore, ties in the mass genocide and destruction displayed throughout the book with the example of

The Similarities and Differences Between the Views of the Chinese, the Japanese, and the Westerners on the Rape of Nanking

3886 words - 16 pages AbstractIn 1937, years of temporary relative peace were broken due to the Marco Polo Bridge Incident. Not long afterwards, the Japanese Imperial Army found themselves walking past the city gates of China's capital city, Nanking. It was here that the Japanese Army was convicted of causing one of the most horrendous acts of widespread violence. Named the "Rape of Nanking" or the "Nanking Massacre", the Japanese were accused of committing crimes

The Causes of the Rape of Nanking

2234 words - 9 pages victimization, rape, pillaging, and arson. This period became known as the Rape of Nanking.Japan's intentions in the massacre were questioned. This incident did not need to occur in the first place. Like the other cities before Nanking, the Japanese Imperial Army could have simply attacked it, defeated it, replenish their supplies, then march on. Many previous battles held more bitter endings than at Nanking, yet why did the Japanese suddenly choose

The Rape of Nanking and Tiananmen Square

2165 words - 9 pages Throughout history, genocide has been one of the most devastating human calamities. The Rape of Nanking, or the Nanking Massacre is an example of one of the worst genocides in history. This event was so horrific that it is sometimes referred to as the “forgotten Holocaust” (The Rape). Beginning on December 13, 1937, Japan invaded China and “the mass execution of soldiers and the slaughtering and raping of tens of thousands of civilians took

"Equality" and "Human" Defined by Genocide

986 words - 4 pages 200,000 civilians and 90,000 soldiers were killed (Fogel, Online). Iris Chang, a prominent social critic of the Japanese, went a step further and described the slaughter as not a genocide but as a holocaust. Chang called the massacre Nanking a "mass extermination," and she compared the "Rape" to the Jewish Holocaust and to Stalin's purges in order to make the point that what the Japanese perpetrated in China was worse because it occurred over a

The Chinese Holocaust, The Rape of Nang King.

1381 words - 6 pages Nanking during World War II@ (Chang pg. 3).Her reasons for writing this book are very interesting and eventful. The Japenese government has never gone further than to allude to the massacre as a Amistake@, but its historical veracity is not in dispute (Chen, chinal-9650.html). Japan had invaded and conquered Shanghai in November 1937, and then moved onwards to Nanking. The Japanese citizens of Nanking, predictably, attempted to resist, and

The Rape Of Nanking

601 words - 2 pages Sam Chung 602-694-468 The Rape of Nanking For all the atrocities that happen in the world, The Rape of Nanking ranks up there with the worst of them. Seeing video footage of the Japanese mercilessly killing hundreds of thousands of Chinese people who could not defend themselves and learn about the inhumane nature of the killings leaves a feeling of anger, even in people who have no connection to the event. From the Bombing to the war

The denial of Japanese War Crimes and atrocities

998 words - 4 pages hands of the Japanese. The most talked about or notorious atrocity in China was the Rape of Nanking in 1937. This is now called theNanjing Massacre. These crimes were the worst war crimes of the whole twentieth century. Not even the Nazi soldiers could have imagined some of the terrible things thathappened there. The Japanese military would actually gather up Chinese people to practice with their bayonets. When the Chinese troops refused to

The Battle of Nanjing

1270 words - 5 pages . Works Cited n.a., . "Nanjing Massacre." New World Encyclopedia. n.p., 5 Sept. 2008. Web. 8 Mar 2014. C. Peter Chen, . "Battle of Nanjing and the Rape of Nanjing." World War II Database. Lava Development. Web. 8 Mar 2014. n.a., . "Rape of Nanking." Constitutional Rights Foundation. Consitutional Rights Foundation. Web. 8 Mar 2014. C. Peter Chen, . "Iwane Matsui." World War II Database. Lava Development. Web. 8 Mar 2014. Chang, Iris. Rape of Nanking. New York: Basic Books, 1997. Print.

“Knowledge takes the form of a combination of stories and facts.” How accurate is this claim in two areas of knowledge?

1217 words - 5 pages natural science. There is one real life situation which could demonstrate these knowledge issues: history provides the stories but is based on the facts. As one of the most well-known massacres during the Second World War, Nanking Massacre have caused more than 200,000 Chinese civilians’ death in a week due to the Japanese armies’ killing ( 2014). Multiple evidences have shown how the invaders attacked Nanking and massacred civilians

The Yasukuni Shrine and the Rise of Japan's New Nationalism

2397 words - 10 pages in response to the Japanese political leaders' misconducts regarding the historical issues. The conservatives in Japan attempted to deny the incidence of massacre and attempted to disguise the number of Chinese soldiers and civilians killed in the Rape of Nanking. In addition to their collective memories of being victims under Japanese imperial militaristic atrocities, the outburst Chinese and Korean anti-Japanese sentiments were triggered by the

Similar Essays

The Nanking Massacre Essay

1334 words - 5 pages The Nanking Massacre Evaluate and discuss the significance of the Nanking Massacre atrocity. During World War II there were many atrocities committed that eventuated in the casualties of millions of innocent people, it’s also apparent that there were many atrocities and that Nanking was one of the most gruesome, not just in East Asia, but the whole world. The concentration camp in Auschwitz resulted in the deaths of over 1.1 million Jews

The Nanking Massacre. A Tragedy Forgotten Sketch Of Nanking Massacre. Discusses Atrocities, Propaganda, And The Charitable Deeds Of John Rabe.

1335 words - 5 pages The Nanking Massacre, A Tragedy Forgotten When mentioned, World War II rings images of cities ruined by German blitzes, Nazi Death Camps, D-Day and perhaps other cases of destruction, both material and human, on the European front. Yet, the most abhorrent deeds committed remain wrapped in a shroud of shadows as dark as their nature. The number dead from this genocide exceed even the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and rival the

To What Extent Can We Trust The Figure Of Victims Of Nanjing Massacre In "The Rape Of Nanking"?

1713 words - 7 pages E: Works Plan of the investigationThe investigation assesses to what extent can we trust the figure of victims of Nanking massacre in "The Rape of Nanking -the forgotten holocaust of World War"? Which written by Chinese-American

History Of Nanking Massacre Essay

1270 words - 6 pages Despite having the horrific Nanking Massacre occur 70 years ago, its history is barely buried like many of the dead were at the time. The Nanking Massacre (also known as the Rape of Nanking) occurred as a part of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War, which would then become part of World War II. This war involved the Republic of China defending against the invading Japanese forces. Unfortunately, China was weakened due to a civil war between the