This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Nature And Notion Of Intelligence.

1374 words - 5 pages

Every person is different and their intelligence is as unique as they are, no two people share the same intelligence. There is no universal definition attached to intelligence. This is due to the highly debatable topic surrounding the concept of whether there is only one single type of intelligence or if there are multiple intelligences. There are currently two major theories of study being devoted to the nature and notion of intelligence. The thought that intelligence comes from one common factor, otherwise known as the g-factor, is supported by a variety of psychologists including Spearman and Galton. Evidence to support the opposing view includes the work of psychologists Cattell, Gardner and Sternberg. It is worthwhile to note that there is a level of disagreement within the group as to specifically how many types of intelligence there actually are. This report will examine the various types of intelligence presented by psychologists and explore the notion that no two people share the same intelligence.

The supporters of multiple intelligence may not agree as to how many forms of intelligence there are but they do agree that intelligence is not a stand alone concept, that it is made up of a series of building blocks. Of the three theories to be explored in this paper Cattell’s two factor theory (1957) was the first, followed by Gardner and his theory of multiple intelligences (1983) and Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence is the most modern, being published in 2003.

Raymond Cattell distinguished that there were two general forms of intelligence; fluid intelligence and crystallised intelligence. The abilities that are associated with fluid intelligence are those associated with driving an individual’s ability to be able to act and think quickly, solve problems and have the ability to store and form short-term memories. These abilities have been described as the type of intelligence that an individual uses when they are unaware of what they should already be doing. It is uncommon for people to share a similar fluid intelligence as this form of intelligence is heavily independent of education and cultural norms (Horn & Cattell, 1967). The innate characteristic of fluid intelligence are juxtaposed by those of crystallised intelligence which stem from learning and an individuals cultural upbringing (Horn & Cattell, 1967).

This intelligence includes an individuals knowledge, understanding of common knowledge as well as the use and extent of their vocabulary and the range of skills which have been acquired throughout an individuals upbringing (Horn & Cattell, 1967). Factors such as personality, motivation, education and cultural opportunity are all highly important when it comes to understanding and testing an individuals crystallised intelligence. Intelligence tests that are based on the g-factor theory and, as stated by the American Psychological Association, are inadequate at measuring an individuals crystallised intelligence. It...

Find Another Essay On The Nature and Notion of Intelligence.

The notion of capital Essay

588 words - 2 pages information for the topmanager to handle and deal with. This is exactly what happened to Marksand Spencer. In 1991, Sir Richard Greenbury took over Marks and Spencerfor seven years and structured the company to fit the Functional design.He made the company very aristocratic and rigid where by ?Head officeknows best? (The Economist). This created an atmosphere where by thecompany focused on their products instead of focusing on theircustomers

Nature vs. Nurture and the Impacts on Human Intelligence

2276 words - 9 pages In current times many psychologists agree that nature (genes) and nurture (environment) both play important roles in the sculpting of intelligence in individuals, they work together constantly to guide maturity. This paper will look briefly at how intelligence is measured and the validity of those measurements. Additionally an argument for how environmental factors; education and parental health may influence the intelligence level of the

Notion of Power in 'Orlando' and 'The Piano'

2204 words - 9 pages The notion of power is presented in various ways in Woolf’s ‘Orlando ‘and Campion’s ‘The Piano’. This essay will compare these two texts and how they show power in different, yet similar ways. The first part of the essay analyzes the basic idea on gender roles of the Victorian and 19th century. The second part analyses Orlando aristocratic background and his ability to inherit riches. This is compared with Orlando as a woman who is unable to

The Notion of Human Rights

1166 words - 5 pages Human rights are established on the standard of respect for the individual. They are described as the essential liberties which every human holds for the fact that they are human. The notion of human rights developed through changes in thoughts and ideas which evolved during the era of Enlightenment, Protestant Reformation, and the Renaissance (“Human Rights”). The notion of human rights gained traction throughout the world resulting in the

The Johannine Notion of Belief

612 words - 2 pages While the word “believe” may seem like a particularly broad and specific term, the context of John’s Gospel shows that it truly has various meanings. Granted, the word “believes” still holds the common definition of “accepting as true; to suppose; to have faith”, but in the Gospel of John, it takes on a much deeper meaning due to its context. In all uses of the word “believing”, the stories use a close relation with human senses (Just). Despite

Using Jung's notion of archetypes and/or Joseph Campbell's notion of a mystic journey analyze and compare two of the following films: "Batman Returns" and "Thelma and Louise"

2337 words - 9 pages Jung had many beliefs about the psychology of humans. In particular was that of the archetype- the intuition of our persona, and its relationship to the collective unconscious. The collective unconscious can be defined by two elements- instincts and archetypes. Instincts, Jung advocates, determines our actions, and archetypes are unconscious and inherent forms of intuition. Shadow and persona are two of Jung’s most reconisable archetypes

Thucydides' and Sophocles': Notion of Tragedy

994 words - 4 pages do to escape the fate he once learned of from the oracle. Irony was evident in the Oedipus plays by Sophocles as well as in Thucydides' On Justice Power and Human Nature. Lastly Thucydides and Sophocles used the notion of an inevitable tragic downfall. In the beginning of On Justice Power and Human Nature, Athens was the dominant power. The general theme of the Corinthian speech was that the Athenian empire was growing at an alarming rate

The Morality and Utility of Artificial Intelligence

4503 words - 18 pages disadvantageous for society? While Searle contends that the notion of Artificial Intelligence is incoherent, and Weizenbaum, that it is immoral, the Dreyfus brothers, in their book Mind Over Machine, contend that Artificial Intelligence as a science is impossible. Hubert Dreyfus, a philosopher, and brother Stuart, a computer scientist, argue that it is absurd to think that computers will one day be able to achieve a significant

The Notion of the Good in the Ethical Views of Plato and Aristotle

1636 words - 7 pages The Notion of the Good in the Ethical Views of Plato and Aristotle 1. Discuss the notion of "the good" in the ethical views of Plato and Aristotle. State which of potentiality would lead to normal life. Plato explored such subjects as beauty, justice, and good government. Plato's ethics were ethics of happiness. He based his ethical theory on the proposition that all people desire happiness although, of course, people sometimes

Aquinas' Notion of the Law Maker

936 words - 4 pages Adrienne Blonski Aquinas' Notion of the Law Maker The focus of this argument is derived from Aquinas' four defining characteristics of law. The following considerations provide a convincing argument against Aquinas' notion stating that "all laws must be issued by the one responsible for the common good". Based on the suggested definition of law, as well as the concept of past precedent and case law developed by

The Kids' Notion of Boo Radley

851 words - 3 pages How does the kids' notion of Boo Radley develop from the beginning of the novel to the end? "Boo was about six and a half feet tall … there was a long jagged scar that ran across his face; what teeth he had were yellow and rotten; his eyes popped and he drooled most of the time." At the beginning of the novel, Boo is to the children mainly what they have heard as neighborhood rumors and interpreted in their own imaginations. The

Similar Essays

The Notion Of Nature Essay

707 words - 3 pages Where would humans be without nature? Scientifically, no creature could have ever existed without nature; earth could not have even existed without it. Despite this, people treat the environment in varying ways – some abuse it, while others respect and cherish it. William Golding’s The Lord of the Flies points out these assorted reactions to wildlife. Through the British boys’ characterization, Golding illustrates that humans instinctively

Nixon And The Notion Of Presidential Power

1699 words - 7 pages Richard Nixon and the Notion of Presidential Power"Actions which otherwise would be unconstitutional, could become lawful if undertaken for the purpose of preserving the Constitution and the Nation." The idea that certain actions are not illegal if used to preserve the best interests of a nation has drawn sharp criticism from the time of Lincoln through today. Presidents of the United States do take a solemn oath in which they promise to

Business And The Notion Of Ethics

1214 words - 5 pages the notion of ethics has been around for generations, it has been seen in religion and philosophy. Although it has only been in the last few decades that the business world has adopted this principle of doing the right thing, not just doing what will lead to most profits. The concept of ethics encompasses a ‘systematic’ process of considering the ‘moral consequences’ of ones actions, as stated by (text book). However there isn’t a succinct

The Notion Of Domestication Essay

1554 words - 6 pages In order to understand media we must see it as a persistent, permeating, and pervading concept and institution which allows technologies to become part of everyday life, with the notion of Domestication (Silverstone et al. 1992) as a quintessential example of the trends of media following a sequential development towards modernity. Domestication of media is an ongoing process, which seeks to redefine the demarcation between man and technology